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how can the "Thousand and One Nights" be considered a tale?
includes animals behaving as humans
>>the story of the man who could communicate with animals mentioned above, the man is admittedly helplessly in love with his wife and unable to deny her request that he divulge the secret that would bring him death. It isn’t until other male voice intervene (since the voice of the Cock is attributed to a male pronoun) convinces him to “snap out of it” and give his wife a sound beating.
- includes, under the main story of the woman Shahrazad telling the king stories each night, left un-finished in order to avoid him killing her>> many small stories.."stories within a main story"
What is the difference between a fable and a tale?
- a fable >> short story with a moral theme
- a tale>> involved animals behaving as humans, doesn't necessarily involve a moral lesson/theme
what is a common theme in tales?
A recurrent theme is the struggle of an underdog against adversity and his eventual triumph
who is considered the protagonist in "thousand and one nights"?
Shahrazad> tells 1000 stories ( 1 /night) to her newly wedded husband that plans to kill her after sleeping with her.......she escpaes this plan by distracting him with intrigueing stories that she always , purposefully, leaves unfinished.
What 3 subjects are discussed in these tales told by Shahzarad?
- 1. Despair
- 2. nature of evil
- 3. retribution
how is this tale similar to previously mentioned stories??
- journey in order to gain new intelligence,understanding, or "enlightenment"
- women were once again, used to sway/influence the minds of male characters
- conflict arising over sexual affairs/adultery
who wrote the "Decameron"?
What era was on the rise during the time this tale was being written? (the decameron)
Spirit of Renaissance depicted in poetry/art/etc....
What did the tale, "Decameron" offer to society, and the growing public's interest in renaissance literature?
demonstrated the many different classes at the time of this renaissance period- offered each class a way in which they could "relate" this to the tale
How was this period of Renaissance and Humanism started?
started by celebrating human beauty/capabilities
as emphasis on the individual increased
who stated, " man is the measure of all things"? << this quote became one of the essential basis for the renaissance and humanism period
Due to faith moving out of the picture during this "individual celebrated and focused" era, what did the flow of change look like?
the pattern was most easily identified as being the switch from faith-based ways of thinking, to rationality-based ways of thinking.
What work was responsible for "individual-focused" movement (renaissance and humanism) movement?
Don Quixote, by Cervantes
are codes for conduct> taught how to behave like a "gentlemen"
, protect the weak
, challenges of wrongs, practice of valor, and demeanor/virtues a knight possesses.
- Chivalry emphasized the protection of the weak, idealized women, and celebrated the role of the wandering knight, who traveled from place to place performing good deeds.
What is the "Don-Quixote" about, and what did it provide for readers?
Don Quixote sets out on an adventure and ends up hurting others more than helping them :(
adventures are qualified by his extensive readings
gives readers insight into what it is like to be a prisoner to pirates
Cervantes tried to create inDon Quixote a place to discuss human identity, morality, and art within this ever-shifting time. Though the Renaissance gave rise to a new humanism in European literature, popular writing continued to be dominated by romances about knights in shining armor practicing the code of chivalry.
who wrote, "Don Quixote"?
Miguel de Cervantes >> wrote "Don-Quixote"
Conflict arises, in regards to "don quixote" and the legitimacy and credibility of its source (cervantes)
Cervantes seems to be outdated ( writing stories about renaissance in a newly est. humanism -oriented society)
Despite his vast experience, he lacks the education/knowledge that is needed in order for his experiences to make sense, and appeal to readers
Key facts about the Renaissance Period
-defined as being the "re-birth, awakening" era
- intellectuals movement
> this is part of why Cervantes was not viewed as a credible source for writing "Don Quixote"
DANGER: false information
- the movement started in Florence, Italy
- Historical eventss occured during the Renaissance period, such as the Printing press > invented by Gutenburg The new Printing Press > lead to more books being read
- --"bible is mass-produced" (in 1455)
a key player during this time was Martin Luke King
Protestant Reformation>> faith is not just deeds and works based, rather, it is an honest belief that then produces/induces good deeds /works
Self-Help Books info
focused on human achievement
focused on gentlemen>> courtier by castiglione
"Sprezzatura">> codes of conduct
1543: Copernicus came up with the theory of earth's relation to the sun
Debating Don Quixote's sanity
- Insane >> cannot discern what is an illusion and what is actually present
- - inflicts pain on others by his intentions to do good for others
- Sane>> metaphor makers (for ex: Emily Dickinson)
- - mis-perceptions are understandable "Windmills like Giants" etc..
4 stanzas with 4 lines each is considered a "quatrain"
span of 10 days
What did these literary works written in the Renaissance period provide for society as a whole?
literature provided entertainment and instruction
"Medicine" for the people affected by the plague that struck during this period
What are some of the values that can be seen in the literary works of "Decameron"?
love, laughter, pleasure, and beauty
- merit based on actions and character rather than birth or inherited wealth
What is the significance of the "escape from the city to the countryside" ?
city>> symbolized death and suffering (in the city of Florence, Italy, a plague is ravaging and killing people who become infected)
countryside >> symbolizes life and resurrection (10 people decide to flee from the city, and seek refuge in a countryside estate where they pass the time telling stories and enjoying each other's company )
what recurring theme is presented also in "decameron"?
affairs/sexually driven desires >> become one of the sources for destruction