Ch. 3 Medical, Legal, And ethical issues

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Ch. 3 Medical, Legal, And ethical issues
2012-10-01 01:10:20
Chapter Flash Cards

Chapter 3 Flash Cards
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  1. Define abandonment
    Unilateral termination of care by the EMT-B without the patient's consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with skills at the same level or higher.
  2. What is a advance directive?
    written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will.
  3. Define assault
    Unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm.
  4. define battery
    Touching a patient or providing emergency care without consent.
  5. define competent
    Able to make rational decisions about personal well-being.
  6. What is dependent lividity?
    Blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin. lowest point pulled down by gravity
  7. What is a DNR?
    Written documentation by a physician giving permission to medical personnel not to attempt resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest.
  8. What is expressed consent?
    A type of consent in which a patient gives express authorization for provision of care or transport.
  9. What are the Good Samaritan laws?
    Statutory provisions enacted by many states to protect citizens from liability for errors and omissions in giving good faith emergency medical care, unless there is wanton, gross, or willful negligence.
  10. what is implied consent?
    Type of consent in which a patient who is unable to give consent is given treatment under the legal assumption that he or she would want treatment.
  11. What is informed consent?
    Permission for treatment given by a competent patient after the potential risks, benefits, and alternatives to treatment have been explained.
  12. Define negligence
    Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.
  13. What is precedence?
    Basing current action on lessons, rules, or guidelines derived from previous similar experiences
  14. What is putrefaction
    Decomposition of body tissues.
  15. What is rigor mortis?
    Stiffening of the body; a definitive sign of death.