humanities final pt 2

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mmr2742
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17464
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humanities final pt 2
Updated:
2010-05-03 11:17:17
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Buddha
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Buddha Christianity
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  1. The church inherits __, __, and __ from Rome (western)
    • 1. legal system that becomes Canon Law
    • 2. Latin language
    • 3. governmental divisions
  2. the governmental divisions were
    provinces- archbishops

    bishops- diocese

    priests-parishes
  3. 1. The rise of the Islamic empire created an important
    ______ between _____ and ______. 2. Creates a historical link of
    Early classical and early ______. 3. Islamic helped cut off western _____ from the rest of
    the world. 4. If it’s isolated ____ Europe, then it establishes borders of western Europe.
    • bridge
    • East Asia and Western Europe
    • modern renaissance
    • Europe
    • Christian
  4. Two groups of people who stopped the march of the Islams:
    Franks, Byzantines
  5. Medicine-
    • Tacuinum Sanitatis
    • (Medieval health handbook)
  6. Chemistry
    distillation alkuhl
  7. Islamic languages were:
    in Persian and Arabic
  8. The ___ was the panicle of Islamic literature.
    Quran
  9. ___ most important
    Love sickness
    Sufi poetry-_____
    • Poetry
    • Rumi- Suf (coarse wool)
  10. Islamic mystics are:
    meditation, fasting, prayer, music, dance, intuition, non-rational , ecstasy, visionary
  11. dancers spinning in circles:
    dervishes
  12. Who had praise for his camel?
    Terraphas
  13. Some poetry was prose. one works was ____, and another was ____, which was the frame story of the first blank.
    A Thousand and One Nights

    Scheherazade
  14. The three main characteristics of Islamic art are:
    • 1. Repetition page 58.
    • 2. Infinite extension (Arabesque)
    • 3. calligraphy
  15. Dome of the Rock...
    • - In Jerusalem
    • - Contended over by jews, Christians, and muslims
    • - Sacred to jews because it’s believed to be the location to the original temple.
    • -The spot where adam was supposedly created. And is the spot where Muhammad is
    • believed to have descended into heaven.
  16. the Islamic empire preserved _____.
    classical greek texts.
  17. Muhammad was very open to the idea of ____, he encouraged his followers to seek it.
    knowledge
  18. The Muslim house of worship.
    mosque
  19. a special niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction if Mecca.
    mihrab
  20. a stepped pulpit in mosque
    minbar
  21. The fall of Constantinople
    1459
  22. A tall, slender tower usually attached to a mosque and surrounded by a balcony from which the muezzin summons Muslims to prayer.
    minaret
  23. "crier" calls the the hours of Muslim prayer five times a day.
    muezzin
  24. Christianity was an ___________.
    alternative to secular rational values.
  25. Why would Christians be persecuted?
    • 1. refusal to worship emperor
    • 2. refusal to serve in the army.
  26. Buddha's real name is _____.
    Siddartha Guatama
  27. tathagata
    successor
  28. budhisattua
    destined for enlightenment
  29. Buddha's teachings: The four noble truths:
  30. 1. pain is universal
    • 2. desire causes pain
    • 3. ceasing to desire relieves pain, and
    • 4. right conduct leads to release from pain.
  31. The Eightfold Path:
    • 1. accepting the four noble truths as a fact
    • 2. right intention
    • 3. right speech
    • 4. right action
    • 5. right livlihood
    • 6. right effort
    • 7. right mindfulness
    • 8. right concentration
  32. In the eightfold path, the spokes of the wheels are the pure conduct, ___ is the uniformity of their length. ___ is the tire. ___ & ____ are the hubb. In the whole, the axil is the ____.
    • Justice
    • Wisdom
    • Modesty & thoughtfulness
    • truth
  33. Application of the teachings:
    • 1. rejection of ritual and vedic tradition
    • 2. renunciation material wealth
    • 3. belief that enlightenment is attainable by all.
    • 4. Man has author of his own salvation.
    • 5. Return of good for evil.
  34. The two rules that Christ has:
    • 1. love the Lord your God with all of your heart
    • 2. Love your neighbor as yourself.
  35. Paul wrote ___ to churches. His contribution: he ___. His message was ____.
    • letters/epistles
    • universalized Christ's message.
    • Christ was the Messiah and he came to the Earth to serve humans, all you have to do is believe.
  36. What is suffering, Why do we Suffer, and how do we prevent suffering?
    Buddha was born a prince. Six years he lived as an ascetic.
  37. fig tree-
    bo
  38. bo- fig tree, where Buddha attains ___.
    enlightenment.
  39. Buddha called his path the ___.
    middle way, because it's not self indulgence nor self denial. He wrote nothing.
  40. Similarities between Buddha and Christ:
    • 1. ethical focus
    • 2. worked as reforms of older established religion
    • 3. as stories spread, they gathered tales of miraculous events.
    • 4. taught that you need to renounce material wealth
    • 5. taught the return good for evil.
  41. lesser vehicle (buddha as man)
    hinayana
  42. greater vehicle (buddha as deity)
    Mahayana
  43. BUDDHA IMAGE SYMBOLISM
    cross-legged position (meditation)-____
    mound on top of head- ____
    long ear lobes-____
    mudras-____
    solar disk-____
    third eye-___
    stupa -___
    • lotus
    • wisdom
    • princely nobility
    • positions of higher hands
    • halo-divinity
    • insight
    • burial mound-monument
    • holds relics of Buddha or commemorations of teachings
  44. Dome:
    Earth, Heaven, Universe
  45. levels of human, conscious of enlightenment (top of dome)
    Chatras
  46. aid to meditation, geometric, geometric symbols of universe.
    Mandala
  47. Chinese stupa
    Pagodas
  48. sacred word sound formulas:
    Mantras
  49. symbol of procreation
    lotus flower
  50. The ___ symbolizes the divinity of ___.
    • halo
    • buddha
  51. In 476 AD, the germanic general _____, deposes the last Roman emperor(Augustulus Romulus) in the ___.
    • Odoacar
    • west
  52. ___ &___ were the two last emperors.
    Diocletian & Constantine (important to the rise of Christianity)

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