humanities final pt 2
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The church inherits __, __, and __ from Rome (western)
- 1. legal system that becomes Canon Law
- 2. Latin language
- 3. governmental divisions
the governmental divisions were
1. The rise of the Islamic empire created an important
______ between _____ and ______. 2. Creates a historical link of
Early classical and early ______. 3. Islamic helped cut off western _____ from the rest of
the world. 4. If it’s isolated ____ Europe, then it establishes borders of western Europe.
- East Asia and Western Europe
- modern renaissance
Two groups of people who stopped the march of the Islams:
- Tacuinum Sanitatis
- (Medieval health handbook)
Islamic languages were:
in Persian and Arabic
The ___ was the panicle of Islamic literature.
___ most important
- Rumi- Suf (coarse wool)
Islamic mystics are:
meditation, fasting, prayer, music, dance, intuition, non-rational , ecstasy, visionary
dancers spinning in circles:
Who had praise for his camel?
Some poetry was prose. one works was ____, and another was ____, which was the frame story of the first blank.
A Thousand and One Nights
The three main characteristics of Islamic art are:
- 1. Repetition page 58.
- 2. Infinite extension (Arabesque)
- 3. calligraphy
Dome of the Rock...
- - In Jerusalem
- - Contended over by jews, Christians, and muslims
- - Sacred to jews because it’s believed to be the location to the original temple.
- -The spot where adam was supposedly created. And is the spot where Muhammad is
- believed to have descended into heaven.
the Islamic empire preserved _____.
classical greek texts.
Muhammad was very open to the idea of ____, he encouraged his followers to seek it.
The Muslim house of worship.
a special niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction if Mecca.
a stepped pulpit in mosque
The fall of Constantinople
A tall, slender tower usually attached to a mosque and surrounded by a balcony from which the muezzin summons Muslims to prayer.
"crier" calls the the hours of Muslim prayer five times a day.
Christianity was an ___________.
alternative to secular rational values.
Why would Christians be persecuted?
- 1. refusal to worship emperor
- 2. refusal to serve in the army.
Buddha's real name is _____.
destined for enlightenment
Buddha's teachings: The four noble truths:
1. pain is universal
- 2. desire causes pain
- 3. ceasing to desire relieves pain, and
- 4. right conduct leads to release from pain.
The Eightfold Path:
- 1. accepting the four noble truths as a fact
- 2. right intention
- 3. right speech
- 4. right action
- 5. right livlihood
- 6. right effort
- 7. right mindfulness
- 8. right concentration
In the eightfold path, the spokes of the wheels are the pure conduct, ___ is the uniformity of their length. ___ is the tire. ___ & ____ are the hubb. In the whole, the axil is the ____.
- Modesty & thoughtfulness
Application of the teachings:
- 1. rejection of ritual and vedic tradition
- 2. renunciation material wealth
- 3. belief that enlightenment is attainable by all.
- 4. Man has author of his own salvation.
- 5. Return of good for evil.
The two rules that Christ has:
- 1. love the Lord your God with all of your heart
- 2. Love your neighbor as yourself.
Paul wrote ___ to churches. His contribution: he ___. His message was ____.
- universalized Christ's message.
- Christ was the Messiah and he came to the Earth to serve humans, all you have to do is believe.
What is suffering, Why do we Suffer, and how do we prevent suffering?
Buddha was born a prince. Six years he lived as an ascetic.
bo- fig tree, where Buddha attains ___.
Buddha called his path the ___.
middle way, because it's not self indulgence nor self denial. He wrote nothing.
Similarities between Buddha and Christ:
- 1. ethical focus
- 2. worked as reforms of older established religion
- 3. as stories spread, they gathered tales of miraculous events.
- 4. taught that you need to renounce material wealth
- 5. taught the return good for evil.
lesser vehicle (buddha as man)
greater vehicle (buddha as deity)
BUDDHA IMAGE SYMBOLISM
cross-legged position (meditation)-____
mound on top of head- ____
long ear lobes-____
- princely nobility
- positions of higher hands
- burial mound-monument
- holds relics of Buddha or commemorations of teachings
Earth, Heaven, Universe
levels of human, conscious of enlightenment (top of dome)
aid to meditation, geometric, geometric symbols of universe.
sacred word sound formulas:
symbol of procreation
The ___ symbolizes the divinity of ___.
In 476 AD, the germanic general _____, deposes the last Roman emperor(Augustulus Romulus) in the ___.
___ &___ were the two last emperors.
Diocletian & Constantine (important to the rise of Christianity)
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