freud: gender identity fully established by what age?
freud's anal stage: how old?
enter at 18 months
kohlberg's development ages 1-3
does not understand religion or morality.
school age child - Erikson's theory?
industry vs. inferiority: success in personal/social tasks
more flexible thinking, can perform mental operations, can take another person's perspective, mastering conservation
school age child - Piaget
what age does a child believe an act is wrong due to punishment?
school age (7-12). Kohlberg
forming self-concept & identity, aware of body image, sexuality. acquiring abstract reasoning
adolescence - Erikson
older adolescents spiritual development?
becoming more abstract. figuring out own identity
intiative vs guilt?
Erikson - accomplishment of tasks and goals
trust vs mistrust what age?
autonomy vs shame & doubt what age?
intiative vs guilt what age?
industry vs inferiority what age?
identity vs role confusion what age?
child is toilet training. which stage of Erikson?
autonomy vs shame/doubt
initiative vs guilt...?
Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt. (preschool)
industry vs inferiority...?
entering school (new to the "industry"). ages 5 to 11. gain a sense of pride, develop confidence in their skills