Card Set Information
Clinical patho quiz
What are the causes of cellular injury?
Direct physical action
Toxic molecular injury
Inflammatory and immune reactions
What are some obstacles to normal repair?
Steroid drug use
Poor blood supply
What are the four classical signs of inflammation?
What are the 4 stages of repair of a broken bone?
1Hematoma (blood-filled swelling) is formed
2Break is splinted by fibrocartilage to form a callus
3Fibrocartilage callus is replaced by a bony callus
4Bony callus is remodeled to form a permanent patch
What are complications of a fracture?
What are the 3 most common sites of a non-union fracture?
Scaphoid, talus, and 5th metatarsal
What are the four goals of osteoarthritis treatment?
1.to control pain
2.to improve joint function
3.to maintain normal body weight
4.to achieve a healthy lifestyle
What is the treatment of OA?
rest and relief from stress on joints
nondrug pain relief techniques
medications to control pain
complementary and alternative therapies
What are the methods of diagnosing OA?
*No single test can diagnose osteoarthritis*
Magnetic resonance imaging
Blood tests to rule out other causes of symptoms
What is gout?
A painful condition that occurs when the bodily waste product uric acid is deposited as needle-like crystals in the joints and/or soft tissues.
In the joints, these uric acid crystals cause inflammatory arthritis, which in turn leads to intermittent swelling, redness, heat, pain, and stiffness in the joints.
What risk factors are associated with osteoporosis?
Body size (small thin boned)
Ethnicity (caucasian & asian)
Sex hormone levels
Calcium and Vitamin D intake
Medication Use (Long-term glucocorticoids)
What is the treatment for osteoporosis?
Proper Nutrition (Calcium and Vitamin D)
Exercise (Improves bone health & Increases surrounding muscular stability)
Safety Issues to Prevent Falls
What are the contraindications for osteoporosis?
AVOID FLEXION EXERCISES
Be careful of shearing or rotational activities
What is the PT intervention for osteoporosis?
The importance of low impact
Teach fall prevention