hist lecture 2

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apodkul
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174797
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hist lecture 2
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2012-10-01 18:11:49
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  1. pelikan quote
    "history is usually dictated by the victors"
  2. Gnosis, gnosticism, gnostic (broader and narrower)
    • gnosis - knowledge, act of knowing 
    • gnosticism - understandings of christian which understand knowledge as salvific 
    • gnostic broad - Christian religious movements emphasizing gnosis
    • narrow - gnostic, self-given name of individual Christian - originally respectable, but later pejorative 
  3. pelikan - what is gnosticism?
    may be defined as a system which taught cosmic redemption of spirit through knowledge 
  4. roots of gnosticism 
    • judaism 
    • persian - zoroastrian 
    • hellenistic theology/philosophy 
  5. 4 gnostic leaders
    • simon magus
    • basilides (130-150)
    • valentinus (140-160)
    • heracleon 
  6. main teachings of valentinus 
    • a school of interpretation within the church 
    • necessity for gnosis (Scripture important) 
    • allegorical interpretation of Scripture (borrowing from plato)
    • dualistic world view (absolute dualism, 2 coequal principles) (mitigated dualism (evil found within the divine itself) 
    • creation myth 
    • anthropology - main is rational actor
    • soteriology - redemption through knowledge/revelation - required ascetic life 
  7. positive influences on Christianity 
    • emenations to explain trinitarian relationship 
    • hypostasis - later incorporated
    • 1st systematic exegetes of Scripture 
    • forced re-interpretation of traditional texts 
    • forced new readings of OT texts
    • Christianity put limits of allegorical interpretation
    • new level of Christian philosophy 
  8. MARCION BIOGRAPHY
    • 135-140 in Rome 
    • 144 excommunicated 
    • justin martyr said still active in 150 
    • dies in 154-160 
  9. marcion ecclesiology
    • apostles apostacized, 
    • own scriptures (puriifed Luke, paul, and dropped O.T.) 
    • literal interpretation 
  10. arguments of marcion 
    • paul was only legitimate apostle 
    • faith works of law 
    • creator God (just) / Jesus God (loving) 
    • says messiah of OT is not Christ 
    • modalist from the father, docetic 
    • material body is bad 
  11. significance for Christian thought
    • i. stimulated appeal for canon 
    • ii. development of pauline theoloy 
    • iii. stimulated reflection on trinitarian relations between God the Father and Jesus Christ 
    • question of orogin of evil 
    • humanity of Christ 
  12. origins of montanism 
    montanus - all prophets, 2 female - claimed new revelation from God - effort to shape Church - opposed on all in church that took on permanent place 
  13. teachings of montanism 
    • apocalyptic coming of Jesus 
    • christian moralism 
    • spirit: 1) paracelte fulfilled in montanus 'i am paracelete' 
    • 2) content was ethical 
    • 3) gifts of spirit absent from church due to morality..
  14. significance of montanism 
    • a) need for fixed dogma and creed -> canon 
    • b) apostles pushed second coming until later 
    • c) no new revelations 
    • d) new understanding of holy spirit 
  15. PELIKAN ON MONTANISM
    • altered conception of activity of the HOly Spirit that had figured prominently in earlier history. doesn't look to future or present, but to the past: 
    • 1) apostolic canon
    • 2) apostolic creed
    • 3) apostolic episcopate

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