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the series of events that unfold in a work of fiction
action or plot
the process by which a writer makes a character seem real
when the author tells the reader about a character
when the author shows the reader the character's qualities through dialogue (talking), actions, and descriptions
language that appeals to the senses, creating mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions
example:A host of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
language that goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings
there are seven types: similes, metaphors, imagery, hyperbole, personification, alliteration
use of extreme exaggeration
example:You snore louder than a freight train.
a contract between appearance and reality or between what is expected and what actually happens
direct comparison of two unlike things WITHOUT the use of "like" or "as"
example: you are a couch potato
the overall feeling in a literary work - this may change over the course of the piece
giving human qualities to nonhuman things
example: the sun played hide and seek with the clouds
the perspective from which a story is told
point of view
when the narrator participates in the action, uses "I" and "we" to tell the story
the narrative is restricted to the thoughts and feelings of this character
first person point of view
the narrator is "you" - rarely used because of awkwardness
second person point of view
the narrator does not participate in the action - uses "he", "she" or "they" to tell the story
third person point of view
when the third person narrator does not see into the minds of any of the characters so cannot report any of their thoughts or feelings - can only do so through dialogue and actions
when the third person narrator can see into the minds of the characters and can report their thoughts and feelings
called "limited" when this knowledge is limited to only certain characters
omniscient (om-NISH-ent) or limited omniscient
the underlying message, usually about life or society
the author's attitude toward the subject and/or the audience
the time(s) or place(s) where a story unfolds
includes geographic, historic, physical, religious, economic, philosophical, and psychological landscape
comparious of two unlike things, using the word "like" or "as"
example: busy as a bee
the way the author organizes words, sentences, and paragraphs
use of somthing visible and concrete, to represent something invisible or abstract
example: eagle = America
the way the author chooses to write
includes diction, structure, point of view, figurative language, irony, etc.