Literary terms

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Literary terms
2012-10-01 20:48:49
9th grade literature

literary terms for fiction unit
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  1. the series of events that unfold in a work of fiction
    action or plot
  2. the process by which a writer makes a character seem real
  3. when the author tells the reader about a character
    direct characterization
  4. when the author shows the reader the character's qualities through dialogue (talking), actions, and descriptions
    indirect characterization
  5. word choice
  6. language that appeals to the senses, creating mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions

    example:A host of golden daffodils;  Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
  7. language that goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings

    there are seven types:  similes, metaphors, imagery, hyperbole, personification, alliteration
    figurative language
  8. use of extreme exaggeration

    example:You snore louder than a freight train.
    hyperbole ("hy-PER-bo-lee")
  9. a contract between appearance and reality or between what is expected and what actually happens
  10. direct comparison of two unlike things WITHOUT the use of "like" or "as"

    example:  you are a couch potato
  11. the overall feeling in a literary work - this may change over the course of the piece
  12. giving human qualities to nonhuman things

    example:  the sun played hide and seek with the clouds
  13. the perspective from which a story is told
    point of view
  14. when the narrator participates in the action, uses "I" and "we" to tell the story

    the narrative is restricted to the thoughts and feelings of this character
    first person point of view
  15. the narrator is "you" - rarely used because of awkwardness
    second person point of view
  16. the narrator does not participate in the action  - uses "he", "she" or "they" to tell the story
    third person point of view
  17. when the third person narrator does not see into the minds of any of the characters so cannot report any of their thoughts or feelings - can only do so through dialogue and actions
    objective narrator
  18. when the third person narrator can see into the minds of the characters and can report their thoughts and feelings

    called "limited" when this knowledge is limited to only certain characters
    omniscient (om-NISH-ent) or limited omniscient
  19. the underlying message, usually about life or society
  20. the author's attitude toward the subject and/or the audience
  21. the time(s) or place(s) where a story unfolds

    includes geographic, historic, physical, religious, economic, philosophical, and psychological landscape
  22. comparious of two unlike things, using the word "like" or "as"

    example:  busy as a bee
    simile (SIM-a-lee)
  23. the way the author organizes words, sentences, and paragraphs
  24. use of somthing visible and concrete, to represent something invisible or abstract

    example:  eagle = America
  25. the way the author chooses to write

    includes diction, structure, point of view, figurative language, irony, etc.