Medieval Art (part 4)

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felara9614
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174861
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Medieval Art (part 4)
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2012-10-01 22:07:56
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Medieval Art (part 4)
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    • St. Denis
    • Era: Early Gothic, dedicated in 1144
    • Location: near Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • new west facade with sculptured portals
    • sexpartite ceiling
    • alternating support system
    • ribs between groin vaults
    • 4 modules long
    • apsidal chapels
    • groin vaulted chapels with pointed arches


    • Ambulatory of St. Denis
    • Era: Early Medieval, 1140-1144
    • Location: near Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • string of chapels with luminous windows
    • each vaulted ceiling has a division of 5
    • very skeletal
    • pointed arches
    • thicker rib between groin vaults
    • thinner columns
    • less wall, more ribs and columns
    • stained glass windows everywhere dematerialized the wall
    • Royal West Portals of Chartres Cathedral
    • Era: Early Gothic, 1145-1170
    • Location: Chartres, France
    • Techinques:
    • named for the figures on the jambs - kings and queens of France representing the ancestors of Christ
    • archivolts on right are allegories of the seven female liberal arts and their male champions - core of Medieval learning - true faith only achieved through gaining knowledge
    • 3 portals unite iconographically and visually
    • capitals are the scenes from the life of Christ and create one frieze
    • left tympanum - the ascension of Christ - Christ is in a mandorla flanked by angels
    • in archivolts are signs of the zodiac and months
    • central tympanum - second coming of Chirst, merciful image, salvation not damnation, surrounded by four evangelists and he sits on a lintel of the apostles
    • right tympanum - Christ enthroned with Theotokos
    • Jamb Statues of Chartres Cathedral
    • Era: Early Gothic
    • Location: Chartres, France
    • Techniques:
    • Old Testament kings and queens support all the New Testament figures above them
    • wearing 12th century clothing
    • royalty of France
    • they carry symbols of secular and biblical authority
    • figures are columner, attached to columns not caryotids
    • little sense of body contour
    • deeply undercut folds
    • irregularly of folds - used real models to sculpt from and done by different artist maybe
    • highly stylized faces with fixed gazes
    • Romanesque elongated proportions echos the column behind them
    • pedestals differ
    • figures in capitals are squat
    • represents the concept of trying to enter the viewers space, emerging from the plane and creating a new sense of naturalism
    • kindly human features
    • more specific portraiture of individuals
    • Laon Cathedral
    • Era: Early Gothic, 1160-1200
    • Location: Laon, France
    • Techniques:
    • rose window
    • deep porches
    • pen structured towers
    • framed voids in walls
    • three registers on front facade
    • three large portals capped by gables
    • sexpartite ceiling
    • wider nave
    • buttressing
    • six ribs and vaulted gallery above the aisles-
    • nave arcade, vaulted gallery, triforium, and clerestory windows dematerialize the walls
    • clerestory windows have pointed arches - lancets
    • triforium is a blind arcade that projects a little from the wall, below clerestory windows
    • alternating support system, alternating compound (5) then simple (3) pier
    • 80ft tall inside
    • Laon Cathedral
    • Era: Early Gothic, 1160-1200
    • Location: Laon, France
    • Techniques:
    • rose window
    • deep porches
    • pen structured towers
    • framed voids in walls
    • three registers on front facade
    • three large portals capped by gables
    • sexpartite ceiling
    • wider nave
    • buttressing
    • six ribs and vaulted gallery above the aisles
    • nave arcade, vaulted gallery, triforium, and clerestory windows dematerialize the walls
    • clerestory windows have pointed arches - lancets
    • triforium is a blind arcade that projects a little from the wall, below clerestory windows
    • alternating support system, alternating compound (5) then simple (3) pier
    • 80ft tall inside
    • Laon Cathedral
    • Era: Early Gothic, 1160-1200
    • Location: Laon, France
    • Techniques:
    • rose window
    • deep porches
    • pen structured towers
    • framed voids in walls
    • three registers on front facade
    • three large portals capped by gables
    • sexpartite ceiling
    • wider nave
    • buttressing
    • six ribs and vaulted gallery above the aisles
    • nave arcade, vaulted gallery, triforium, and clerestory windows dematerialize the walls
    • clerestory windows have pointed arches - lancets
    • triforium is a blind arcade that projects a little from the wall, below clerestory windows
    • alternating support system, alternating compound (5) then simple (3) pier
    • 80ft tall inside
    • Notre Dame
    • Era: Early Gothic, 1215
    • Location: Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • 107ft tall inside
    • gables do not extend beyond their register
    • row of kings in between portals and rose window
    • sculpture of Mary in front or rose window
    • ballistrade of free-standing columnettes above rose windows that go all the way across the facade
    • flying buttresses added later- rose window on transept
    • Latin cross plan
    • 5 aisle church
    • groin vault in gallery
    • double flying buttresses strengthened the building
    • originally had 4 part elevation (nave, gallery, stained glass oculi, clerestory lancet) but remodeled to 3 part (reduced masonry and made bigger clerestories with two lancets and a rose windows)
    • sexpartite ceiling
    • Notre Dame
    • Era: Early Gothic, 1215
    • Location: Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • 107ft tall inside
    • gables do not extend beyond their register
    • row of kings in between portals and rose window
    • sculpture of Mary in front or rose window
    • ballistrade of free-standing columnettes above rose windows that go all the way across the facade
    • flying buttresses added later
    • rose window on transept
    • Latin cross plan
    • 5 aisle church
    • groin vault in gallery
    • double flying buttresses strengthened the building
    • originally had 4 part elevation (nave, gallery, stained glass oculi, clerestory lancet) but remodeled to 3 part (reduced masonry and made bigger clerestories with two lancets and a rose windows)
    • sexpartite ceiling


    • Notre Dame
    • Era: Early Gothic, 1215
    • Location: Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • 107ft tall inside
    • gables do not extend beyond their register
    • row of kings in between portals and rose window
    • sculpture of Mary in front or rose window
    • ballistrade of free-standing columnettes above rose windows that go all the way across the facade
    • flying buttresses added later
    • rose window on transept
    • Latin cross plan
    • 5 aisle church
    • groin vault in gallery
    • double flying buttresses strengthened the building
    • originally had 4 part elevation (nave, gallery, stained glass oculi, clerestory lancet) but remodeled to 3 part (reduced masonry and made bigger clerestories with two lancets and a rose windows)
    • sexpartite ceiling
    • Chartres Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1194
    • Location: Chartres, France
    • Techniques:
    • rectangular nave bays replace the square bays
    • alternating support system
    • nave is a vast continuous hall because the bays are so squeezed, unifying the ceiling
    • cathedral designed to have flying buttresses
    • 118ft tall
    • "bread and butter towers" French citizens gave up bread and butter to rebuild towers after the church burne
    • 4 part vault system
    • 3 part elevation, nave arcade, triforium, stained glass clerestory windows (double lancets crowned by an oculus)
    • Chartres Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1194
    • Location: Chartres, France
    • Techniques:
    • rectangular nave bays replace the square bays
    • alternating support system
    • nave is a vast continuous hall because the bays are so squeezed, unifying the ceiling
    • cathedral designed to have flying buttresses
    • 118ft tall
    • "bread and butter towers" French citizens gave up bread and butter to rebuild towers after the church burned
    • 4 part vault system
    • 3 part elevation, nave arcade, triforium, stained glass clerestory windows (double lancets crowned by an oculus)
    • Chartres Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1194
    • Location: Chartres, France
    • Techniques:
    • rectangular nave bays replace the square bays
    • alternating support system
    • nave is a vast continuous hall because the bays are so squeezed, unifying the ceiling
    • cathedral designed to have flying buttresses
    • 118ft tall
    • "bread and butter towers" French citizens gave up bread and butter to rebuild towers after the church burned
    • 4 part vault system
    • 3 part elevation, nave arcade, triforium, stained glass clerestory windows (double lancets crowned by an oculus)
    • Rose Window and Lancets of Chartres Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1220
    • Location: Chartres, France
    • Techniques:
    • 34 ft in diameter
    • royal motifs of yellow castles on red backgrounds
    • yellow fleur de lis
    • virgin and child enthroned in the middle
    • resembles cloisonne broach
    • intricate stone tracery holds glass in place
    • lead tracery separates tiny pieces- goal is to eliminate all masonry
    • four doves and eight angels around Mary
    • 12 square panels that contain images of the Old Testament kings
    • below are lancets of St. Ann and baby Mary flanked by more of Christs ancestors
    • St. Martin, St. Jerome, and St. Gregory
    • Era: High Gothic, 1220-1230
    • Location: Porch of the Confessors, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
    • Techniques:
    • south transept
    • Jerome links the people to the church
    • Martin symbolically stands for church, gaunt features
    • Gregory is lost in thought as he listens go the holy spirit on his shoulder
    • individuality in faces
    • less columner still standing on pedestals
    • pedestals are animals symbolically linked to them
    • play of the light and shadow on softer garments, realistic
    • no body contour, focus on fall of drapery
    • halos behind heads
    • canopies over heads

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