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What are the 4 subcategories of Nagi's disablement model?
Describe the subcategories
- 1)Pathology; MD diagnosis, occurring at the cellular level
- 2) Impairment; PT diagnosis, result of pathology, occurring at the organ, tissue or system level
- 3)Functional limitation; at the level of the whole person; pertains to functional tasks
- 4)Disability; limitation in performance of socially defined roles and tasks
What are the 4 dimensions of the ICF disablement model?
- 1.Body Structure and Function (anatomic parts; physiological functions)
- 2.Activities and Participation (execution of tasks; involvement in a life situation)
- 3. Personal Participation Factors
- 4. Environmental Factors (Physical, social, and attitudinal environment)
Define absolute poverty
Having conditions of inadequate shelter, poor nutrition, and an increased risk for delays or disabilities.
Define relative poverty
Describing those who can afford some basic necessities but are unable to maintain an average standard of living; individuals are at risk for compromised health and development.
What are the levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
- 1) (Top) Self actualization: realizing one's full potential
- 2) Esteem needs: Need to feel good about oneself and one's capabilities
- 3) Belongingness & love needs: Intimate relationships, friends
- 4) Safety needs: security, safety
- 5) (Bottom) Physiological needs: food, water, warmth, rest
- Basic needs must be met before moving up the hierarchy
What is the key element of the Dynamic Systems theory?
Behavior is the result of interaction between complex systems in accordance with control parameters and environmental tasks. *Motor control is the result of many systes; SNC is just one of the key subsystems mediating motor behavior*
What are control parameters? (dynamic systems theory)
Conditions that exist at any time of the task
What are environmental constraints? (dynamic systems theory)
Conditions that shape the motion; the nervous system component of the hierchical model is in this category
There are 4 cultural schemas; name and describe them.
- 1) Personal: Traits exhibited by individuals, interpreted differently by cultures
- 2) Self: Traits a person assigns to self
- 3) Role: Position or societal position
- 4) Event: What is expected to happen
There are two types of controls associated with the Dynamic systems theory; name and describe them.
- Emergent control: Task altered in many ways to meet current condition
- Anticipatory control: Task will be altered to meet conditions, occurs prior to the interaction with the environment