Medieval Art (part 5)

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felara9614
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174873
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Medieval Art (part 5)
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2012-10-02 18:03:28
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Medieval Art (part 5)
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    • Bourges Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1195-1255
    • Location: Bourges, France
    • Techniques:
    • 125ft tall
    • more structures out of buttressing, was for both design and structure
    • 5 aisle church
    • sexpartite vaults
    • chapels around exterior of apse
    • each subsequent aisle is lower and has a pointed arch
    • 4 part elevation
    • wider but shorter clerestory windows
    • Bourges Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1195-1255
    • Location: Bourges, France
    • Techniques:
    • 125ft tall
    • more structures out of buttressing, was for both design and structure
    • 5 aisle church
    • sexpartite vaults
    • chapels around exterior of apse
    • each subsequent aisle is lower and has a pointed arch
    • 4 part elevation
    • wider but shorter clerestory windows
    • Bourges Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1195-1255
    • Location: Bourges, France
    • Techniques:
    • 125ft tall
    • more structures out of buttressing, was for both design and structure
    • 5 aisle church
    • sexpartite vaults
    • chapels around exterior of apse
    • each subsequent aisle is lower and has a pointed arch
    • 4 part elevation
    • wider but shorter clerestory windows
    • Amiens Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1220-1236
    • Location: Amiens, France
    • Techniques:
    • 144ft tall
    • wider clerestory lancet windows
    • lancet windows in triforium
    • different architects
    • radiating chapels
    • elaborate gables that do not project beyond the registers
    • elegant and skeletal gables that dissolve the massive wall structure
    • towers added later
    • 5 aisle church with tiny transept
    • full maturity of a skeletal structure providing more lighting
    • so much lighting, vaults become less substantial
    • bundled columns
    • 4 paneled rib vaulting
    • Amiens Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1220-1236
    • Location: Amiens, France
    • Techniques:
    • 144ft tall
    • wider clerestory lancet windows
    • lancet windows in triforium
    • different architects
    • radiating chapels
    • elaborate gables that do not project beyond the registers
    • elegant and skeletal gables that dissolve the massive wall structure
    • towers added later
    • 5 aisle church with tiny transept
    • full maturity of a skeletal structure providing more lighting
    • so much lighting, vaults become less substantial
    • bundled columns
    • 4 paneled rib vaulting
    • Amiens Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1220-1236
    • Location: Amiens, France
    • Techniques:
    • 144ft tall
    • wider clerestory lancet windows
    • lancet windows in triforium
    • different architects
    • radiating chapels
    • elaborate gables that do not project beyond the registers
    • elegant and skeletal gables that dissolve the massive wall structure
    • towers added later
    • 5 aisle church with tiny transept
    • full maturity of a skeletal structure providing more lighting
    • so much lighting, vaults become less substantial
    • bundled columns
    • 4 paneled rib vaulting
    • Reims Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1225-1290
    • Location: Reims, France
    • Techniques:
    • 125ft tall
    • ornate frames and voids on facade
    • gallery of kings statues above rose window
    • openings flanking rose windows are elegant lancet voids, very long
    • pointed arch above rose window
    • pinnacles over the portals are more elaborate and more narrow
    • rose window is right above pinnacle
    • tympanums have stained glass windows
    • Annunciation and Visitation
    • Era: High Gothic
    • Location: Reims, Cathedral, France
    • Techniques:
    • annunciation (left)
    •    - Mary and St. Elizabeth with contraposta and fixed gazes
    •    - deeply undercut folds
    •    - detailed wing
    •    - high relief
    •    - wool garments that hang more naturally
    • visitation (right)
    •    - more classical
    •    - knees bend through garments
    •    - conversing through gestures
    • Mary's central role in Gothic iconography
    • Beauvais Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1247
    • Location: Beauvais, France
    • Techniques:
    • 157ft
    • vaults collapsed in 1284, nave is completely gone
    • element of veritcallity
    • narrow colonade
    • 3 part elevation
    •     - nave arcade had huge lancet arches
    •    - tiny triforium
    •    - huge lancet windows
    • sexpartate vaulted ceiling - created a floral effect that dematerialized the ceiling


    • Beauvais Cathedral
    • Era: High Gothic, 1247
    • Location: Beauvais, France
    • Techniques:
    • 157ft
    • vaults collapsed in 1284, nave is completely gone
    • element of veritcallity
    • narrow colonade
    • 3 part elevation
    •     - nave arcade had huge lancet arches
    •    - tiny triforium
    •    - huge lancet windowssexpartate vaulted ceiling - created a floral effect that dematerialized the ceiling
    • Rose Window of Notre Dame
    • Era: Rayonnant, 1240-1250
    • Location: Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • stone tracery outline
    • leaded stained glass
    • defracted light - Byzantine reflected light
    • color changes with the time of day
    • jewel-like stars that are glowing
    • virgin Mary in center
    • ring one are the prophets
    • ring two are 42 ancestors of Christ
    • outer right 32 high priests and patriarchs
    • blue is symbolic of heaven for Mary
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    • Sainte Chapelle
    • Era: Rayonnant, 1243-1248
    • Location: Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • 49ft (facade) or 60ft (interior) tall and 50ft wide
    • dissolved the walls by using mostly stained glass
    • no transept
    • rose window added later
    • house relics of the passion of Christ after the sixth crusade by Louis IX
    • meant to be a relicuary church (relicuary is usually a box, smaller church resembles a box)
    • 3/4 windows and 1/4 masonry
    • 6450 square feet surface area of stained glass
    • mullions - vertical stone bars that separate all the giant stone windows
    • mullions emphasize verticality of piece
    • rose-violet atmosphere
    • painted blue ceiling with gold stars
    • ribbed groin vaults
    • Sainte Chapelle
    • Era: Rayonnant, 1243-1248
    • Location: Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • 49ft (facade) or 60ft (interior) tall and 50ft wide
    • dissolved the walls by using mostly stained glass
    • no transept
    • rose window added later
    • house relics of the passion of Christ after the sixth crusade by Louis IX
    • meant to be a relicuary church (relicuary is usually a box, smaller church resembles a box)
    • 3/4 windows and 1/4 masonry
    • 6450 square feet surface area of stained glass
    • mullions - vertical stone bars that separate all the giant stone windows
    • mullions emphasize verticality of piece
    • rose-violet atmosphere
    • painted blue ceiling with gold stars
    • ribbed groin vaults
    • Virgin of Paris
    • Era: Late Gothic, early 4th century
    • Location: Notre Dame, Paris, France
    • Techniques:
    • wearing a heavy gem encrusted crown linking her too earth
    • anecdotal presentation, humanization
    • holds Christ delicately giving her a greater elegance
    • s-shaped curve to the body, decorative only
    • face too small for body
    • body is lost in deeply undercut folds
    • high play of light and shadow on garment
    • Salisbury Cathedral
    • Era: English Gothic, 1220-1258
    • Location: Salisbury, England
    • Techniques:
    • techniques from French Gothic style
    •    - lancet windows
    •    - blind arcades with pointed arches
    •    - statuary
    • park-like setting
    • facade is a squat screen in front of the nave
    • wider than it is tall
    • dwarf towers
    •    - focus on horizontal with many theirs of niches
    •    - blind arcades mostly, come are framed voids
    • focus on crossing tower
    • no flying buttresses
    • 3 small entrance portals, mimic arhces in horizontal tiers above
    • facade has 7 registers, forces eyes across the building not up
    • square apse
    • 3 part elevation with pointed arches and compound piers
    • columns go all the way from floor to ceiling
    • groins only come down to bottom of clerestories
    • purbeck marble, darker marble used for triforium moldings, and compound piers - emphasis on horizontal
    • 3 aisle church
    • 4 part groin vault
    • 2 transepts
    • Salisbury Cathedral
    • Era: English Gothic, 1220-1258
    • Location: Salisbury, England
    • Techniques:
    • techniques from French Gothic style
    •    - lancet windows
    •    - blind arcades with pointed arches
    •    - statuary
    • park-like setting
    • facade is a squat screen in front of the nave
    • wider than it is talldwarf towers
    •    - focus on horizontal with many theirs of niches
    •    - blind arcades mostly, come are framed voids
    • focus on crossing tower
    • no flying buttresses
    • 3 small entrance portals, mimic arhces in horizontal tiers above
    • facade has 7 registers, forces eyes across the building not up
    • square apse
    • 3 part elevation with pointed arches and compound piers
    • columns go all the way from floor to ceiling
    • groins only come down to bottom of clerestories
    • purbeck marble, darker marble used for triforium moldings, and compound piers - emphasis on horizontal
    • 3 aisle church
    • 4 part groin vault
    • 2 transepts

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