hist lecture 4

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apodkul
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174888
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hist lecture 4
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2012-10-01 22:56:21
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  1. origen biography
    • 185 - born in alexandria (born into prosperous christian family) 
    • 202-3, father martyred in persecution of severus 
    • 203 - appointed head of christian school after clement had gone to jerusalem 
    • 214 - well known outside of alexandria 
    • 215 expounded scripture before eastern bishop 
    • 219 - returns to alexandria - writes "on first principles and begins commentary on john" 
    • 229 - origen debates gnostic leader candidus 
    • 231-2 ordained presbyter at caesarea; censured by western bishops 
    • 249 - imprisoned and tortured 
    • 253-4 at tyre dies at age 69 
  2. relation to clement
    • knew clement - middle platonism 
    • O: refused to give philosophers huge place of honr
    • C: demonstratd compatability of philosophy and christianity; o: felt he didn't have to prove to pagan philosophies 
    • O: fierce detachment 
    • O: church of martyrs 
    • C: passive to authorities; O: outspoken and fearless to authorities 
  3. legacy Origen 
    • coherent and systematic threatment of the faith// first systematic theology 
    • defended christianity successfully against opponents
    • although platonist, he has optimistic view of salvation 
    • developed exegetical method 
    • critical for development of mysticism 
  4. On First Principles: First Christian systematic theology - NATURE and OUTLINE
    • nature: single body of doctrine
    • scripture of book: 
    • book 1: God; in godself - falling away from God - rational creatures in relation to God 
    • Book 2: world: mixture of spiritual and material 
    • book 3 free will and conflict between good and evil 
    • book 4 scripture 
  5. exegesis TABLE
    • sense - form - audience - purpose 
    • literal - scholia - scholars/opponents/congregations - clarify
    • moral - homilies - congregation - enkindle 
    • spiritual - commentaries - gnostics - enlighten 
  6. exegesis book 4 on first principles
    • levels 
    • necessity of figurative language 
    • principles determining impossibility of literal interpretation 
    • method 
    • reasons for pattern of concealment revelation in scripture
    • limits of piety
  7. theological system of exitus and reditus 
    • authority of church teaching 
    • basic principles of the journey (end is always beginning) 
    • christology 
    • triad
    • anthropology 
  8. christian life of clement
    • prayer
    • resurrection
    • ecclesiology
    • sacraments 
  9. canons against origen 
    • 1. anathema against pre-existent soul for men 
    • 2. soul of lord pre-existent 
    • 3. punishment of demons and of impious men temporary 

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