Describe briefly the event on Mt. Carmel that showed Yahweh's superiority over Baal.
The prophets of Baal and Asherah were to gather on Mt. Carmel with Elijah before the people of Israel. Elijah wanted the people to decide whom they would follow, Yahweh or Baal, so he challenged the prophets of Baal to a contest. The prophets of Baal and Elijah were both to prepare a bull for sacrifice but not lay a fire under it. The God who then answered by fire would be acknowledged as the true God. The prophets of Baal went first, but by day's end Baal hadn't answered, even though they cut themselves with knives and lances until the blood gushed forth. Elijah followed by first repairing the broken altar of Yahweh and then digging a trench around it. He had water poured on the bull and the wood three separate times so that the water ran all around the altar and into the trench. He added more water so that the trench completely filled. At the time of the evening sacrifice, Elijah called upon Yahweh, and fire fell and consumed the sacrifice, the wood, the stones and dust, and all the water in the trench. See 1 Kings 18:20-38.