Infant/Toddler Test 1
Card Set Information
Infant/Toddler Test 1
fetal development risk factors parent infant bonding
fetal development, risk factors, parent-infant bonding
This stage occurs during the first two weeks of conception as the zygote moves through the fallopian tubes and attaches to uternine wall.
The zygote is made of two cells:
Trophoblast (outer cell) and Blastocyst (inner cell)
This fetal stage begins at two weeks and extends to the 8th week
At 2 weeks, the embryo attaches to the uterus and consists of 2 types of cells:
Endoderm (inner layer/digestive tract) and
Ectoderm (outer layer/skin, hair, nervous system)
3 weeks after conception, the embryo develops this layer between the ectoderm and endoderm:
Mesoderm (skeleton, muscles)
These supporting membranes develop during the embryonic period:
Amnion, placenta, umbilical cord
Primitive heart pumps blood, eyes start to appear, spine forms, parts of brain develop, and limb buds are visible at this stage of fetal development:
At this stage, the embryo can be seen by ultrasound and the skeleton is recognizable
6 1/2 weeks
At this stage, movement can first be
7 1/2 weeks
At this stage, the embryo is sensitive to touch, has hiccups, slow genreral movement and quick startle movements:
When does the fetal stage begin?
At this fetal stage, breathing movements and jaw opening/stretching may be observed
10-10 1/2 weeks
Yawning, rythmic sucking and swallowing is observed at this stage
Fetus can kick, turn its limbs and head, open mouth, swallow and make a fist. External sex organs are visible, the fetus is 3 in long and weighs 1 ounce.
12 weeks (3rd month after conception)
Brain tissue can be damaged during this time period in utero:
When can you do an amniocentesis?
At what stage can the mother
fetus' movement for the first time?
When does the fetus become covered in the vernix casiosa (protects skin during long immersion in amniotic fluid)?
5th month after conception (20 weeks)
When does the fetus develop lanugo (fine hair covering the body)
5th month after conception
At this stage, the eyes and eyelids are completely formed; the fetus moves and sleeps at regular intervals
6th month after conception
At this stage, the fetus can hear sounds
25-28 weeks (end of 2nd trimester/beginning of 3rd trimester)
At this stage, the fetus has reached the age of viability
At this stage, the fetus gains weight and biological functions are refined
at this stage, the fetus is sensitive to light, touch, and sound
At this infant stage, the reflexive unlar grasp develops
At this infant stage, mouthing of fingers and mutual fingering is present
At this infant stage, there is a primitive squeeze without palm or thumb involvement
At this infant stage, palmar or squeeze grasp is present but still without thumb involvement. Eyes and hands combine for grasp
At this infant stage, whole hand grasp develops, infant can transfer object from one hand to another
At this stage, inferior scissors grasp develops
At this infant stage, the radial-digital grasp develops
At this infant stage, the inferior pincer graso develops and the beginning of voluntary release.
At this infant stage, the neat pincer grasp with slight extension of the wrist develops
At this infant stage, superior-forefinger grasp develops, with wrist extended and deviated to ulnar side; smooth release for large objects and awkward for small objects
What does APGAR stands for?
Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration
Each category worth 2 pts for a total of 10
Asymmetrical tonic neck reflec occurs when?
Symmetric tonic neck reflex occurs when?
Tonic labyrinthine reflex occurs when?
Startle reflex occurs when?
Rooting develops when?
Sucking develops when?
Suck-Swallow reflex develops when?
Gag reflex occurs when?
Bite reflex occurs when?
What are the abnormal oral movements of an infatnt?
Jaw thrusting, lip pursing, lip retraction, tongue retraction, tongue thrust, and tonic biting
These are examples of what kind of syndrome: Cornelia de Lange and Prader-Willi
Which syndrome is neurological?
Down Syndrome, Cri du Chat, Turner, and Williams Syndromes are all types of ?
Pierre-Robin is what kind of syndrome?
Polygenetic Mulitfactorial Syndrome
Hunter Syndrome & Tay-Sachs are what kind of syndromes?
Apert, CHARGE, Noonan, Sotos, Stickler, Treacher-Collins, & Waardenburg are all types of what?
Usher, Laurence-Moon, Riley-Day, Jervell and Lange-Nielson, Cockayne, and Bardet-Biedl are all types of?
Autosomal Recessive Syndromes