Medieval Art (part 6)

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felara9614
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175108
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Medieval Art (part 6)
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2012-10-02 18:57:58
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Medieval Art (part 6)
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    • Salisbury Cathedral
    • Era: English Gothic, 1220-1258
    • Location: Salisbury, England
    • Techniques:
    • techniques from French Gothic style
    •    - lancet windows
    •    - blind arcades with pointed arches
    •    - statuary
    • park-like setting
    • facade is a squat screen in front of the nave
    • wider than it is tall
    • dwarf towers
    •    - focus on horizontal with many theirs of niches
    •    - blind arcades mostly, come are framed voids
    • focus on crossing tower
    • no flying buttresses
    • 3 small entrance portals, mimic arhces in horizontal tiers above
    • facade has 7 registers, forces eyes across the building not up
    • square apse
    • 3 part elevation with pointed arches and compound piers
    • columns go all the way from floor to ceiling
    • groins only come down to bottom of clerestories
    • purbeck marble, darker marble used for triforium moldings, and compound piers - emphasis on horizontal
    • 3 aisle church
    • 4 part groin vault
    • 2 transepts
    • Choir of Gloucester Cathedral
    • Era: English Gothic, 1332-1357
    • Location: Gloucester, England
    • Techniques:
    • perpendicular or Tudor style
    • stone webbing filled with ribs on top of ribs that creates a lace-like design on the ceiling
    • intricately decorated groin vaults
    • draws eyes up, verticality
    • meant to dematerialize the wall
    • ceiling ties into to stained glass window
    • window emphasizes flat end of apse and mimic exterior facade
    • horizontal registers
    • large lancet windows
    • Chapel of Henry VII
    • Artists: Robert and William Vertue
    • Era: English Gothic, 1503-1519
    • Location: Westminister Abbey, London, England
    • Techniques:
    • groin vaults covered in fan-like design
    • ribbings creating embroidery
    • pendants hang off of each fan
    • looks like stalictights
    • carved out of stone by hand
    • dematerialize the ceiling
    • windows larger to make ceiling seem more delicate
    • Choir of Cologne Cathedral
    • Era: German Gothic, 1248-1880
    • Location: Cologne, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • interior rib vaults
    • buttressing done with heavy extensions
    • heavy masonry
    • middle of city
    • 150ft
    • tall, narrow choir
    • double lancets in triforium
    • small slender single windows in clerestory
    • ribbed four part vaulted ceiling
    • emphasis on vertical
    • 422ft long nave
    • 3 aisle church
    • Choir of Cologne Cathedral
    • Era: German Gothic, 1248-1880
    • Location: Cologne, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • interior rib vaults
    • buttressing done with heavy extensions
    • heavy masonry
    • middle of city
    • 150ft
    • tall, narrow choir
    • double lancets in triforiusmall slender single windows in clerestory
    • ribbed, four part vaulted ceiling
    • emphasis on vertical
    • 422ft long nave
    • 3 aisle church
    • St. Elizabeth
    • Era: German Gothic, 1235-1283
    • Location: Marburg, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • called "hallenkirche" means hall church
    • aisles are same height as nave
    • no clerestory windows
    • windows are in aisle
    • rib vaults are pointed arhces
    • tall lancet windows
    • facade has two spire capped towers in French Gothic style
    • no tracery, arcades, or portal sculpture on facade
    • no flying buttresses
    • rounded transept
    • free flowing, less narrow and divided then French Gothic
    • St. Elizabeth
    • Era: German Gothic, 1235-1283
    • Location: Marburg, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • called "hallenkirche" means hall church
    • aisles are same height as nave
    • no clerestory windows
    • windows are in aisle
    • rib vaults are pointed arhces
    • tall lancet windows
    • facade has two spire capped towers in French Gothic style
    • no tracery, arcades, or portal sculpture on facade
    • no flying buttresses
    • rounded transept
    • free flowing, less narrow and divided then French Gothic
    • St. Elizabeth
    • Era: German Gothic, 1235-1283
    • Location: Marburg, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • called "hallenkirche" means hall church
    • aisles are same height as nave
    • no clerestory windows
    • windows are in aisle
    • rib vaults are pointed arhces
    • tall lancet windows
    • facade has two spire capped towers in French Gothic style
    • no tracery, arcades, or portal sculpture on facade
    • no flying buttresses
    • rounded transept
    • free flowing, less narrow and divided then French Gothic
    • Death of the Virgin
    • Era: German Gothic, 1230
    • Location: Strasbourg Cathedral, France
    • Techniques:
    • surrounded by 12 apostles
    • create an arch of mourners that fit perfectly in semicircular niche
    • Christ holds doll-like figure, Mary's soul
    • Mary Magdalene is in front of bed
    • portrays emotion through gestures
    • varying emotions among figures
    • humanized and natural
    • deeply undercut fold
    • intensity through play of light and shadow
    • recession into space is off, mourners are squeezed - shortened heads and squat bodies
    • confused space
    • Ekkehard and Uta
    • Era: German Gothic, 1249-1255
    • Location: Naumburg Cathedral, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • inside cathedral
    • quiet and solemn figures
    • individualized features and personalities
    • people died 200 years before the sculpture
    • Ekkehard is an intense and stout knight
    • Uta is beautiful and aloof and has a graceful gesture
    • soft folds of drapery
    • very advanced sense of body contour, garment and body are not one
    • accurate fall of drapery
    • paint gives them more realism
    • they have canopies, royal factor
    • Bamberg Rider
    • Era: German Gothic, 1235-1240
    • Location: Bamberg Cathedral, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • indoor sculpture mounted against a pier underneath an architectural canopy
    • German emperor, benefactor of cathedral
    • careful detail of high saddle and horse trappings- proportions of horse to rider is correct-
    • tifly stylized
    • anatomy of horse is inaccurate
    • slight motion implies his impatience with his placement, awkward being next to a pier, he is dwarfed by it
    • Rottgen Pieta (Virgin with the Dead Christ)
    • Era: German Gothic, 1300-1325
    • Location: Rhineland, Germany
    • Techniques:
    • closer to a religious icon
    • people are more aware of suffering due to Black Death
    • seek comfort and reassurance in Mary who is sharing in humanity's sorrow
    • emphasis on traits of human suffering by exaggeration
    • Christ is stunted
    •    - distorted human wreck
    •    - stiffened body
    •    - covered in streams of blood
    • Mary is the image of maternal anguish
    •    - oversized head that is twisted in the expression of unbearable grief
    • forcibly confront the faithful with the icon of agony death and sorrow
    • "what is your suffering compared to this?"
    • West Facade of Orvieto Cathedral
    • Artist: Lorenzo Maitani
    • Era: Italian Gothic, 1310
    • Techniques:
    • French Gothic influence
    •    - pointed gables over three portals
    •    - rose window framed by statues and niches
    •    - four large pinnacles that divide the facade into large bays
    • pinnacles are minitaure sunstitues for bell towers
    • covers basilica built in Romanesque style
    • center gable extends into next register
    • rose window inside concentric squares
    • described as a screen or an altar piece
    • timber roof inside and two story elevation
    • Florence Cathedral
    • Era: Italian Gothic, 1296-1436
    • Location: Florence, Italy
    • Techniques:
    • two toned stone on exterior creates geometric patterning and dematerializes the building
    • horizontal emphasis with red roof line
    • cornices across wall
    • facade has gables
    • domes around apse
    • no buttresses or cleretory windows
    • interior
    •    - white washed walls
    •    - two colored stone
    •    - Gothic pointed arch but not as narrow and pointed
    •    - dome has small windows repeated in nave walls
    •    - elaborate mosaic floor
    •    - ribbed vaults
    • Florence Cathedral
    • Era: Italian Gothic, 1296-1436
    • Location: Florence, Italy
    • Techniques:
    • two toned stone on exterior creates geometric patterning and dematerializes the building
    • horizontal emphasis with red roof line
    • cornices across wall
    • facade has gables
    • domes around apse
    • no buttresses or cleretory windows
    • interior
    •    - white washed walls
    •    - two colored stone
    •    - Gothic pointed arch but not as narrow and pointed
    •    - dome has small windows repeated in nave walls
    •    - elaborate mosaic floor
    •    - ribbed vaults
    • Doge's Palace
    • Era: Italian Gothic, 1340-1345
    • Location: Venice, Italy
    • Techniques:
    • Venetian republic seat of government
    • most ornate public building in medieval Italy
    • first level
    •    - short heavy columns that support very severely pointed arhces
    •    - had to be stout to look like it holds up rest of the building
    • second level
    •    - doubled rhythm colonade
    •    - ogee arches - flame like tip
    •    - inbetween medallions pierced with quatrofoils
    • top level
    •    - solid wall pierced by large windows
    •    - tow toned stones
    • each story is taller than the one beneath
    • does not look top heavy, looks paper thin
    • floats between air and water
    • Milan Cathedral
    • Era: Italian Gothic, 1386
    • Location: Milan, Italy
    • Techniques:
    • wider that is is tall
    • French Gothic influence
    •    - pinnacles
    •    - elaborate tracery
    • double pinnacles
    • more detailed
    • confused mixture of late Gothic and classicizing Renaissance elements
    • pinnacles go all the way down buttresses

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