lecture 3

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Anonymous
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175154
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lecture 3
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2012-10-02 21:56:12
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hist
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  1. biography of clement of alexandria 
    • 150 in athens - educated in rhetoric and literature 
    • to alexandria, where converted to Christianity 
    • 180 succeeds pantaenus a Christian stoic philosopher 
    • Goal: bring in educated classes into church
  2. Works of clement of alexandria
    • paedagogus - teacher 
    • protrepticus - exhortation to the pagans 
    • stromata - type of fragmentary, philosophical writings - "on marriage" "on spiritual perfection"
  3. historical/political context
    • 1. severan dynasty (193-235) - great prosperity 
    • 2. 202 perseuctions in north africa - martyrdom of perpetua and felicitas 
    • 202 - clement leaves alexandria and goes to Jerusalem 
  4. clement's alexandrian context
    • 1. obscurantism v. christian gnosticism 
    • 2. mediating theology 
    • 3. faith and reason 
    • 4. clement's church: still loose confederation of Christian households
  5. clement/gnosticism sympathies
    • 1. likes gnostic term
    • 2. platonic idea of pre-existent soul 
    • 3. secret knowledge 
    • 4. emphasis on journey of soul 
    • 5. anti-docetic 
  6. clement/gnosticism divergences 
    • 1. rejects dualism 
    • 2. rejects dismissal of baptismal confession 
    • 3. rejects pessimistic view of human freewill 
    • 4. rejects gnostic docetism 
    • 5. rejects view of christainity as religion of discontinuity 
  7. Theological foundation: Creation fundamental doctrien
    • 1. creation is image of God's providence 
    • 2. creation as ground of redemption 
    • 3. Creation as Ground of virtuous life 
  8. theological foundation: God
    • 1. god as one and transcendent 
    • 2. creator 
    • 3. apophasis 
    • 4. trinity: hierarchy of Three graded beings
  9. theological foundations: christ 
    • 1. as the intimate companion, the presence of God 
    • 2. Christ's presence and Christ's own perfection polishes or fine-tunes our own souls 
    • 3. christ as teacher of humankind not just the few - all humans 
  10. Christian morality: mediating position
    between licentiousness and hyper-ascetics 
  11. christian morality: morality as atunement 
    • habit or disposition of the virtuous osul 
    • harmony of body and soul 
  12. marriage as context for journey (3) 
    • 1. against extreme ascetisim and mystique of sexual continence 
    • 2. goodness as marriage and marriage relations (marriage as holy a life as celibacy) 
    • 3. death, not sexuality, is extreme affliction of fallen humanity 

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