Skeletal system

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toribloom
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175170
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Skeletal system
Updated:
2012-10-03 11:04:43
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skeletal system chapter
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skeletal system
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  1. How many bones in the axial skeleton?
    80
  2. What three bone regions are part of the axial?
    • skull
    • vertebral column
    • bony thorax
  3. ________ reabsorb and remodel forming bone.
    osteoclasts
  4. Increase in length of a long bone occurs by cartilaginous, ______ growth at the epiphyseal plate.
    interstitial
  5. Partial older osteons are referred to as _______ lamellae.
    concentric
  6. The narrow channels connecting neighboring lacunae are ______.

    Volkmann's canals
    canaliculi
    mesenchyme
    canaliculi
  7. How many cranial bones?
    8
  8. How many facial bones?
    14
  9. How many vertebrae are there?
    26
  10. Which bones articulate with the coronal suture?
    between parietal and frontal bone anteriorly.
  11. Which suture splits the parietal bones in half? 
    sagittal
  12. Which suture is found where the parietal bones meet the occipital bone?
    lambdoid
  13. The squamous suture is located where?
    where the parietal and temporal bones meet.
  14. Which bone is divided into the squamous, tympanic, mastoid and petrous regions?
    temporal
  15. Which bones form the orbits?
    frontal, sphenoid, zygomatic, maxilla, palatine, lacrimal, and ethmoid.
  16. What part of the sternum is most commonly fractured during CPR?
    zyphoid process
  17. Where is the occipital bone located?
    posterior of the head
  18. Which bone is the "butterfly" shaped?
    sphenoid
  19. The ethmoid bone is located?
    between the nasal cavity and the orbits
  20. Which two facial bones are unpaired?
    mandible and vomer
  21. Which bone does not articulate with any other bone?
    hyoid
  22. The pectoral girdle consists of the anterior ________ and the posterior ______.
    clavicle, scapulae
  23. The hip is formed by a pair of bones called the _____.
    coxal/os coxae
  24. What 3 bones form the bony pelvis?
    coxal, coccyx and sacrum
  25. What 3 parts form the coxal?
    ilium, ischium, pubis
  26. ESSAY! Female vs. male pelvis.
    • Female- tilted forward, true pelvis is broad, shallow.
    • Male- less tilt forward, adapted for support of heavier male build and stronger muscles, cavity is narrow and deep.
  27. Femur articulates with the ____ proximally and with the _____ and ________ distally.
    hip, tibia and fibula
  28. Tarsus articulates with the ___ and _______ superiorly and the ______ inferiorly.
    tibia, fibula, calcaneus
  29. what is scoliosis?
    A curve to the spine, (left/right)
  30. Which spinal curvature is nicknamed "hunchback" or convex curve?
    scoliosis
    kyphosis
    lordosis
    kyphosis
  31. Which spinal curvature is nicknamed "swayback" or associated with pregnant women (concave)?

    scoliosis
    kyphosis
    lordosis
    Lordosis
  32. How many true ribs, false ribs and floating ribs are there?
    • true-7
    • false-5
    • floating-2
  33. Name the carpal bones.
    • She - Scaphoid
    • Looks - Lunate
    • Too - Triquetrum
    • Pretty - Pisiform
    • now back to thumb side
    • Try - Trapezium
    • To - Trapezoid
    • Catch - Capitate
    • Her - Hamate
  34. Name the tarsals.
    • Cute 
    • Tillie 
    • Never
    • Could 
    • Cooperate
    • From the back forward
    • Calcaneus - heel bone
    • Talus - weight bearing bone
    • Navicular - boat shaped
    • Cuboidal
    • Cuneiforms (x 3) - medial, intermediate, lateral
  35. The femur is the only bone that has this major marking.

    condyles
    trochanter
    sesamoid
    trochanter
  36. What is the difference between an open and closed fracture?
    • Open- skin broken
    • Closed- skin unbroken
  37. Difference between complete and incomplete?
    • complete- bone broken in two or more peices.
    • incomplete- fracture only partway through the bone.
  38. Nondisplaced and displaced?
    • nondisplaced- still in correct position
    • displaced-out of alignment
  39. What is a comminuted fracture?
    bone broken into 3 or more pieces.
  40. Where does a colles fracture occur?
    distal end of the radius and ulna
  41. where does a pott fracture occur?
    distal end of the tibia, fibula or both
  42. Describe a linear and transverse fracture.
    • linear- parrallel to the long axis of the bone
    • transverse- perpendicular to long axis
  43. Compound and simple fractures?
    • compound- bone ends penetrate skin
    • simple- bone ends do not penetrate the skin
  44. What is a spiral fracture?
    ragged break, twisting
  45. depressed and compression fractures?
    • depressed- bone pressed inward-skull fracture
    • compression- crushed
  46. Greenstick fracture?q
    one side breaks other side bends, typical in children

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