Public Health agencies
Card Set Information
Public Health agencies
Major types of Agencies? (3)
1. Governmental= Public
3. Quasi-governmental= Hybrid Ex. Red cross
PH organization's scope? (4)
3. State/ regional/ Province
4. Local (city, county)
Funded? Managed? Authority?
Funded by Tax dollar
Managed by government officials
Authority for some geographic area=
Was on quiz.
Government agencies Levels & Ex.
3. CA Dept. of PH
4. LA county Dept. PH
WHO (Established, headquarters, purpose)
Attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health (mostly carried out in poor countries)(Prevent & Treat disease outbreaks)
EX. Polio, TB, HIV, Malaria
National Health Agencies (Example)
All countries have primary dept. responsible for health of citizens
Ex. US Dept. of Health & Human Services
AoA= Administration on Aging (purpose?)
Carry out provisions of the Older Americans Act of 1965
Social & nutritional services
ACF= Admin. for Children and Families (Purpose ?)
Responsible for providing direction and leadership for all federal programs for needy children and families.
Ex. Head Start Program
AHRQ= Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Purpose?)
Lead Federal agency for research (healthcare quality, cost, outcome, PT safety
ATSDR= Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (purpose)
Created by Superfund legisation
Prevent harmful exposures and diseases related to toxic substances
CDC= Center for Disease Control (purpose)
Health promotion, prevention, preparedness
global leader of PH
: Mortality & morbidity weekly report
FDA= Food and Drug Administration (Purpose)
Assures safety, efficacy & security of :
Humans & veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devicess.....
CMS= Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (purpose)
Administer medicare/-caid program (87mill. Americans)
HRSA= Health Resources and Services Administration
Help provide health resources for medically underserved populations.
IHS= Indian Health Services
Raise physical, mental, social, spirital health of American Indians and Alaskan Natives to highest level
SAMHSA= Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin.
Up to date info. and state of the art practice is effectively used for prevention and TX of addictive and mental disorders
NIH= National Institute of Health (on quiz)
One of the world's foremost medical Research centers and federal focal point for medical reseac.h
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
1. US Dept. of Agriculture --> WIC program
2.Occupational Safety and Health Admin. (OSHA)
3. Enviromental Protection Agency (EPA)
State Health Agencies?
Every state has a Dept. of health
Promote, protect and maintaing health and welfare of their citizens
Responsibilities of PH agencies (4)
Finance care for poor and chronically disabled
Reg. health care cost (insurance)
Quality Assurance (license facilities)
Training and standards for health professionals
Local Health Dept. (purpose)
Responsibility of City or County gov.
: Taxes, grants, fees
conduct services mandated by state laws (resturant inspections)
: 1. communicable diseases 2. Birth/Death certificates
School Health Programs (purpose)
Organized set of policies, procedures, activities to promote, protect, improve health of students and staff,--> improving students ability to learn
: inadequate funding, lack of support
some responsibilities assigned by gov. but operate more like voluntary agencies
Funded by taxes and private sources
Ex. American Red Cross, National Academy of Science
American Red Cross (Founded, Services)
1881, by Clara Barton
Provide relief to victims of natural disaster
Ex. non-gov. services: Blood drives, safety services, CPR training....
By private donation or membership fees
Free from gov. interferences as long as thy meet IRS guidelines
Voluntary Health Agencies (Purpose, Funding, Big 3)
To meet specific health need
: Research, education, services, advocacy
Funded by donations, fundraising events
: (ACS, AHA, ALA)
ACS, AHA, ALA
Can be for profit
Professional Health Associations
Promote high standard of professional practice
Ex. AMA, AAAOM, ACA, ICA.......
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation?
Provide grants to support programs
Service, Social, Religious Organizations
Most provide services and many sponsor health related programs
Ex. Burn centers, Food banks, Faith based projects and ministeries
Corporate America- workplace health and safety (Ex.)
: Health insurance, labor unions