TherEx Q1

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Author:
prestoncas
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175186
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TherEx Q1
Updated:
2012-10-02 23:34:15
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PTA221 TherEx Quiz
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Description:
Baker Flint PTA221 TherEx Quiz 1 Fall '12
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  1. Effective exercise intervention must take into account...
    • How Exercise affects tissue and body systems
    • A&P
    • Kinese
    • Patho
    • Behavioral Science
    • Motor Learning
  2. What is the ultimate goal of Therapeutic Exercise?
    Achieve optimal level of symptom free movement
  3. The definition of TherEx utilizes body movement, posture and physical activities to ...
    • Remediate or prevent impairment
    • Improve, restore or enhance physical function
    • Prevent or reduce health related risk factors
    • Optimize overall health status, fitness or well-being
  4. PAtient vs. Client
    • Patient has impairment & functional limitation diagnosed by a PT
    • Client is without diagnosed dysfunction but, engages in PT to promote health/wellness and prevent dysfunction
  5. Aspencts of physical function
    • Balance
    • Cardiopulmonary fitness
    • Coordination
    • Flexibility
    • Mobility
    • Muscle performance
    • Neuromuscular control
    • Posture and Equillibrium
    • Stability
  6. Physical function require the body to constantly....
    React, adapt & develop
  7. Absence of continuous force and physical stressors cause
    Degeneration, degradation and deformity
  8. Intervention is completed in a ....
    controlled, progressive and safe environment
  9. TherEx interventions impose physical force on ...
    • body systems
    • specific tissues
    • individual structures
  10. Types of TherEx Interventions
    • Aerobic Conditioning
    • Strength, Power & endurance
    • Stretching
    • Stabalizing Exercises
    • Postural control and balance
    • Relaxation
    • Breathing
  11. Things to consider for exercise safety
    • Prior fitness level
    • Patient's health history
    • Current Health status
    • Medication
    • Environment
  12. Must imform patient of ...
    • Symptoms of fatigue
    • relationship between fatigue and injury
    • importance of rest for recovery
  13. The disablement process ....
    impacts the functional consequesnces of acute or chronic conditions
  14. The 3 models of disablement were criticized for what?
    Not being person oriented so, WHO created ICF.
  15. ICF stands for?
    International classification of Function, disability and health
  16. ICF model components
    • Impairment of bosy strucutres and function
    • Activity limitation
    • Participation restriction
    • Impact of contextual factors on functioning, disability and health
  17. Disability definition
    Inability to perform or participate in activities related to one's self, home or work that is perceived to be normal.
  18. Prevention
    (definition)
    Reduction in the chance for disability
  19. 3 types of prevention
    • Primary - help prevent disease
    • Secondary - early diagnosis and reduction of severity
    • Tertiary - Use of rehab to reduce the degree or limit progression of existing disability
  20. Risk Factors
    (definiton)
    • Characteristics that predispose a person to the process of disablement
    • They exist prior to the onset
  21. Clinical Decision Making
    Reasoning or critical thinking that involves making judgemtns and determination in patient care
  22. Evidence based practice
    Conscientous, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making a decision about the care of an individual patient
  23. Process of evidence based practice
    • Identify patient problem and convert to specific question
    • Search literature and collect clinically relevant data
    • Analyze the evidence
    • Integrate
    • Incorporate
    • Assess the outcome
  24. Steps of PAtient management model
    • Examination
    • Evaluation
    • Diagnosis
    • prognosis of POC
  25. PTA Intervention
    • A purposeful interaction that directly relates to a patient's care and can include:
    • coordination, communication & documentation
    • procedural intervention
    • patient related instruction
  26. Functional outcomes must be:
    • Meaningful
    • Practical
    • Sustainable
  27. Discharge occurs when...
    Anticipated goals and expected outcomes have been attained
  28. Discontinuation occurs when ...
    ending service prior to meeting expected goals and outcomes
  29. Exercise instruction should be....
    • In place to facilitate learning
    • Focus on goals
    • Be based on patients learning style
  30. Types of motor tasks
    • discrete
    • serial
    • continuous
  31. Stages of motor learning
    • Cognitive
    • Associative
    • Autonomous
  32. Range of Motion
    Basic technique used for examination of movement and for initiating movement into a purposeful therapeutic intervention
  33. Types of ROM
    • AROM
    • AAROM
    • PROM
  34. Indications for PROM
    • Patient has acute, inflamed tissue
    • Patient is unable to or not supposed to move segment
  35. Goals of PROM
    • Maintain joint and connective tissue mobility
    • Prevent contractures
    • Maintain mechanical elasticity of muscle
    • Assist circulation and vascular dynamics
    • Enhance synovial movement
    • Decrease or inhibit pain
    • Assist with the healing process
    • Pumps blood
    • Help maintain the patient’s awareness of movement
  36. Indications for AROM
    • When a patient is able to actively contract the muscles
    • When a patient has weak muscles
    • For aerobic conditioning
    • To mobilize a segment above or below an immobilized region
  37. Precautions and contraindication to ROM exercises
    • Should not be done if movement will hinder healing
    • Should not be done if it is going to kill patient

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