Card Set Information
PTA221 TherEx Quiz
Baker Flint PTA221 TherEx Quiz 1 Fall '12
Effective exercise intervention must take into account...
How Exercise affects tissue and body systems
What is the ultimate goal of Therapeutic Exercise?
Achieve optimal level of symptom free movement
The definition of TherEx utilizes body movement, posture and physical activities to ...
Remediate or prevent impairment
Improve, restore or enhance physical function
Prevent or reduce health related risk factors
Optimize overall health status, fitness or well-being
PAtient vs. Client
Patient has impairment & functional limitation diagnosed by a PT
Client is without diagnosed dysfunction but, engages in PT to promote health/wellness and prevent dysfunction
Aspencts of physical function
Posture and Equillibrium
Physical function require the body to constantly....
React, adapt & develop
Absence of continuous force and physical stressors cause
Degeneration, degradation and deformity
Intervention is completed in a ....
controlled, progressive and safe environment
TherEx interventions impose physical force on ...
Types of TherEx Interventions
Strength, Power & endurance
Postural control and balance
Things to consider for exercise safety
Prior fitness level
Patient's health history
Current Health status
Must imform patient of ...
Symptoms of fatigue
relationship between fatigue and injury
importance of rest for recovery
The disablement process ....
impacts the functional consequesnces of acute or chronic conditions
The 3 models of disablement were criticized for what?
Not being person oriented so, WHO created ICF.
ICF stands for?
International classification of Function, disability and health
ICF model components
Impairment of bosy strucutres and function
Impact of contextual factors on functioning, disability and health
Inability to perform or participate in activities related to one's self, home or work that is perceived to be normal.
Reduction in the chance for disability
3 types of prevention
Primary - help prevent disease
Secondary - early diagnosis and reduction of severity
Tertiary - Use of rehab to reduce the degree or limit progression of existing disability
Characteristics that predispose a person to the process of disablement
They exist prior to the onset
Clinical Decision Making
Reasoning or critical thinking that involves making judgemtns and determination in patient care
Evidence based practice
Conscientous, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making a decision about the care of an individual patient
Process of evidence based practice
Identify patient problem and convert to specific question
Search literature and collect clinically relevant data
Analyze the evidence
Assess the outcome
Steps of PAtient management model
prognosis of POC
A purposeful interaction that directly relates to a patient's care and can include:
coordination, communication & documentation
patient related instruction
Functional outcomes must be:
Discharge occurs when...
Anticipated goals and expected outcomes have been attained
Discontinuation occurs when ...
ending service prior to meeting expected goals and outcomes
Exercise instruction should be....
In place to facilitate learning
Focus on goals
Be based on patients learning style
Types of motor tasks
Stages of motor learning
Range of Motion
Basic technique used for examination of movement and for initiating movement into a purposeful therapeutic intervention
Types of ROM
Indications for PROM
Patient has acute, inflamed tissue
Patient is unable to or not supposed to move segment
Goals of PROM
Maintain joint and connective tissue mobility
Maintain mechanical elasticity of muscle
Assist circulation and vascular dynamics
Enhance synovial movement
Decrease or inhibit pain
Assist with the healing process
Help maintain the patient’s awareness of movement
Indications for AROM
When a patient is able to actively contract the muscles
When a patient has weak muscles
For aerobic conditioning
To mobilize a segment above or below an immobilized region
Precautions and contraindication to ROM exercises
Should not be done if movement will hinder healing
Should not be done if it is going to kill patient