# Earth Science Unit 1 Flashcards

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 Author: artie325 ID: 175217 Filename: Earth Science Unit 1 Flashcards Updated: 2013-09-20 10:39:53 Tags: Unit Earth Science Folders: Description: What is science? Measurement, graphing Show Answers:

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1. What is the study of life?
Biology
2. What is the study of the chemical composition of a substance?
Chemistry
3. What type of relationship is shown in this graph?

Direct Relationship
4. Data of or information collected using one of your five senses.
Observation

5. The type of graph that has a repeatable, predictable pattern.
Cyclic relationship
6. What type of relationship is shown in this graph?

Inverse Relationship
7. A statement that summarizes a pattern in nature.
Law
8. What is the straight line distance between two points?
Length
9. 1 centimeter (cm) = ________ millimeters (mm)
10 millimeters
10. What unit would you use to measure the mass of a piece of quartz stone?
Grams
11. What unit would you use to measure the distance to the moon?
Kilometers
12. What is the formula for density?
Density = Mass/Distance
13. How do you find the volume of an irregular shaped object such as a rock?
Water Displacement using a graduated cylinder and a overflow can
14. What is a meniscus? How do you read it?
• A meniscus is the curve in a liquid in a graduated cylinder. Read to the bottom of the meniscus!
15. What is an educated guess based upon an observation?
Inference
16. Why do scientists use scientific notation?
To write numbers that are too big or too small to read and write.
17. What are the three phases of matter?
Solid, liquid and gas
18. The study of rocks and land forms.
Geology
19. What is the study of the universe beyond Earth, including the sun, moon, and stars?
Astronomy
20. Answer this question on a separate sheet of paper!

A student measures the mass of a rock which is 156g, but the actual mass is 195g. What is the percent deviation/error?
21. What does the prefix kilo mean?
1000
22. Answer this question on a separate sheet of paper.

What is the density of an object whose mass is 180g and volume is 60ml. Write the formula and use correct units in your answer!