Medical Terminology

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bowzbabi1
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175221
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Medical Terminology
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2012-10-13 11:10:13
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terminology
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med term meaning
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. arthr/o
    joint
  3. bi/o
    life
  4. carcin/o
    cancer, cancerous
  5. cardi/o
    heart
  6. cephal/o
    head
  7. cerebr/o
    cerebrum, largest part of the brain
  8. cyst/o
    urinary bladder, also a sac of fluid or a cyst
  9. cyt/o
    cell
  10. derm/o
    skin
  11. dermat/o
    skin
  12. electr/o
    electricity
  13. encephal/o
    brain
  14. enter/o
    intestines (often small intestines)
  15. erythr/o
    red
  16. gastr/o
    stomach
  17. gnos/o
    knowledge
  18. PLURAL: Words ending in 
    keep the a and add an e
  19. PLURAL: words ending in is 
    drop the 'is' and add 'es'
  20. PLURAL: words ending in ex or ix
    drop the ex or ix and add ices
  21. PLURAL: words ending in on
    drop the 'on' and add 'a'
  22. PLURAL: words ending in um
    drop the 'um' and add 'a'
  23. PLURAL: words ending in us
    drop thr 'us' and add 'i'
  24. gynec/o
    woman, female
  25. hem/o, hemat/o
    blood
  26. hepat/o
    liver
  27. lapar/o
    abdomen (area between the chest and hip)
  28. leuk/o
    white
  29. nephr/o
    kidney
  30. neur/o
    nerve
  31. onc/o
    tumor
  32. ophthalm/o, opt/o, optic/o
    eye
  33. oste/o
    bone
  34. path/o
    disease
  35. psych/o
    mind
  36. ren/o
    kidney
  37. rhin/o
    nose
  38. sarc/o
    flesh
  39. thromb/o
    clotting
  40. -al, -eal, -ar, -ary, -ic
    pertaining to
  41. -algia
    pain
  42. -cyte
    cell
  43. -ectomy
    cutting out; removal, excision
  44. -emia
    blotting condition
  45. -globin
    protein
  46. -gram
    record
  47. -ia
    condition
  48. -ic
    pertaining to
  49. -ism
    condition, process
  50. -itis
    imflammation
  51. -logist
    speciailist in the study of
  52. -logy
    study of
  53. -oma
    tumor,mass
  54. -opsy
    to view
  55. -osis
    abnormal condition
  56. -scope
    instrument to visually examine
  57. -scopy
    process of visual examination
  58. -sis
    state of
  59. -tomy
    process of cutting into, incision
  60. a-, an-
    no, not, without
  61. aut-
    self
  62. dia-
    complete, through
  63. dys- 
    bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
  64. endo-
    within, in, inner
  65. exo-
    outside
  66. hyper-
    excessive, more than normal, too much
  67. hypo-
    below, less than normal, under
  68. peri-
    surrounding
  69. pro-, pros
    before, forward
  70. re-, retro-
    back, behind
  71. tachy-
    fast
  72. sub-
    below, under
  73. trans-
    across, through
  74. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  75. anter/o
    front
  76. bronch/o
    bronchial tubes (leading from the windpipe to the lungs)
  77. cervic/o
    neck of the body or neck (CERVIX) of the uterus 
  78. chondr/o
    cartilage
  79. coccyg/o
    coccyx, tailbone
  80. crani/o
    skull
  81. epitheli/o
    skin, surface tissue
  82. esophag/o
    esophagus (tube from the throat tot he stomach)
  83. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  84. later/o
    side
  85. lumb/o
    loin (waist)
  86. lymph/o
    lymph (clear fluid in tissue spaces and lymph vessels)
  87. mediastin/o
    mediastinum (spaces between the lungs)
  88. pelv/o
    pelvis (bones of the hip)
  89. peritone/o
    peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdominal organs)
  90. pharyng/o
    pharynx (throat)
  91. pleur/o
    pleura
  92. poster/o
    back, behind
  93. sacr/o
    sacrum (five fused bones in the lower back)
  94. spin/o
    spine (backbone)
  95. thorac/o
    chest
  96. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  97. vertebr/o
    vertebra (bachbone)
  98. amni/o
    amnion (sac of fluid surrounding the embryo)
  99. angi- 
    vessel (usually a blood vessel)
  100. arteri/o
    artery
  101. ather/o
    plaque (a yellow, fatty meterial)
  102. axill/o 
    armpit (underarm)
  103. bronch/o, bronchi/o
    bronchial tube
  104. chem/o
    drug; also chemical
  105. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  106. chron/o
    time
  107. col/o
    colon (large intestine or bowel)
  108. cry/o
    cold
  109. hyster/o
    uterus
  110. inguin/o
    groin (area in which the thigh meets the trunk of the body)
  111. isch/o
    to hold back 
  112. mamm/o, mast/o
    breast
  113. men/o
    menses (menstruation); month 
  114. mening/o
    meninges ( membranes around the brain and spinal cord)
  115. my/o
    muscle
  116. myel/o
    spinal cord (nervous tissue connected to the brain, locates within the spinal column) 

    can also mean BONE MARROW (soft, inner part of bones, where blood cells are made)
  117. necr/o
    death (of cells)
  118. oophor/o
    ovary
  119. ot/o
    ear
  120. phleb/o
    vein
  121. pneumon/o, pulmon/o
    lung
  122. radi/o
    x-rays
  123. salping/o
    fallopian (uterine) tube
  124. sarc/o
    flesh
  125. septic/o
    pertaining to infection
  126. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  127. ur/o
    urine or urea (a waste material); urinary tract
  128. -emia
    blood condition
  129. -megaly
    enlargement
  130. -pathy
    disease conditon
  131. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  132. -rrhage or -rrhagia
    excessive discharge or blood
  133. -sclerosis
    hardening
  134. -centesis
    surgical puncture of remove fluid
  135. -graphy
    process of recording 
  136. -lysis
    separation, breakdown, desstruction
  137. -plasty
    surgical repair, or surgical correction 
  138. -stomy
    opening
  139. -therapy
    treatment
  140. an/o
    anus
  141. carp/o
    carpals (wrist bones)
  142. cis/o
    to cut
  143. cost/o
    ribs
  144. dur/o
    dura mater (outermost meningeal membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
  145. gen/o
    to produce, to being 
  146. glyc/o
    sugar
  147. nat/i
    birth
  148. norm/o 
    rule, order
  149. plas/o
    formation, growth, development
  150. scapul/o
    scapula ( shoulder blade)
  151. son/o
    sound 
  152. top/o
    to put, place, position
  153. troph/o
    development, nourishment
  154. ven/o
    vein
  155. -crine
    secretion
  156. -dipsia
    thrist
  157. -lapse
    to fall, slide
  158. -meter
    to measure
  159. -mission
    to send
  160. -partum
    birth
  161. -phagia
    eating
  162. -stasis
    to stand, place, stop, control 
  163. -tension
    pressure
  164. -tic
    pertaining to 
  165. -um
    structure
  166. -y
    process, condition
  167. ab-
    away from
  168. ad-
    toward, near
  169. ana-
    up, apart
  170. ante- 
    before, forward
  171. anti-
    against
  172. bi-
    two, both
  173. brady-
    slow
  174. con-
    with, together
  175. ec-
    out, outside
  176. epi-
    above, upon
  177. ex- 
    out
  178. extra- 
    outside of 
  179. hemi-
    half
  180. hypo-
    deficient, too little, below 
  181. in- 
    in, into
  182. inter-
    between
  183. intra-
    within
  184. mal-
    bad
  185. meta-
    change, beyond
  186. neo-
    new
  187. para-
    beside, near, along, the side of 
  188. quadri-
    four
  189. poly-
    many, much
  190. post-
    after, behind
  191. pre-
    before
  192. tri-
    three
  193. uni-
    one
  194. esthesi/o
    sensation
  195. ger/o
    old age
  196. iatr/o
    treatment
  197. obstetr/o
    midwife
  198. odont/o
    tooth
  199. orth/o
    straight
  200. ped/o
    child 
  201. aort/o
    aorta
  202. adren/o, adrenal/o,
    adrenal gland
  203. hypophys/o, pituitar/o
    pituitaty gland
  204. orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
    testis
  205. thym/o
    thymus gland
  206. thyroaden/o, thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  207. colp/o, vagin/o
    vagina
  208. o/o
    egg
  209. ten/o, tendin/o
    tendon
  210. cyan/o
    blue
  211. myring/o, tympan/o
    eardrum
  212. onych/o, ungu/o
    nail
  213. phak/o
    lens of the eye
  214. pil/o, trich/o
    hair
  215. The general meaning of "corpus" is

    (A) abdomen
    (B) body
    (C) chest
    (D) head
    (E) trunk
    b. body
  216. Which of the following is the term for an abnormally low white blood cell count?

    (A) Anemia
    (B) Leukemia
    (C) Leukocytosis
    (D) Leukopenia
    (E) Leukoplakia
    d. leukopenia
  217. An area of dead myocardial tissue is called

    (A) angina pectoris
    (B) hypertrophy
    (C) an induration
    (D) an infarct
    (E) stenosis
    d. an infarct
  218. The term "lithiasis" means

    (A) constriction of tissue
    (B) dissolving
    (C) abnormal condition of stones
    (D) penetrating a cavity
    (E) stretching of tissue
    c. abnormal condition of stones
  219. Menarche refers to which of the following?

    (A) Beginning of menstruation
    (B) Development of female characteristics
    (C) End of childhood
    (D) End of pregnancy
    (E) Primary infertility
    a. beginnging or menstruation
  220. Adipose tissue is made of which of the following?

    (A) Fat cells
    (B) Lymph nodes
    (C) Muscles
    (D) Skin
    (E) Tendons
    a. fat cells
  221. Which of the following terms refers to the ability to breathe comfortably only when in an upright position?


    (A) Apnea
    (B) Dyspnea
    (C) Eupnea
    (D) Hypercapnia
    (E) Orthopnea
    e. orthopnea
  222. Which of the following is the term for abnormally large breasts in men?

    (A) Gynander
    (B) Gynecomania
    (C) Gynecomastia
    (D) Gynephobia
    (E) Gynoplastics
    c. gynecomastia
  223. Which of the following terms means drainage from the nose?

    (A) Rhinolalia
    (B) Rhinomycosis
    (C) Rhinophyma
    (D) Rhinorrhaphy
    (E) Rhinorrhea
    e. rhinorrhea
  224. The prefix pertaining to fingernail is


    (A) odont-
    (B) olfact-
    (C) omphal-
    (D) onco-
    (E) onych-
    e. onych-
  225. Inflammation of a sweat gland is known as

    (A) colitis
    (B) fasciitis
    (C) hidradenitis
    (D) pimelitis
    (E) rhinitis
    c. hidradenitis
  226. The prefix meaning outside or outer is

    (A) ana-
    (B) dia-
    (C) epi-
    (D) exo-
    (E) peri-
    d. exo-
  227. The patient's complaint of painful menstrual periods will be documented in the medical record as

    (A) amenorrhea
    (B) dysmenorrhea
    (C) menorrhagia
    (D) menorrhea
    (E) metrorrhagia
    b. dysmenorrhea
  228. Which of the following suffixes refers to eating?

    (A) "phagia"
    (B) "phasia"
    (C) "phonia"
    (D) "plegia"
    (E) "praxia"
    a. phagia
  229. Which of the following is the definition for aphagia?


    (A) Extreme thirst
    (B) Inability to hear
    (C) Inability to swallow
    (D) Loss of hair
    (E) Pain free
    c. inability to swallow
  230. Which of the following suffixes means "incision into"?

    (A) -ectomy
    (B) -plasty
    (C) -scopy
    (D) -stomy
    (E) -tomy
    e. -tomy
  231. Which of the following is the CORRECT spelling for the plural of bronchus?

    (A) Bronchuses
    (B) Bronchii
    (C) Bronchi
    (D) Bronchae
    (E) Broncha
    c. bronchi
  232. Which of the following is the plural form of the medical term that means chest?

    (A) Alveoli
    (B) Apices
    (C) Calyces
    (D) Pleurae
    (E) Thoraces
    e. thoraces
  233. The notation "subq" indicates an area between

    (A) bone and bone marrow
    (B) dermis and muscle
    (C) fascia and bone
    (D) muscle and bone
    (E) muscle and vein
    b. dermis and muscle
  234. OS is a standard abbreviation for

    (A) both eyes
    (B) left eye
    (C) right eye
    (D) left ear
    (E) right ear
    b. left eye
  235. Instructions to take a medication "pc" means


    (A) at bedtime
    (B) before meals
    (C) after meals
    (D) every morning
    (E) when needed
    c. after meals
  236. "K" is the symbol for

    (A) barium
    (B) calcium
    (C) iron
    (D) hydrogen
    (E) potassium
    e. potassium
  237. Which of the following is the chemical symbol for iron?

    (A) F
    (B) Fe
    (C) Fr
    (D) I
    (E) Ir
    b. fe
  238. Which of the following is the term for reconstruction of the eardrum?

    (A) Myringotomy
    (B) Otoplasty
    (C) Stapedectomy
    (D) Tympanocentesis
    (E) Tympanoplasty
    e. tympanoplasty
  239. Colporrhaphy is the repair of the

    (A) bladder
    (B) intestines
    (C) spleen
    (D) uterus
    (E) vagina
    e. vagina
  240. Which of the following terms describes surgical fixation of the uterus in a suspended position?

    (A) Hysterectomy
    (B) Hysterodesis
    (C) Hysteropexy
    (D) Hysteroscopy
    (E) Hysterotripsy
    c. hysteropexy
  241. A pyloromyotomy is performed in which of the following body systems?

    (A) Cardiovascular
    (B) Gastrointestinal
    (C) Musculoskeletal
    (D) Nervous
    (E) Reproductive
    b. gastrointestinal
  242. Which of the following is a surgical procedure in which a pendulous breast is lifted and fixed to the chest wall?

    (A) Mastostomy
    (B) Mastotomy
    (C) Mastectomy
    (D) Mastopexy
    (E) Mesopexy
    d. mastopexy
  243. Which of the following is an incision made to enlarge the opening of the external urethra?

    (A) Cystotomy
    (B) Meatotomy
    (C) Nephrostomy
    (D) Pyelostomy
    (E) Ureterotomy
    b. meatotomy
  244. Korotkoff sounds are evaluated when

    (A) counting the apical heartbeat
    (B) determining the blood pressure
    (C) performing ultrasonography
    (D) counting the respirations
    (E) evaluating the pulse
    b. determining the blood pressure
  245. Which of the following is a nonsterile procedure?

    (A) Amniocentesis
    (B) Cystoscopy
    (C) Peritoneal dialysis
    (D) Proctosigmoidoscopy
    (E) Renal biopsy
    d. proctosigmoidoscopy
  246. Which of the following is a procedure in which synovial fluid is removed for analysis?

    (A) Apheresis
    (B) Arthrocentesis
    (C) Arthrography
    (D) Arthroscopy
    (E) Articulation
    b. arthrocentesis
  247. Which of the following procedures is indicated when an abnormal growth is identified on barium enema x-ray study?

    (A) Arthroscopy
    (B) Bronchoscopy
    (C) Colonoscopy
    (D) Cystoscopy
    (E) Colposcopy
    c. colonoscopy
  248. A patient scheduled for echoencephalography will undergo a study of which of the following?


    (A) Abdomen
    (B) Brain
    (C) Heart
    (D) Lungs
    (E) Spine
    b. brain
  249. Which of the following physicians specializes in treating patients with diseases of the liver?

    (A) Hematologist
    (B) Hepatologist
    (C) Nephrologist
    (D) Oncologist
    (E) Rheumatologist
    b. hepatologist
  250. Which of the following branches of medicine specializes in the study of the musculoskeletal system?

    (A) Gynecology
    (B) Nephrology
    (C) Orthopedics
    (D) Pediatrics
    (E) Urology
    c. orthopedics
  251. A patient with encephalitis is most likely to be treated by which of the following specialists?

    (A) Endocrinologist
    (B) Hematologist
    (C) Neurologist
    (D) Oncologist
    (E) Radiologist
    c. neurologist
  252. A cystoscope is an instrument used most commonly by a specialist in

    (A) endocrinology
    (B) gastroenterology
    (C) gynecology
    (D) radiology
    (E) urology
    e. urology
  253. A patient who has hypergonadism, prolactinoma, and hirsutism will most likely be referred to which of the following specialists?

    (A) Immunologist
    (B) Pathologist
    (C) Rheumatologist
    (D) Endocrinologist
    (E) Gerontologist
    d. endocrinologist
  254. Polydipsia, polyuria, good appetite with weight loss, and blurred vision are signs and symptoms of

    (A) diabetes mellitus
    (B) gout
    (C) hypothyroidism
    (D) marasmus
    (E) polyposis coli
    a. diabetes mellitus
  255. Dysphonia is a common symptom of which of the following conditions?

    (A) Iritis
    (B) Laryngitis
    (C) Pneumonitis
    (D) Rhinitis
    (E) Stomatitis
    b. laryngitis
  256. Which of the following is a malignant tumor of the eye that is known to be hereditary?

    (A) Glioblastoma
    (B) Neuroblastoma
    (C) Osteocarcinoma
    (D) Pheochromocytoma
    (E) Retinoblastoma
    e. retinoblastoma
  257. Which of the following are round bacteria that grow in pairs?

    (A) Streptococci
    (B) Diplococci
    (C) Bacilli
    (D) Spirilla
    (E) Staphylococci
    b. diplococci
  258. Which of the following words is MISSPELLED?

    (A) Adenopathy
    (B) Basaphil
    (C) Edematous
    (D) Hemopoiesis
    (E) Myeloid
    b. basaphil
  259. Which of the following medical terms is spelled CORRECTLY?

    (A) Albumine
    (B) Hemorrhoid
    (C) Larinx
    (D) Opthalmology
    (E) Prostrate
    b. hemorrhoid
  260. Which of the following spellings is CORRECT?

    (A) Abecess
    (B) Abces
    (C) Abscess
    (D) Abscus
    (E) Absess
    c. absess
  261. Which of the following is the CORRECT spelling for the focusing ability of the eye?

    (A) Accomedation
    (B) Accommodation
    (C) Acomodation
    (D) Acommodation
    (E) Acommedation
    b. accommodation

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