history 17:1

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history 17:1
2012-10-03 11:27:49

Philosophy in the Age of Reason
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  1. natural law
    rules discoverable by reason
  2. Thomas Hobbes
    • wrote Leviathan
    • believed humans are evil by nature
    • humans need a strict gov to controll themselves
    • wanted absolute monarchy
    • social contract
  3. social contract
    agreement by which they gave up their freedom or an organized society
  4. John Locke
    • humans moral by nature
    • natural rights
    • wrote Treaties of Government
    • gov w/limited power (no absolute monarchy)
    • people have the right to overthrow gov if natural rights are not protected
  5. natural rights
    rights that belonged to all humans from birth
  6. philosophes
  7. Montesquieu
    • wrote The Spirit of the Laws
    • belived in 3 branches of gov: legislative, executive, judicial
    • checks and balances
    • affected United States Constitution
  8. Volitare
    • freedom of speech
    • most famous philosophes
  9. Diderot
    • created Encyclopedia
    • Encyclopedia proposed ideas from philosophers
    • pope, critics, and gov said book was an attack on public morals
    • Encyclopedia spread Enlightenment ideas throughout Europe & to America
  10. Rousseau
    • human's natural innocence corrupted by evils of society, esp unequal property distribution
    • created Social Contract
    • gov should only have minimal controls
    • believed in "general will" (best concience of people)
  11. laissez faire
    allowing buisnesses to operate w/ little or no gov interference
  12. Adam Smith
    • wrote The Wealth of Nations
    • free market should be allowed to regulate buisness & activity
    • everything linked to supply & demand
    • supported laissez faire, w/gov protecting rights