Patho/PharmII- Exam 2- Antihyperlipidemics - 3 points

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Patho/PharmII- Exam 2- Antihyperlipidemics - 3 points
2012-10-03 12:20:52
Patho PharmII Exam Antihyperlipidemics points

Patho/PharmII- Exam 2- Antihyperlipidemics - 3 points
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  1. 1. Cholestyramine- QUESTRAN
    2. Colestipol- COLESTID
    Types of bile-acid Sequestering agents
  2. What do bile-sequestering agents do?
    • Lower LDL
    • Increase triglycerides
  3. 1. Fluvastatins- Lescol
    2. Lovastatin- Mevacor
    3. Pravstatin- Pravacho
    l4. Simvastatin- Zocor
    5. Atrovastatin- Lipitor
    • HMG-CoA Reductase inhibitors
    • aka "statins"
  4. What do the HMG-CoA Reductase inhibitors do?
    • Decrease LDL and Triglycerides
    • Increase HDL
  5. Which are the largest group of antihyperlipemics?
    HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
  6. Which group of antihyperlipidemics requires frequent liver checks and why?
    • HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
    • because they are most potent.
  7. How is Questran administered? 
    Sprinkle on food
  8. Which antihyperlipidemic is a type of B vitamin and what are the brand names? 
    Niacin (Nicotinic Acid, Nicobid)
  9. What does vitamin B antihyperlipidemics do to LDL, Triglycerides and HDL? 
    • Decreases LDL and Triglycerides
    • Increases HDL
  10. If HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors are contraindicated what may be given instead? 
  11. Which antihyperlipidemic increases glucose production and is contraindicated in patients with diabetes? 
  12. 1. Gemfibrozil- Lipid
    2. Fenofibrate- Tricor
    Fibric-Acid Deriviatives
  13. What do fibric acid derivitives do to LDL, triglycerides, and HDL? 
    • Little to no effect on LDL
    • Decrease Triglycerides
    • Increase HDL
  14. Which type of antihyperlipidemics are not to be given to patients with CAD? 
    Fibric-Acid Derivitives 
  15. Which type of antihyperlipidemic is used to prevent pancreatitis? 
    Fibric- Acid Derivitives
  16. What is the new type of antihyperlipidemics and what is the drug name?
    • Cholesterol Adsorption Inhibitor
    • 1. Ezetimibe- Zetia
  17. What does the new antihyperlipidemic do to LDL, etc? 
    • Decrease LDL, Triglycerides, Cholesterol
    • Increases HDL
  18. Which type of drug is enhanced when combined with statins? 
    Ezetimibe - Zetia
  19. When is it recommended that a patient take antihyperlipidemics? 
    • LDL>190
    • or 
    • LDL 160-190 with 2 or more risk factors 
  20. What inflammatory disorder does antihyperlipidemics help treat? 
    Athereosclerosis - lipid buildup in arteries