sotmr and stress- sued to descrive the violatile adolescent temperment
Sturm aund drang- bilogical view
belived ads. are on an emotional seesaw- after moving through the animnal, hunter and svagery stages of infancy, childhoos and preadolscene respectively.
Sprial growth patterns
bellived that genes dtermine the order of appearence of behavioral traits and deveopmental trends. This cnocept implies biological dterminism that prevnts teacher parents ect from infleuncing human devopment
sigmund frued- individuation
a period of sexual excitment, anxiety and sometime personaliti disturbances. Had fourstages- the oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital stage.
the firts stage of frueds thoery usually goes from birth to 1 year during which the childs cheif source of pleasure and staifiction comes from oral activity.
the second stage in frueds during the 2nd year of flife during which the child seeks pleasure and satisfaction through anal activity an the elmination of waste
the3rd stage of frued about ages 4-6 during which the genital area is the chief source of pleasure and satisfaction
4th stage of frued 6-12 during which sexual interest remain hidden whitl the child concentrates on school and other activities
the last stage in frued which is when sexual urges result in seeking other persons as sexual objects to relive sexual tenision
from freud- the idea that boys become jealous of thier mothers attention otward thier fathers- boys fear that fathers will try to remove them as sexual rivals which is called castration anxiety.
the taking on of aperntal values, beliefs and behaviors.
it services two functions- it reduces castration anxiety and teaches boys how to behave as men.
girls being atracted to thier fathers
the formation of personal identifty by the development of the self as a unique person separate from parents and others.
frued thoery that the strcture of personality is composed of the id, ego and superegp and that mental health depends on keeping the baalnce between them.
thos instictual urgges that a person seeks to staify according to pleasure principle
according to frued the rtaional mind that seeks to satisfy the id in keeping with relaity
according to frued the part of the mind that opposes the desires of the id by enforcing moral resdtrictions that have been learned to try to attain a goal of perfection.
to win the battle btewwen the id and superego.
8 stages of human deveopment- each stage you have to master a task if you dont it produces conflict. stage 5 identify vs. diffusion is most important.
a socailly asacnction period between childhood and adulthood during whihc an individual is free to experiment to find socially acceptable idenitit role.
the stage of life generally extended through ones 20's in which one is between as and full adulthood.
adpatation and equilibirum
cognitive devleopment is the combined result of envronmental inflrunces and the maturation of the brain and nervous syet. He used fiev terms to describe the deveopment
accomdation and equilibirum
the orginal patterns of thinking- the mental structures that people use for dealing with what happens in the environment
inclduing and adjusting to new information that increases understanding
incorporating features of the envionrment into existing mode or sturcture of thought
achieveing a blance between schema and acconomdation
adjusting to new info by creating new structure to replace old ones
stages involved with jean piaget
abstract reasoning skills that allows children to think logically
cognitive skill deveops thru social interaction- child learn best whenthey are paired with those that are older than them.This is called the zine of proximal deveopment
the assiatnce provided to help a child master a task it is gradually withdrawn as the child gains confidence.
social leraning thhoery
children learn thru observing behavior of others and by imitating this pattern a process referred ot as modeling.
lerning by observing and imitating behavior of another
in the operant condition thiery- emphasizes the dual role of reinforcement- reward and punishment. and expanded version of this was vicarious reinforment and self reienforcment. Vicaries conist of positiove or negative consequences that one observes others experiences. and self reinforcment is that act of learning rewards themselves for activities or repsonce that they consider good quality.
social cognitive thoery
people dtermine thoier won destiny- by how they react to thier environment.
the skills knowldege functions and attitudes that individual have to aquire at certain points in order to function effectively as a mature person.
acceoting ons phsyque
achiveing new and more matur relations
achiveing a masculine or femine social sex role
achieveing emotional independence from parents and other adults
preparing for an economic acreer
preparing for marriage nad family life
desireing and achieving socailly repsinible behavior
Aquiring a set of vlaues and an ethical system as a guide to behavior.
atemops to explain whay ads go between mature and chilish behavior. his core concep tis that bheavior is a function of the person and of his or her environment. group membership changes sometimes treated as a adult sometimes are not.
ecilogical system thoery
take sinto account families, communities and countries
micro system, meso system, exosystem, macro system
ecological system thoery- people who have immdeiate contact with ad. and who influcen hm or her
ecological thoery- the reciprocal relationships amoung mior system seeting- teacher parents ect
includes setting in which the ads does not have an active role as a participant but that inflrunce him or her- mom or dad losing a job
ecological thoery- sttitudes morals cutsims and laws of a culture that unfleunce
emopohasize importance of broader social envronment.
biochemical basis of puberty
the hypothalamus, the pituitaryt gland, the gionads, the adrenal glands