colonial governments and us constitution

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colonial governments and us constitution
2012-10-03 16:41:53
colonial governments

polysci exam 1
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  1. Checks and balances
    system where each branch of gov has power to limit actions of others
  2. sources of stability
    • a broadly accepted political economic framwork
    • a stable powerful political culture
    • a variety of ways for citizens to seek and achieve policy changes
  3. capitalism
    an economic system where business and industry are privately owned and there is little governmental interference
  4. socialism
    an economic system in which the government owns and controls most factories and much or all of the nations land
  5. elections
    • everyones vote is counted qually majority can make change
    • but hefty resources shapte the outcome
  6. courts
    • strengths courts are the protectors of rights and lib for all citizens
    • decisions can overrule the will of the majority when necessary
    • weakness change can come about slowly
  7. lobbying
    • strengths big change can occure quickly
    • weakness effective lobbying often entails connections requires big resources
  8. monarchy
    individual ruler with hereditary authority holds all power
  9. constitutional monarchy
    • monarch figurehead with limited power
    • actual authority belongs to another body
  10. dictatorship
    • individual ruler with absolute authority
    • often comes to power thorugh violent uprising
  11. oligarchy
    small group of the rich or powerful controls most of governing decisions
  12. pluralism
    multiple centers of power vying for authority
  13. pure democracy
    citizens make all decisions
  14. representative democracy
    citizens elect reps to carry out gov functions
  15. totalitarian regime
    leaders have no limits on authority
  16. authoritarian system
    • leaders have no formal legal restrains on authority but are limited by informal foces
    • ie military, church
  17. constitutional system
    government has both informal and legal restraints on the exercise of power
  18. mayflower compact
    legalizing civil body politic
  19. john locke
    • written essays on the rights of citizens and proper conduct of government
    • two treaties of government
    • all individuals have natural rights
  20. natural rights
    basic rights that no government can deny
  21. social contract theory
    political theory that holds individuals give up certain rights in return for securing certain freedoms
  22. thomas hobbes
    • "life was solitary poor nasty brutish and short"
    • governments are created for this reason
  23. stamp act
    • created decloration of rights and grievences
    •  The act required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp
  24. navigation acts
    The English Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England (after 1707 Great Britain) and its colonies, a process which had started in 1651
  25. Proclimation of 1763
     forbade settlers from settling past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire and to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier.
  26. Sugar act
    The Sugar Act, also known as the American Revenue Act or the American Duties Act, was a revenue-raising act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764
  27. Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. John Adams
  28. articles of confederation
    •  an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.
    • used by congress to direct war,diplomacy, and territorial issues
  29. limitations and problems of articles of confed
    • No power to generate revenue(tax)
    • no power to regulate trade
    • congress had no power
    • Approval of 9 states to have a law passed Amendments to the Articles of Confederation
    • required all 13 states approval(back then there was only 13)
    • no executive branch no national court system
  30. constitutional convention
     took place from May 14 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain.
  31. consstitution conflicts
    • representation
    • slavery
    • trade/taxation
  32. constitution compromises
    • great compromise
    • 3/5ths compromise
    • tax imports, but not exports
  33. ammending the consttitution proposal
    2/3 of both house and senate or a national convention requested by 2/3 of state legislatures
  34. amending the constitution ratification
    3/4 of state legislatures or ratifying conventions in 3/4s of states
  35. sharing of powers
    the constitutions granting of specific powers to each brang off government while making each branch also partly demendent on the others for carrying out its duties
  36. expressed powers
    • defined by the constitution
    • given to national government which focus on commercial matters, foreign affairs, and national security
    • example article 1 section 8
  37. police powers
    given to states because they are closest to people
  38. federalists
    supported ratification of constitution