Chapter-48-51

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memaryme12
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17533
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Chapter-48-51
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2010-05-13 21:06:17
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American History
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  1. Great Society
    The Great Society was a set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the United States on the initiative of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Two main goals of the Great Society social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, and transportation were launched during this period.
  2. Tonkin Gulf
    Legal basis for the American war in Vietname, it gave the president authority to take whatever measures he thought necessary to defend against attacks on American armed forces. It was named for an incident in the Gulf of Tonkin in August 1964 when North Vietnamese patrol boats were said to have fired on American destroyers.
  3. Curtis LeMay
    was a general in the United States Air Force and the vice presidential running mate of American Independent Party candidate George Wallace in 1968.designing and implementing an effective, but also controversial, systematic strategic bombing campaign in the Pacific theater of World War II. During the war, he was known for planning and executing a massive bombing campaign against cities in Japan.
  4. Barry Goldwater
    • *five-term United States Senator from Arizona
    • * Republican Party's nominee for President in the 1964 election.
    • * An articulate and charismatic figure in the 1960-64 era he was known as "Mr. Conservative".
    • *politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s.
    • *He also had a substantial impact on the libertarian movement.
  5. Malcom x
    • *El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, was an African-American Muslim minister
    • * public speaker
    • *human rights activist.
    • *he was a courageous advocate for the rights of African Americans, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans.
    • *His detractors accused him of preaching racism, black supremacy, antisemitism, and violence.
    • *He has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
  6. Pinochet
    he was President Salvador Allended's American successor, he instituted a brutal regime in which opponents were torututed and murdered by the thousands. it was a Nazi-like killing
  7. Watergate
    • * general term used to describe a complex web of political scandals between 1972 and 1974.
    • *The word refers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C. In addition to the hotel, the Watergate complex houses many business offices.
    • *It was here that the office of the Democratic National Committee was burgled on June 17th, 1972.
    • *The burglary and subsequent cover-up eventually led to moves to impeach President Richard Nixon.
    • *Nixon resigned the presidency on 8 August 1974.
  8. Henry Kissinger
    • born American political scientist, diplomat, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
    • *He served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
    • *After his term, his opinion was still sought out by many following presidents.
  9. Spiro Agnew
    • the 39th Vice President of the United States, serving under President Richard Nixon, and the 55th Governor of Maryland.
    • *He was also the first Greek American to hold these offices.
    • *Under investigation for extortion, tax fraud, bribery and conspiracy
  10. Affirmation Action
    • refers to policies that take "race, color, religion, sex or national origin"into consideration.
    • *The focus of such policies ranges from employment and education to public contracting and health programs.
    • *President John F. Kennedy's Executive Order 10925.
    • *Matching procedures in other countries are also known as reservation in India, positive discrimination in the United Kingdom and employment equity in Canada.
  11. EPA
    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes USEPA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States charged to protect human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.
  12. Junk Bonds
    In finance, a high-yield bond (non-investment-grade bond, speculative-grade bond, or junk bond) is a bond that is rated below investment grade at the time of purchase. These bonds have a higher risk of default or other adverse credit events, but typically pay higher yields than better quality bonds in order to make them attractive to investors.
  13. Star Wars
    • Strategic Defense Initiative Organization
    • Superseding agency
    • Ballistic Missile Defense OrganizationMissile Defense Agency
    • Jurisdiction
    • Federal government of the United States
    • The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was created by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983[1] to use ground and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. The initiative focused on strategic defense rather than the prior strategic offense doctrine of mutual assured destruction (MAD). The Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) was set up in 1984 within the United States Department of Defense to oversee the Strategic Defense Initiative.
  14. Tienanmen Square
    protests of 1989, referred to in much of the world as the Tiananmen Square massacre and in the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the June Fourth Incident (officially to avoid confusion with two prior Tiananmen Square protests), were a series of demonstrations in and near Tiananmen Square in Beijing in the PRC beginning on 14 April 1989. Led mainly by students and intellectuals, the protests occurred in a year that saw the collapse of a number of communist governments around the world.
  15. Sandra Day O'Conner
    • is an American jurist who was the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States. She served as an Associate Justice from 1981 until her retirement from the Court in 2006. O'Connor was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1981.
    • *an elected official and judge in Arizona
    • *In 2001, the Ladies' Home Journal ranked her as the second-most-powerful woman in America.[
  16. Somalia
    Republic of Somalia and formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic under communist rule, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Kenya to the southwest, the Gulf of Aden with Yemen to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Ethiopia to the west
  17. NAFTA
    The North American Free Trade Agreement or NAFTA is an agreement signed by the governments of the United States, Canada, and Mexico creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994. It superseded the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and Canada. In terms of combined purchasing power parity GDP of its members, as of 2007 the trade block is the largest in the world and second largest by nominal GDP comparison.
  18. Sun Myung Moon
    • is the Korean founder and leader of the worldwide Unification Church. He is also the founder of many other organizations and projects. One of the best-known of these is the conservative Washington Times newspaper.He is famous for holding blessing ceremonies, often referred to as "mass weddings".
    • Moon has said, and it is believed by many Unification Church members, that he is the Messiah and the Second Coming of Christ and is fulfilling Jesus' unfinished mission. He has been among the most controversial modern religious leaders, both for his religious beliefs and for his social and political activism.
  19. Rush Limbaugh
    • American radio host, conservative political commentator, and an influential opinion leader in the conservative movement in the United States. He hosts The Rush Limbaugh Show which is aired throughout the U.S. on Premiere Radio Networks and is the highest-rated talk-radio program in the United States.
    • He was born into a family with a long history of involvement in Republican politics and first began working at a local radio station at age sixteen. In 1984, after a series of radio related jobs, Limbaugh began working as a radio talk show host in Sacramento, California. His unique program featured no guests, relying exclusively on his conservative political analysis for content. He moved to New York City in 1988 where he began the national broadcast of his program on WABC radio. His program grew in popularity and he began his rise to national fame.
  20. Bosnian-Herzogovina
    is a country in South-East Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina (also: Bosnia-Herzegovina/Bosnia and Hercegovina) is almost landlocked, except for 26 kilometres (16 miles) of Adriatic Sea coastline, centered on the town of Neum.[7][8] The interior of the country is mountainous centrally and to the south, hilly in the northwest, and flatland in the northeast. Inland is the larger geographic region with a moderate continental climate, marked by hot summers and cold, snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plane topography.

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