civil rights

Card Set Information

civil rights
2012-10-03 17:35:08
polysci test

civil rights
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  1. brown v board of education
    school desegregation
  2. civil rights act of 1964
    no discrimination in employment and public accommodations
  3. nineteenth amendment
    womens right to vote
  4. equal pay act and reed v reed
    no discrimination in inheritance laws
  5. jim crow laws
    laws inacted by southern state legislatures after civil war that mandated rigid racial segregation
  6. plessy v ferguson
    us supreme court decision that endorsed the legality of racial segregation laws by permitting separate but equal services and facilities for african americans
  7. de jure segregation
    • the south practiced it
    • state and local laws mandated discrimination and separation
  8. de facto
    • northern cities used this
    • by a presumption that african americans preferred to live together in the poorest section of each city
  9. NAACP
    • indirecctly attacked separate but equal by saying it was not equal
    • maryland v murry
  10. brown v board of education
    • overturned plessy v ferguson
    • stated that it violated the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment
  11. montgomery bus boycott
    • lasted 13 months
    • mia purchsed station wagons to carry african americans to work
  12. civil rights act of 1964
    prohibited racial discrimination in public accommodations
  13. 13 amendment
    prohibition of slavery
  14. 14th amendment
    citizenship equal protection and due process
  15. 15th amendment
    suffrage to black men
  16. legal impediments to voting
    • poll tax
    • white primary
    • literacy tests
  17. how did illiterate whites avoid impedimeents to voting
    demonstrating political competence in person or showing descent from someone who was eligible to vote before 1867
  18. poll tax banned
    in 1964 by 24th amendment
  19. voting rights act of 1965
    • outlawed literacy tests
    • send federal registrars into counties in which less than 50% eligible population was not registered to vote
  20. registration of blacks in ms increased from
    7% to 41%
  21. voting rights act affected black officials how
    • 1965-70
    • 1980-2500
  22. gerrymandering
    gerrymandering is a practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating geographic boundaries to create partisan or incumbent-protected districts
  23. how to dilut the vote
  24. packing
    is to concentrate as many voters of one type into a single electoral district to reduce their influence in other districts.
  25. cracking
     involves spreading out voters of a particular type among many districts in order to deny them a sufficiently large voting bloc in any particular district