A&P Chapter 1

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  1. What is Anatomy?
    Examines the structures, or morphology of body parts, their forms and organization.
  2. What is Physiology?
    Considers the functions of body parts, what they do and how they do it.
  3. What is homeostasis and some examples?
    Maintenance of the internal enviroment of the body within the normal range

    Ex: Blood pressure, body temperature, etc
  4. What are the levels of Biological Organization?
    subatomic particles > atom > molecule > Macromolecule > organelle > cell > tissue > organ > organ system > organism
  5. Dorsal Cavity
  6. Cranial Cavity
  7. Vertebral Cavity
  8. Ventral Cavity
  9. Pleural Cavities
  10. Mediastinum
  11. Pericardial Cavity
  12. Abdominopelvic Cavity
  13. Abdominal Cavity
  14. Pelvic Cavity
  15. Diaphragm
  16. Thoracic Cavity
  17. Smaller cavities in the Cranial Cavity?
    Oral (mouth), nasal (nose), orbital (eyes), middle ear
  18. What does Visceral mean?
    Pertaining to the organs in a body cavity
  19. What does Parietal mean?
    Pertaining to the wall of an organ or cavity
  20. What is Parietal Pleura?
    Membrane that lines the inner wall of the thoracic cavity
  21. What is Parietal Pericardium?
    Membrane that lines the inner surface of the heart cavity
  22. What is the Parietal Peritonium
    Lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity
  23. What is the Visceral Pleura?
    Membrane that covers the surfaces of the lungs
  24. What is Visceral Pericardium?
    Membrane that covers the surface of the heart
  25. What is Visceral Peritoneum?
    Membrane that covers organ surfaces in the abdominal cavity
  26. Parts of the Integumentary System?
    skin, hair, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands
  27. Function of Integumentary System?
    Protects underlying tissues, regulates body temperature, houses sensory receptors and synthesizes substances
  28. Parts of the Skeletal System?
    bones, ligaments and cartilages
  29. Function of Skeletal System?
    Provides framework, protective shields and attachments for muscles; also produces blood cells and stores inorganic salts
  30. Parts of the Muscular System?
  31. Fuction of Muscular System?
    Moves body parts, maintains posture and produces body heat
  32. Parts of the Nervous System?
    brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs
  33. Function of Nervous System?
    receive signals from sensory receptors, interprets information and acts by causing muscles or glands to respond
  34. Parts of the Endocrine System?
    glands that secrete hormones. Specifically the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal gland and thymus
  35. Function of Endrocrine System?
    Hormones help regulate metabolism by stimulating target issues
  36. Parts of the Cardiovascular System?
    heart, blood vessels
  37. Function of Cardiovascular System?
    heart pumps blood, vessels carry blood to and from body parts. Blood transports oxygen, nutrients, hormones and wastes
  38. Parts of Lymphatic System?
    lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus and spleen
  39. Function of Lymphatic System?
    transports lymph from tissue spaces to the bloodstream and carries certain fatty substances away from the digestive organs. Lymphocytes defend the body against disease causing agents
  40. Parts of the Digestive System?
    mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine and large intestine
  41. Function of Digestive System?
    receives food, breaks down nutrients into forms that can pass through cell membranes and eliminates unabsorbed materials. Some digestive organs produce hormones
  42. Parts of the Respiratory System?
    nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs
  43. Function of Respiratory System?
    takes in and releases air and exchanges gases between the blood and the air
  44. Parts of the Urinary System?
    kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
  45. Function of Urinary System?
    filters wastes from the blood and helps maintain fluid and electrolyte balance
  46. Parts of the Female Reproductive System?
    ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris and vulva
  47. Function of Female Reproductive System?
    produces, maintains and transports female sex cells; also supports development and birth of offspring
  48. Parts of the Male Reproductive System?
    scrotum, testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, urethra and penis
  49. Function of Male Reproductive System?
    produces, maintains and transports male sex cells (sperm)
  50. Directional Term: Superior
    #1 means a part is above another part
  51. Directional Term: Inferior
    #2 means a part is below another part
  52. Directional Term: Anterior (Ventral)
    #3 means toward the front
  53. Directional Term: Posterior (Dorsal)
    #4 means toward the back
  54. Directional Term: Medial
    #5 a part is medial if it is closer to the midline than another part
  55. Directional Term: Lateral
    #6 means toward the side, away from midline
  56. Directional Term: Proximal
    #7 a part is closer to a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part
  57. Directional Term: Distal
    #8 part is farther from a point of attachment to the trunk
  58. Directional Term: Superficial
    near the surface
  59. Directional Term: Deep
    describes more internal parts
  60. Sagittal
    #1 midsaggital  is when it divides the body into equal parts
  61. Transverse
  62. Frontal (Coronal)
  63. What is a cross section?
    a cut across the structure
  64. What is a longitudinal section?
    a lengthwise cut
  65. What is an oblique section?
    an angular cut
  66. Homeostatic Mechanism: Receptors
    1st component: Provide information about specific conditions in the internal environment.
  67. Homeostatic Mechanism: Control Center
    2nd component: detects deviation from a set point, which is a particular value such as blood pressure or temp and signals effectors
  68. Homeostatic Mechanism: Effectors
    3rd component

  69. Abdominal Regions: Right and Left hypochondriac
    1 & 3
  70. Abdominal Regions: Right and Left lumbar
    4 & 6
  71. Abdominal Regions: Right & Left iliac
    7 & 9
  72. Abdominal Regions: Epigastric
  73. Abdominal Regions: Umbilical
  74. Abdominal Regions: Hypogastric

Card Set Information

A&P Chapter 1
2012-10-03 23:59:25
Intro Human

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Human A&P
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