pharm test #2 key terms

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pharm test #2 key terms
2012-10-03 23:03:01
pharm test key terms snow nursing

pharm test #2 key terms
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  1. antihistamine
    relief of effective histamine on body organs and structures
  2. perennial non-allergenic rhinitis
    inflammation of mucous membranes in nose caused by problems other than allergies
  3. seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)
    pt has a reaction to either outdoor (SAR) or indoor allergens (PAR)
  4. anti-tussives
    drugs used to relieve coughing
  5. bronchodialator
    given to open bronchi and to allow air to pass through more easily
  6. bronchiospasm
    narrowing or collapse of the bronchial airway
  7. contraindications
    factors that rule out the use of a drug
  8. precautions
    factors that indicate a drug should be used with great care
  9. expectorants
    agents thast decrease the thickness of respiratory secretions and aid in their removal
  10. histamine
    a chemical that the body produces that causes and inflammatory response
  11. leukotriene receptor inhibitors
    used in treating asthma, block receptors for cysteinyl leukotrienes C4, D4 and E4 (Singulair)
  12. cysteinyl leukotrienes
    potential bronchioconstricotrs
  13. ototoxic
    drugs that may damage hearing
  14. prophylaxis
    prevention or protection against disease
  15. rebound effect
    an increase in the symptom you are trying to stop
  16. rebound vasodialation
    increase in blood flow leading to further congestion (commonly seen with prolonged use with nasal decongestant sprays
  17. refractoriness
    lack of response to a drug that a pt has used before with good effectiveness
  18. sympathomimetics
    beta-androgenic agents dialate bronchi through their actions on beta-andrenergic receptors
  19. wheezing
    as some air is forced out through the mucous lined passages, a musical respiratory sound is heard
  20. xanthines
    act directly to relax smooth muscle cells of the bronchi thereby dialating or opening the bronchi
  21. antibiotic
    chemicals that kill or damage pathogenic organisms and ar made from other living organisms such as penicillin
  22. antimicrobial
    chemicals that kill or damage pathogenic organisms
  23. bacteriocidal
    agents that kill bacteria
  24. bacteriostatic
    limit or slow growth of bacteria, weakening or eventually leading to death of the bacteria
  25. broad-spectrum drugs
    drugs that are affective against a wide variety of organisms
  26. generation
    each new group of drugs developed from similar drugs
  27. helminthiasis
    an infestation of worms
  28. narrow-spectrum drugs
    drugs that are affective against only a few organisms
  29. pathogens
    an organism that causes infection
  30. spectrum
    the number of organisms the medication is effective against
  31. superinfection
    when other organisms that are not susceptible to a prescribed antibiotic are able to multiply, overgrow and get out of control because the antibiotic has also killed the organisms that would have kept them under control
  32. aquired immunodeficiency
    a disease caused by breakdown of the immune system leaving the pt unable to fight infection
  33. anti-fungal medications
    medications used PO/IV/TOP/PV to treat mycotic infections
  34. anti-retroviral
    important group of drugs that slow the growth or prevent the duplication of retroviruses
  35. human immunodeficiency virus
    retrovirus that causes AIDS
  36. mycotic infection
    a fungal infection
  37. fungus
    a plant-like organism that feeds on organic matter and produces a yeast-like or mold-like disease
  38. virions
    rudimentary virus particles. bud from host cell membranes in order to infect new host cells
  39. anorectal preparations
    emolients, foams and gels for topical anesthesia and healing of the rectal area
  40. anti-glaucoma agents
    medications used to reduce secretion of aqueous humor in the eye, produce complete paralysis, aid in diagnostic procedurs, provide iris sphyncter contraction, and act as a cholinergic agonist to reduce inter-ocular pressure
  41. anti-psoriatic
    accelorate scaleing and healing of dry lesions in chronic psoriasis
  42. antiseptic
    compounds capable of preventic infections
  43. mydriasis
    abnormal dilation or opening of the pupil
  44. pediculocides
    used to treat pediculosis-and infestation of lice seen mostly in children
  45. scabicides
    applied to skin and hair to treat scabies
  46. vasoconstrictor
    cause the direct stimulation of alpha-receptors of vascular smooth muscle leading to vasoconstriction