science study

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science study
2012-10-03 23:36:36

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  1. what is a biome?
    large areas of land that have similar climate and organisms living within the area
  2. what are 2 factors that determine climate?
    temperature and precipatation 
  3. define precipatation.
    the process of changing gas (vapor) into a liquid.
  4. name the five forms of precipatation.
    rain, sleet, snow, hail, frost, dew, or mist
  5. name the 6 land biomes. 
    desert, grassland, deciduous forest, rainforest, taiga, tundra
  6. name the three water biomes.
    freshwater, saltwater, estuary
  7. the desert is the _____est biome
    dri (driest)
  8. how much rain does a desert recieve a year?
    less than 25cm. (4inches)
  9. what is a desert's temperature during the day?
    above 100 degrees F
  10. what is a desert's temperature at night? 
    below freezing
  11. name 3 examples of deserts
    gobi, sahara, and dealth valley
  12. desert organisms are highly adapted to ______ _______
    extreme conditions
  13. when are desert animals most active?
    at night
  14. what do desert animals do during the day?
  15. name a way desert animals protect themselves
    camaflauged with sandy soil
  16. what is 1 adaptation desert animals have?
    they have adaptations for walking across the hot sand
  17. how many top predators are in the desert?
    a few
  18. most animals are ______ and ________ in the desert
    small and compact
  19. what kind of roots do the desert plants typically have and what do they do
    tap roots that can reach deep into earth for water
  20. desert plants have the ability to conserve what?
  21. desert plants use very little water for every day ____ ________
    cell processes
  22. what do desert plants lack?
  23. water usually _________ from desert plants through their leaves
  24. how much rain does a grassland receive a year 
    more than a desert. 25-75cm
  25. what are three different names you could call a grassland
    prarie, plain, savanna
  26. what kind of summers do grasslands have/
    long, hot summers
  27. what do grasslands suffer from? 
    severe flooding and extreme droughts 
  28. when do grasslands have severe flooding
    monsoon season
  29. name three examples of grasslands 
    nebraska, oklahoma, and africa
  30. grasslands tend to be _______
  31. why do grasslands tend to be windy?
    because they lack trees
  32. what is a grassland's main plant life
    different types of grasses
  33. irregular amounts of _______ prevent the _______ of _______ in a grassland
    • precipatation 
    • development
    • forests
  34. what are the 4 dominant plant speciesin a grassland?
    barley, wheat, oats, and corn
  35. what are the 9 dominant animal species in a grassland
    cows, zebras, giraffe, elephant, gazelle, insects, lions, rodents, and snakes
  36. what is the soil like in a grassland?
    soils typically deep but are often overgrazed or overfarmed using up valuable minerals in the soil
  37. what adaption must animal tolerate in a grassland and why
    the extreme changes in the amount of precipatation or else die
  38. what kind of trees do deciduous forests have
    deciduous trees that shed their leaves during the fall and get new ones in the spring
  39. how many seasons do deciduous forests have and what are they
    4-summer, fall, winter, spring
  40. how much precipatation does a deciduous forest recieve a year
  41. what is the temperature range in a deciduous forest
    below freezing to 30 degrees C or more
  42. what is the soil like in a deciduous forest
    moist and very fertile
  43. what kind of biome do we live in
    temperate deciduous forest
  44. most of the east coast of the US is _______ _______
    deciduous forest 
  45. leaf looking is well known in what state
    new hampshire
  46. name 5 types of trees in a deciduous forest
    maple trees, oak trees, dogwoods, poplar trees, hickory trees
  47. name 7 animals that could be found in a deciduous forest
    foxes, dder, opossums, racoons, squrrels, skunks, turkeys
  48. all locations near the equator are reffered to as what
  49. where temperate regions located
    above the tropic of cancer below tropic of capricorn
  50. the areas closest to the north or south poles are referred to as what
    polar regions
  51. what are two kinds of rainforests?
    tropical and temperate 
  52. what is the temperature range in a temperate rainforest
    9 degrees C to 12 degrees C
  53. what is the amount of precipatation that a temperate rainforest gets a year
  54. what is an example of a temperate rainforest
    jurassic park
  55. describe the trees in a temperate rainforest
    have needle like structures instead of leaves
  56. give 6 examples of temperate rainforest plants
    fir, cedar, spruce, yew, sequoia, redwoods
  57. name 4 animals that would be found in a temperate rainforest
    bobcats, spotted owl, cougar, black bears
  58. what is the temperature of a tropical rainforest (jungle)
    • 25 degrees C 
    • this temperature applies day and night. it remains fairly constant
  59. what is another name for a tropical rainforest
  60. what kind of temperatures does a tropical rainforest have and why
    warm because of its proximity to the equator
  61. tropical rainforest have the greatest diversity of _____
  62. there are over ______ species in a tropical rainforest 
  63. how often are new organisms identified 
  64. name 7 examples of animals found in a tropical rainforest.
    monkeys, exotic birds, tree frogs, boa constrictors, tarantulas, tapir, tigers
  65. is the soil rich or poor in a tropical rainforest
  66. why is the soil poor in a tropical rainforest
    large numbers of decomposers who feed off of the dead organisms and recycle the nutrients back to growing plants. also a result of erosion, which washes away the soil
  67. what is another name for a taiga
    coniferous forest
  68. what does the word conifer mean
    cone bearer
  69. what is an example of a conifer
    evergreens which have there seeds inside of a cone
  70. what are 5 examples of plants in a taiga
    pine trees, cedars, firs, sequoia, redwoods
  71. what are taiga's winters like 
    • long
    • cold
    • lots of snow
  72. what are taiga's summers like
    short and cool
  73. what is the temperature range in a coniferous forest
    -16 to 23 degrees C
  74. where is the taiga located
    below the tundra regions in north america (wisconsin michigan, canada)
  75. what is the soil like in a taiga
    shallow and acidic (type of soil evergreens thrive in)
  76. name 7 examples of animals in a coniferous forest
    caribou, wolves, moose, mink, bear, ducks, salamanders
  77. what are the winters like in a tundra
    long and harsh. usually last 6 to 9 months
  78. what are the summers like in a tundra
    very short
  79. tundra receives very little _________
  80. what do people compare tundras to and why
    deserts due to the amount of precipatation
  81. how much precipatation does a tundra receive a year 
    less then 25cm
  82. what is permafrost
    permanately frozen soil
  83. tundra is covered with ____ most of the year
  84. where is a tundra located 
    near the poles of earth 
  85. true or false?
    tundras are treeless.
  86. what is the average temperature of a tundra
    around -12 degrees C