Card Set Information
what is a biome?
large areas of land that have similar climate and organisms living within the area
what are 2 factors that determine climate?
temperature and precipatation
the process of changing gas (vapor) into a liquid.
name the five forms of precipatation.
rain, sleet, snow, hail, frost, dew, or mist
name the 6 land biomes.
desert, grassland, deciduous forest, rainforest, taiga, tundra
name the three water biomes.
freshwater, saltwater, estuary
the desert is the _____est biome
how much rain does a desert recieve a year?
less than 25cm. (4inches)
what is a desert's temperature during the day?
above 100 degrees F
what is a desert's temperature at night?
name 3 examples of deserts
gobi, sahara, and dealth valley
desert organisms are highly adapted to ______ _______
when are desert animals most active?
what do desert animals do during the day?
name a way desert animals protect themselves
camaflauged with sandy soil
what is 1 adaptation desert animals have?
they have adaptations for walking across the hot sand
how many top predators are in the desert?
most animals are ______ and ________ in the desert
small and compact
what kind of roots do the desert plants typically have and what do they do
tap roots that can reach deep into earth for water
desert plants have the ability to conserve what?
desert plants use very little water for every day ____ ________
what do desert plants lack?
water usually _________ from desert plants through their leaves
how much rain does a grassland receive a year
more than a desert. 25-75cm
what are three different names you could call a grassland
prarie, plain, savanna
what kind of summers do grasslands have/
long, hot summers
what do grasslands suffer from?
severe flooding and extreme droughts
when do grasslands have severe flooding
name three examples of grasslands
nebraska, oklahoma, and africa
grasslands tend to be _______
why do grasslands tend to be windy?
because they lack trees
what is a grassland's main plant life
different types of grasses
irregular amounts of _______ prevent the _______ of _______ in a grassland
what are the 4 dominant plant speciesin a grassland?
barley, wheat, oats, and corn
what are the 9 dominant animal species in a grassland
cows, zebras, giraffe, elephant, gazelle, insects, lions, rodents, and snakes
what is the soil like in a grassland?
soils typically deep but are often overgrazed or overfarmed using up valuable minerals in the soil
what adaption must animal tolerate in a grassland and why
the extreme changes in the amount of precipatation or else die
what kind of trees do deciduous forests have
deciduous trees that shed their leaves during the fall and get new ones in the spring
how many seasons do deciduous forests have and what are they
4-summer, fall, winter, spring
how much precipatation does a deciduous forest recieve a year
what is the temperature range in a deciduous forest
below freezing to 30 degrees C or more
what is the soil like in a deciduous forest
moist and very fertile
what kind of biome do we live in
temperate deciduous forest
most of the east coast of the US is _______ _______
leaf looking is well known in what state
name 5 types of trees in a deciduous forest
maple trees, oak trees, dogwoods, poplar trees, hickory trees
name 7 animals that could be found in a deciduous forest
foxes, dder, opossums, racoons, squrrels, skunks, turkeys
all locations near the equator are reffered to as what
where temperate regions located
above the tropic of cancer below tropic of capricorn
the areas closest to the north or south poles are referred to as what
what are two kinds of rainforests?
tropical and temperate
what is the temperature range in a temperate rainforest
9 degrees C to 12 degrees C
what is the amount of precipatation that a temperate rainforest gets a year
what is an example of a temperate rainforest
describe the trees in a temperate rainforest
have needle like structures instead of leaves
give 6 examples of temperate rainforest plants
fir, cedar, spruce, yew, sequoia, redwoods
name 4 animals that would be found in a temperate rainforest
bobcats, spotted owl, cougar, black bears
what is the temperature of a tropical rainforest (jungle)
25 degrees C
this temperature applies day and night. it remains fairly constant
what is another name for a tropical rainforest
what kind of temperatures does a tropical rainforest have and why
warm because of its proximity to the equator
tropical rainforest have the greatest diversity of _____
there are over ______ species in a tropical rainforest
how often are new organisms identified
name 7 examples of animals found in a tropical rainforest.
monkeys, exotic birds, tree frogs, boa constrictors, tarantulas, tapir, tigers
is the soil rich or poor in a tropical rainforest
why is the soil poor in a tropical rainforest
large numbers of decomposers who feed off of the dead organisms and recycle the nutrients back to growing plants. also a result of erosion, which washes away the soil
what is another name for a taiga
what does the word conifer mean
what is an example of a conifer
evergreens which have there seeds inside of a cone
what are 5 examples of plants in a taiga
pine trees, cedars, firs, sequoia, redwoods
what are taiga's winters like
lots of snow
what are taiga's summers like
short and cool
what is the temperature range in a coniferous forest
-16 to 23 degrees C
where is the taiga located
below the tundra regions in north america (wisconsin michigan, canada)
what is the soil like in a taiga
shallow and acidic (type of soil evergreens thrive in)
name 7 examples of animals in a coniferous forest
caribou, wolves, moose, mink, bear, ducks, salamanders
what are the winters like in a tundra
long and harsh. usually last 6 to 9 months
what are the summers like in a tundra
tundra receives very little _________
what do people compare tundras to and why
deserts due to the amount of precipatation
how much precipatation does a tundra receive a year
less then 25cm
what is permafrost
permanately frozen soil
tundra is covered with ____ most of the year
where is a tundra located
near the poles of earth
true or false?
tundras are treeless.
what is the average temperature of a tundra
around -12 degrees C