PPE-Chapter 7

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PPE-Chapter 7
2012-10-04 14:00:55

Chapter 7: Allport
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  1. emphasizes the development of a person, a unified and conscious whole
  2. the dynamic organization within an individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to the environments.
  3. biologically based differences in personality (innate emotional aspects of personality)
  4. characteristic of a person that makes a person unique, with a unique style of adapting to stimuli in the world.
  5. which are possessed by only one person
    Individual traits (unique traits)
  6. are possessed by many people, each to a varying extent.
    Common traits
  7.  concerned with one’s style or tempo of bx 
    How fast or slow, energetic, or graceful a  person is in action
    Expressive traits
  8. A trait that influences a limited range of behaviors.
    Secondary trait
  9. One of the traits that best describes a particular person

    Pervasively affects many behaviors
    Central traits
  10. So pervasive that it dominates just about everything a person does.
    Cardinal triats
  11. A trait’s independence of its developmental origins

    (Whatever the original cause for developing a motive or trait, at some point it begins to function independently of its origins)
    Functional autonomy
  12. Realistically perceives the world. Both unrealistic optimism, and unrealistic pessimism are avoided
    Realistic perception, skills, and assignments
  13. healthy individuals are emotionally secure and accept themselves, having high self-esteem
    Emotional security (Self-acceptance)
  14. healthy person has a capacity for warm human interaction
    Warm human interaction
  15. developed person has a variety of autonomous interests, that he can lose himself in work, in contemplation, in recreation, and in loyalty to others
    Extension of the sense of self
  16. seeing themselves accurately from an objective perspective, with insight, and often a sense of humor
    Self-objectification: insight and humor
  17. an attitude or set of values, often religious, that gives  coherence and meaning to life.
    Unifying philosophy of life
  18. Latin phrase indicating the integration of diverse elements in a healthy personality.
    Unitas multiplex
  19. all aspects of a person that make for unity; a person’s sense of self or ego

    Develops gradually through lifetime
  20. Child develops a sense of his existence as a separate person.
  21. Develops capacity for pride through achievement, and for humiliation and selfishness.
  22. objects or people that help define a person’s identity or sense of self) such as personal possessions
  23.  a stage in adulthood in which a person integrates the self into a unified whole.
    Self as knower
  24. effort based on a sense of selfhood or identity
    Propriate striving
  25. middle childhood years, in which problem solving ability is important to one’s sense of self
    Rational coper
  26. includes both evaluation of our present abilities, status and roles, and our aspirations for the future
  27. attitude in which religion is seen as a means to a person’s other goals ( such as status or security)
    Extrinsic religious orientation
  28. attitude in which religion is accepted for its own sake rather than as a means to an end.
    Intrinsic religious orientation
  29. considering concepts from diverse theories, without making careful selection from and evaluation of these concepts
    jackdaw eclecticism
  30. Mother Teresa sense of charity for others is an example of what type of trait?
  31. Identification of the self with one's possessions first occurs at about age __________, according to Allport.
    Age 4
  32. Allport and Odbert examined the dictionary and found about __________ traits.
  33. Which statement best describes Allport's attitude toward biological influences on personality?
    b. Biological influences determine most of personality.
    c. Biological influences, along with psychological influences, are important determinants of personality.
    d. Biological influences explain mental illness, but not variations in normal personality.
    C. Biological influences, along with psychological influences, are important determinants of personality.
  34. Sally writes with large, slanted handwriting. Jane's handwriting is small and upright. Allport and Vernon (1933. studied such differences with their concept of
    Expressive traits
  35. Which of the following is not listed by Allport as characteristic of a normal, mature adult?
    A. warm human interactions
    B. realistic perceptions
    C. financial success
    D. emotional security
    C. Financial success
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A person who is extrinsically religious is likely to agree with which statement?

    a. "My religious beliefs influence all my important life decisions."
    b. "One reason for my being a church member is that it helps establish a person in the community."
    b. "One reason for my being a church member is that it helps establish a person in the community."
  37. Allport and Odbert identified 17,953 trait names by studying
    The dictionary
  38. When Allport compared a computer analysis of the letters from Jenny to the results of his own structural-dynamic analysis, he found
    That the results were quite similar
  39. Which statement best describes Allport's attitude toward heredity?
    A. Heredity is of little importance to personality.
    B. All features of personality are influenced by heredity, at least to some extent.
    C. Heredity influences intelligence, but not other aspects of personality.
    B. All features of personality are influenced by heredity, at least to some extent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Allport describes a central issue in the 1- to 2-year-old's development: recognition of his or her
  41. Helson and Wink (1987), in a longitudinal study of adult women, found that
    Women sometimes experienced conflict between individual development and the demands of society, and Allport's theory did not consider such conflict.
  42. Arranged in order from most pervasive to least pervasive in an individual's personality, Allport describes these traits:
    Cardinal, Central, Secondary
  43. According to Allport, the ultimate real unit of personality is
    a unique trait, which has psychophysical reality within an individual.
  44. The half dozen or so major personality dispositions of a person are __________.
    Central traits
  45. According to Allport, there is little personality change after age __________ years.
  46. Allport's saying, "The same heat that melts the butter hardens the egg" illustrates