Government: Civil Liberties

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LaineyxRawr
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175571
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Government: Civil Liberties
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2012-10-04 17:25:47
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  1. The Bill of Rights was enacted in response to fears that

    A) state governments were too weak.
    B) the Constitution did not do enough to protect the rights of individuals.
    C)the Constitution did too much to protect the rights of individuals.
    D) the national government was too weak.
    E) the majority threatened political stability in the United States.
    B
  2. Which of the following is NOT a liberty protected under the First Amendment?

    A) The right to petition the government for redress
    B) Freedom of religion
    C) Freedom of speech
    D) Freedom of the press
    E) The right to bear arms
    E
  3. The _____ standard places the burden on the government to demonstrate the necessity of a specific law in order to outweigh an individual's specific rights

    A)strict scrutiny
    B) general interest
    C) public good
    D) national security
    E) clear and present danger
    A
  4. According to critics, barring sponsored prayers in public schools violates the individual expression of religion by students, demonstrating the tensions between

    A)strict scrutiny and the general interest.
    B) individual liberties and national security.
    C) the establishment clause and the free exercise clause.
    D)the First and Second Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
    E) civil liberties and the First Amendment.
    C
  5. The form of speech typically viewed by the courts as least deserving of protection under the First Amendment is
    A) political speech.
    B) transformative speech.
    C) commercial speech.
    D) symbolic speech.
    E) activist speech.
    C
  6. Which of the following is NOT a limit on freedom of speech generally accepted by the courts as constitutional?
    A )reasonable time
    B) prior restraint
    C) fighting words doctrine
    D) reasonable place
    E) manner restrictions
    B
  7. The rule that prohibits illegally obtained evidence from being used against a criminal defendant is referred to as the
    A) defendant protection act.
    B) freedom of information act.
    C) liberty protection rule.
    D) exclusionary rule.
    E) procedural justice rule.
    D
  8. True or False?

    In general, the government may only interfere in the free exercise of religion when there is a compelling government interest.
    True
  9. True or False?

    In protecting freedom of speech, the Courts have historically
    permitted greater regulation of politically motivated speech than commercial speech.
    False
  10. True or False?

    Prior restraint protections do not protect authors against being sued for publication after the fact.
    True
  11. True or False?

    In Lawrence v. Texas, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the private, noncommercial sexual conduct of adults was protected by privacy rights.
    True
  12. Safeguards for those accused of crime; these rights constrain government conduct in investigating crimes, trying cases, and punishing offenders.
    Criminal Due Process Rights
  13. Being tried twice for the same crime; prohibited by the Fifth Amendment.
    Double Jeopardy
  14. Ancient right that protects and individual in custody from being held without the ability to be heard in a court of law.
    Habeas Corpus
  15. A general principal stating that evidence obtained illegally cannot be used against a defendant in a criminal prosecution.
    Exclusionary Rule
  16. Criminal procedural rule requiring police to inform criminal suspects, on their arrest, of their legal rights such as: the right to remain silent and the right to counsel. These warnings must be read to suspects before interrogation
    Miranda Rights
  17. Freedom of speech can be silenced
    A) under no circumstances.
    B) when the speech is unpopular.
    C) when it is highly likely that immediate harm will result from the speech.
    D) when the speech has a tendency to incite crime or disturb the public peace.
    C
  18. Which of the following acts is not protected by the First Amendment?
    A) throwing a rotten tomato at a performer
    B) burning the American flag
    C) booing down a government official
    D) All the answers are correct.
    A
  19. The right to privacy is explicitly guaranteed by
    A) the Ninth Amendment.
    B) the Fourth Amendment and the Fifth Amendment.
    C) the Third Amendment.
    D) It's not explicitly listed in the constitution.
    D
  20. A state that executes its criminals must do so
    humanely, in a way that minimizes their suffering
    No cruel or unusual punishment
  21. Once acquitted of murder, a suspect cannot be
    indicted and tried again when a district attorney uncovers new evidence
    No double jeopardy
  22. Police must obtain a warrant before they can
    search the house of an individual suspected of dealing drugs
    No illegal search and seizures
  23. The government cannot hold suspects in an
    alleged crime ring indefinitely without trying them, even though gathering evidence against the ring takes time
    Speedy public trial
  24. A victim in an assault case must testify in court if called, and submit to cross-examination by the defendant
    Confront Witnesses
  25. A suspect has a right to have a lawyer present while being questioned by police
    Legal Counsel
  26. A defendant does not have to testify at his or her own trial
    No Self-incrimination
  27. CA suspect admits to a crime over a phone on which the police have set up an illegal wiretap; the resulting confession cannot be admitted in court
    Exclusionary Rule
  28. Which of the following is an example of symbolic speech?

    A) wearing an arm band
    B) signing a petition
    C) writing a letter to a newspaper
    D) saying a prayer
    A

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