Government Constitution

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LaineyxRawr
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Government Constitution
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2012-10-04 19:08:13
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  1. Which of the following was a power granted to the national government under the Articles of Confederation?

    A) Regulate commerce
    B) Collect taxes
    C) Establish courts
    D) Establish a draft
    E) Establish a national money system
    C
  2. Which of the following was NOT a reason for the failure of the Articles of Confederation?

    A) The national government set the tax rate too high.
    B) The national government had no way to regulate interstate commerce.
    C) The national government was not able to conduct foreign affairs.
    D) The nation experienced an economic revival during the 1780s.
    E) There was no effective national leadership.
    A
  3. Under the Articles of Confederation, the central government had the power to

    A) raise taxes.
    B) raise an army.
    C) borrow money.
    D) regulate foreign trade.
    E) form a national bank.
    C
  4. Which of the following was NOT a feature of the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention?

    A) A multi-person executive council
    B) Life terms for judges appointed by the legislature
    C) A system whereby acts of the new national legislature would override state law
    D) A system of checks and balances
    E) A Council of Revision to review national and state laws
    A
  5. Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution prohibited Congress from

    A) ending the slave trade for 20 years.
    B) imposing a national income tax.
    C) overturning the decisions of the states.
    D) removing a sitting official from office.
    E) undermining the power of the president.
    A
  6. Article VI of the Constitution outlines what important principle in American government?

    A) Equality of citizenship
    B) Checks and balances
    C) Rights of citizenship
    D) The supremacy of the national government
    E) The process by which the Constitution could be amended
    D
  7. Which article of the Constitution deals with the executive branch?

    A) Article I
    B) Article II
    C) Article III
    D) Article IV
    E) Article V
    B
  8. Which article of the Constitution deals with the legislative branch

    A) Article I
    B) Article II
    C) Article III
    D) Article IV
    E) Article V
    A
  9. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the respective roles of each branch of government?

    A) The executive creates the law, the legislature enforces the law, and the courts punish people who break the law.
    B) The courts create the law, the legislature interprets the law, and the executive enforces the law.
    C) The legislature makes the law, the executive carries the law into force, and the courts resolve disputes over the law. D) The legislature creates the law, the states enforce the law, and the courts interpret the law.
    E) The states create the law, the legislature interprets the law, and the courts enforce the law.
    C
  10. A system of government in which political power and functions are divided among different layers of government, such as the national government and the states, is referred to as a(n) _____ system

    A) unitary
    B) confederal
    C) federal
    D) devolved unitary
    E) proportional representation
    C
  11. The powers explicitly granted to the national government by the U.S. Constitution are usually referred to a

    A) horizontal powers.
    B) relative powers.
    C) expressed powers.
    D) implied powers.
    E) distributive powers.
    B
  12. The Constitutional requirement that states accept and recognize the legal proceedings of other states is embodied in the

    A) distributional powers clause.
    B) full faith and credit clause.
    C) federal supremacy clause.
    D) privileges and immunities clause.
    E) justice clause.
    B
  13. Which of the following powers is an example of a power possessed by Congress that acts as a check on the courts?

    A) Paying judges' salaries
    B) Creating lower federal courts
    C) Investigating presidential actions
    D) Nominating judges for the courts
    E) Declaring laws unconstitutional
    B
  14. Which of the following powers in an example of a power possessed by the courts that acts as a check on the Congress?

    A) Declaring a law unconstitutional
    B) Creating lower federal courts
    C) Removing a sitting member of Congress
    D) Proposing constitutional amendments
    E) Nominating judges to the courts
    A
  15. The Bill of Rights was ratified

    A) at the Constitutional Convention.
    B) immediately after they were proposed.
    C) more than a decade after the Constitution was ratified.
    D) in the early nineteenth century.
    E) after adoption of the Constitution.
    E
  16. True or False?

    The term "liberty" refers to the belief that individuals should be as free as possible from government interference in private actions.
    True
  17. True or False?

    According to the Declaration of Independence, individual rights are granted by governments.
    False
  18. True or False?

    One of the main debates at the Constitutional Convention was the degree to which the new government would balance the competing demands for direct and representative democracy
    False
  19. True or False?

    The founders believed the national government would play a limited role in government, centering on policy powers, commercial matters, foreign affairs and national security.
    True
  20. True or False?

    The ideal form of government for the founders was one that would be responsive to public pressure but slow to change to popular demands.
    True
  21. A political system in which all citizens have a chance to play a role in shaping government action and are afforded basic rights and liberties.
    Democracy 
  22. A written list of citizens' liberties within a constitution that establishes a limited government by ensuring both the people and the government know what freedoms the government cannot violate.
    Bill of Rights
  23. A legislature comprised of a single chamber.
    Unicameral Legislature
  24. Rights that no government can deny.
    Natural Rights
  25. A legislature comprised of two chambers.
    Bicameral Legislature
  26. Presents the fundamental principles of a government and establishes the basic structure and procedures by which the government operates to fulfill those principles.
    Constitution
  27. A system of government in which a small group of elected representatives acts on behalf of the many.
    Republic

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