Medical Terminology

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auntlilly
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Medical Terminology
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2012-10-18 13:56:56
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  1. andr/o
    Male
  2. -megaly
    Enlargement
  3. -rrhaphy
    suturing, repairing
  4. -trophy
    Nourishment, development
  5. -uria
    urine, urination
  6. -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  7. -ptosis
    drooping, sagging, prolapse
  8. -gram
    record, radiographic image
  9. -lysis
    loosening, dissolution, seperating
  10. lith/o
    stone, calculus
  11. cyst/o, vesic/o
    bladder, sac
  12. meat/o
    meatus (opening)
  13. -oasis, -esis
    condition
  14. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  15. blast/o
    developing cell, germ cell
  16. son/o
    sound
  17. tom/o
    cut, insetion
  18. olig/o
    scanty, few
  19. azot/o
    urea, nitrogen
  20. ureter/o
    ureter
  21. anter/o
    front
  22. cephal/o
    head (upward)
  23. -sis
    state of
  24. -scopic
    pertaining to visual examination
  25. -oid
    resembling
  26. -plasm
    growth, substance, formation
  27. -stasis
    control, stop, standing
  28. atel/o
    imperfect, incomplete
  29. iatr/o
    physician, medicine (also means treatment)
  30. meta-
    after, beyond, change
  31. somat/o
    body
  32. -tome
    instrument used to cut
  33. viscer/o
    internal organs
  34. -cele
    hernia or protrusion
  35. -stenosis
    constriction or narrowing
  36. -ectasis
    streatching out, dialation, expansion
  37. seb/o
    sebum (oil)
  38. trich/o
    hair
  39. -algia
    pain
  40. sarc/o
    flesh, connective tissue
  41. -ad
    toward
  42. -ia
    diseased or abnormal state, condition of
  43. heter/o
    other
  44. pachy/o
    thick
  45. staphyl/o
    grapelike clusters
  46. xer/o
    dry
  47. alveol/o
    alveolus
  48. -tomy
    cut into or incision
  49. hem/o, hemat/o
    blood
  50. spir/o
    breathe, breathing
  51. -pexy
    surgical fixation, suspension
  52. -malacia
    softening
  53. -centesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate fluid (with a sterile needle)
  54. orth/o
    straight
  55. -emia
    blood condition
  56. eti/o
    cause (of disease)
  57. capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  58. para-
    beside, beyond, around, abnormal
  59. coni/o
    dust
  60. -opsy
    view of, viewing
  61. dia-
    through, complete
  62. ventr/o
    belly (front)
  63. rhytid/o
    wrinkles
  64. -phagia
    eating or swallowing
  65. -al, -ic, -ous
    pertaining to
  66. lei/o
    smooth
  67. sept/o
    septum (wall off, fence)
  68. -plasia
    condition of formation, development, growth
  69. -gen
    substance or agent that produces or causes
  70. pulmon/o
    lung
  71. kary/o
    nucleus
  72. -pnea
    breathing
  73. erythr/o
    red
  74. pleur/o
    pleura
  75. -genic
    producing, originating, causing
  76. tachy-
    fast, rapid
  77. -scopy
    visual examination
  78. -osis
    abnormal condition
  79. caud/o
    tail (downward)
  80. hidr/o
    sweat
  81. rhabd/o
    rod-shaped, striated
  82. onc/o
    tumor, mass
  83. dys-
    painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
  84. -ior
    pertaining to
  85. onych/o, ungu/o
    nail
  86. xanth/o
    yellow
  87. path/o
    disease
  88. chrom/o
    color
  89. -ar, -ary, -eal
    pertaining to
  90. cyan/o
    blue
  91. -coccus (pl. -cocci)
    berry shaped (formed of bacterium)
  92. myc/o
    fungus
  93. -rrhagia
    rapid flow of blood
  94. -oma
    tumor, sweling
  95. melan/o
    black
  96. hyper-
    above, excessive
  97. bronchi/o, bronch/o
    bronchus
  98. -ism
    state of
  99. strept/o
    twisted chains
  100. somn/o
    sleep
  101. vesicul/o
    seminal vesicle
  102. cutane/o, deem/o, dermat/o
    skin
  103. chlor/o
    green
  104. phon/o
    sound, voice
  105. ox/o, ox/i
    oxygen
  106. endo-
    within
  107. -plasty
    surgical repair
  108. diaphragmat/o, phren/o
    diaphragm
  109. laryng/o
    larynx
  110. nas/o, rhin/o
    nose
  111. crypt/o
    hidden
  112. dist/o
    away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
  113. cut/o
    cell
  114. cancer/o, carcin/o
    cancer
  115. super/o
    above
  116. bi-
    two
  117. poster/o
    back, behind
  118. later/o
    side
  119. adeboid/o
    adenoid
  120. sub-
    under, below
  121. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  122. per-
    through
  123. -metry
    measurment
  124. kerat/o
    horny tissue, hard
  125. trans-
    through, across, beyond
  126. -a
    noun suffix, no meaning
  127. glyc/o, glycos/o
    sugar
  128. urethr/o
    urethra
  129. urin/o, ur/o
    urine, urinary tract
  130. noct/i
    night
  131. hydr/o
    water
  132. hist/o
    tissue
  133. epi-
    on, upon, over
  134. -itis
    inflammation
  135. hypo-
    below, incomplete, deficient
  136. neo-
    new
  137. my/o
    muscle
  138. -logist
    one who studies and treats (specialists, physician)
  139. proxim/o
    near (the point of attachment of a body part)
  140. -logy
    study of
  141. -sarcoma
    malignant tumor
  142. system/o
    system
  143. organ/o
    organ
  144. bi/o
    life
  145. gno/o
    knowledge
  146. intra-
    within
  147. epitheli/o
    epithelium
  148. -graphy
    process of recording radiographic imaging
  149. neur/o
    nerve
  150. dors/o
    back
  151. -cyte
    cell
  152. py/o
    pus
  153. medi/o
    middle
  154. pro-
    before
  155. -ectomy
    excision or surgical removal
  156. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  157. muc/o
    mucus
  158. -pathy
    disease
  159. sinus/o
    sinus
  160. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  161. trache/o
    trachea
  162. fibr/o
    fiber
  163. lip/o
    fat
  164. -meter
    instument used to measure
  165. pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o
    lung, air
  166. thorac/o
    thorax (chest)
  167. -thorax
    chest
  168. -spasm
    sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
  169. poly-
    many, much
  170. uni-
    one
  171. infer/o
    below
  172. aut/o
    self
  173. eu-
    normal, good
  174. aden/o
    gland
  175. lob/o
    lobe
  176. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  177. epididym/o
    epididymis
  178. orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o
    testis, testicle
  179. vas/o
    vassel, duct
  180. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  181. sperm/o, spermat/o
    spermatozoon, sperm
  182. -scope
    instrument used for visual examinations
  183. a-, an-
    without of absence of
  184. -stomy
    creation of an artificial opening
  185. leuk/o
    white
  186. balan/o
    gladns penis
  187. albumin/o
    albumin
  188. nephr/o, ren/o
    kidney
  189. glomerul/o
    glomerulus
  190. pan-
    all, total
  191. necr/o
    death (cells, body)
  192. Benign
    Not malignant
  193. Carcinoma in Situ
    Cancer in early stage before invading tissue
  194. Chemotherapy (chemo)
    Treatment of cancer with drugs
  195. Encapsulated
    Enclosed in a capsule, Usually benign Tumors
  196. Exacerbation
    Increase of severity of disease or its symptoms
  197. Idiopathic
    Pertaining to disease of unknown origin
  198. Inflammation
    Response to injury or destruction of tissues
  199. In vitro
    Within a glass or test tube
  200. In Vivo
    Within the living body
  201. Malignant
    Tending to become increasingly worse and to cause death
  202. Radiation Therapy
    Treatment of cancer with radioactive substance, x-ray or radiation. Also called radiation oncology and radiotherapy
  203. Remission
    Improvement or absence of signs of disease
  204. -tocia
    birth, labor
  205. -rrhexis
    rupture
  206. -partum
    childbirth, labor
  207. ante-, pre-
    before
  208. micro-
    small
  209. multi-
    many
  210. nulli-
    none
  211. -cyesis
    pregnancy
  212. -e, -is, -us, -um
    noun suffix, no meaning
  213. post-
    after
  214. -amnios
    amnion, amniotic fluid
  215. puerper/o
    childbirth
  216. cephal/o
    head
  217. esophag/o
    esophagus
  218. pelv/i,  pelv/o
    pelivc bone, pelivs
  219. terat/o
    malformations
  220. pylor/o
    pylorus, pyloric sphincter
  221. pseud/o
    false
  222. prim/i
    first
  223. par/o, part/o
    bear, give birth to, labor, childbirth
  224. omphal/o
    umbilicus, navel
  225. nat/o
    birth
  226. lact/o
    milk
  227. chori/o
    chorion
  228. embry/o
    embryo, to be full
  229. fet/o, fet/i
    fetus, unborn child
  230. gravid/o
    pregnancy
  231. oophor/o
    ovary
  232. men/o
    menstruation
  233. salping/o
    uterine (fallopian) tube
  234. perine/o
    perineum
  235. -salpinx
    uterine (fallopian) tube
  236. amni/o, amnion/o
    amnion, amniotic fluid
  237. -atresia
    absence of normal body opening, occlusion, closure
  238. peri-
    surrounding (outer)
  239. mamm/o, mast/o
    breast
  240. hyster/o, metr/o, metr/i
    uterus
  241. hymen/o
    hymen
  242. gynec/o, gyn/o
    woman
  243. colp/o, vagin/o
    vagina
  244. cervic/o
    cervix
  245. episi/o, vulv/o
    vulva
  246. culd/o
    cul-de-sac
  247. arche/o
    first, beginning
  248. angi/o
    vessel
  249. aort/o
    aorta
  250. arteri/o
    artery
  251. cardi/o
    heart
  252. atri/o
    atrium
  253. splen/o
    spleen
  254. plasm/o
    plasma
  255. valv/o, valvul/o
    valve
  256. thym/o
    thymus gland
  257. phleb/o, ven/o
    vein
  258. myel/o
    bone marrow
  259. lymph/o
    lymph, lymph tissue
  260. lymphaden/o
    lymph node
  261. therm/o
    heat
  262. isch/o
    dificiency, blockage
  263. brady-
    slow
  264. thromb/o
    clot
  265. electr/o
    electricity, electrical activity
  266. ech/o
    sound
  267. ather/o
    yellowish, fatty plaque
  268. ventricul/o
    ventricle
  269. -penia
    abnormal reduction in number
  270. -graph
    instrument used to record, record
  271. -sclerosis
    hardening
  272. -poiesis
    formation
  273. -apheresis
    removal
  274. -ac
    pertaining to
  275. benign
    not malignant
  276. carcinoma in situ
    Cancer in early stage before invading tissue
  277. chemotherapy
    treatment of cancer with drugs
  278. chemo
    chemotherapy
  279. encapsulated
    enclosed in a capsule
  280. exacerbation
    increase of severity of disease or its symptoms
  281. idiopathic
    pertaining to disease of unknown origin
  282. inflammation
    response to injury or destruction of tissues
  283. in vitro
    within a glass or test tube
  284. in vivo
    within the living body
  285. malignant
    tending to become increasingly worse and to casue death
  286. radiation therapy
    treatment of cancer with radioactive substance, x-ray or radiation
  287. remission
    improvement or absence of signs of desease
  288. CA
    carcinoma
  289. Dx
    diagnosis
  290. mets
    metastasis
  291. Px
    prognosis
  292. RBC
    red blood cell
  293. XRT
    radiation therapy
  294. WBC
    white blood cell
  295. abrasion
    scraping away of skin by mecahnical process or injury
  296. abscess
    localization collection of pus
  297. acne
    inflammatory disease of skin
  298. actinic keratosis
    precancerous condition of horny tissue
  299. albinism
    congenital hereditary condition
  300. basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
    epithelial tumor that arises from the epidermis
  301. candidiasis
    fungal infection of skin, mouth (thrush) or vagina caused by overgrowth of candida albicans
  302. carbuncle
    skin infections, cluster of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria
  303. cellulitis
    inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection
  304. contusion (bruise)
    injury with no break in skin, characterized by pain, swelling, dicoloration
  305. eczema
    noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease; characterized by redness, blisters, scabs and itching
  306. fissue
    slit or cracklike sore in skin
  307. furuncle (boil)
    painful skin node
  308. gangrene
    death of tissue
  309. herpes
    inflammatory skin disease
  310. impetigo
    superficial skin infection
  311. infection
    invasion of pathogens in body tissue
  312. Kaposi sarcoma
    cancerous condition; starts as purple or brown papules on lower extremities
  313. laceration
    torn, ragged-edged wound
  314. lesion
    visible change in tissue resulting from injury or desease
  315. MRSA infection
    methicillin resistant Staphyloccus aureus
  316. pediculosis
    invasion into skin and hair by lice
  317. psoriasis
    chronic skin condition; produces red lesions covered with silvery scales
  318. rosacea
    chronic disorder of skin that produces erythema, papules, pustules, and broken vessel
  319. scabies
    skin infection caused by itch mites
  320. scleroderma
    disease characterized by chronic hardening of connective tissue of skin and other organs
  321. shingles (herpes zoster)
    painful, inflamed blisters that follow the route of a nerve
  322. squamous cell carncinoma (SqCCA)
    malignant growth that develops from scale-like epithelial tissue
  323. systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
    chronic inflammatory disease involving skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system
  324. tinea
    fungal infection of skin
  325. urticaria (hives)
    itching skin eruption
  326. vitiligo
    white patches on skin
  327. cauterization
    destruction of tissue with hot or cold
  328. cryosurgery
    destruction of tissue using extremet cold
  329. debridement
    removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from open wound.
  330. dermabrasion
    procedure to remove skin scars with use of abrasive material such as sandpaper
  331. excision
    removal by cutting
  332. inceision 
    surgical cut or wound produced by a sharp instrument
  333. incision and drainage
    surgical cut to allow free flow or withdrawal of fluids from lesion, wound or cavity
  334. adipose
    fat, fatty
  335. allergy
    hypersensitivity to a substance
  336. alopecia
    loss of hair
  337. bacteria
    single-celled microorganisms that reproduce by cell division
  338. cicatrix
    scar
  339. cyst
    closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
  340. cytomegalovirus (CMV)
    herpes type virus that usually caused disease when immune system is compromised
  341. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  342. ecchymosis (bruise)
    escape of blood into tissue, caused superficial discoloration
  343. edema
    puffy swelling of tissue from accumulation of fluid
  344. erythema
    redness
  345. induration
    abnormal hard spot(s)
  346. fungus
    organism that feeds by absorbing organic molecules from surroundings
  347. jaundice (xanthoderma)
    condition characterized by yellow tinge to skin
  348. keloid
    overgrowth of scar tissue
  349. leukoplakia
    condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane
  350. macule
    colored spot on skin
  351. nevus (mole)
    cicumscribed malformation of skin
  352. nodule
    small, knotlike mass that can be felt by touch
  353. pallor
    paleness
  354. papule (pimple)
    small, solid skin elevation
  355. petechia (pl. petechiae)
    pinpoint skin hemorrhage
  356. pressure ulcer (decubitus ulcer, decub, bedsore)
    eroded sore on skin caused by prolonged pressure
  357. pruritus
    severe itching
  358. purpura
    disorder characterized by hemorrhages into tissue which gives skin a purple-red discoloration
  359. pustule
    elevation of skin containing pus
  360. ulcer
    eroded sore on skin or mucous mumbrane
  361. verruca (wart)
    cicumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus 
  362. vesicle (blister)
    small elvation of epidermis containing liquid
  363. virus
    minute microorganism smaller than a bacterium
  364. wheal
    itchy elevation of skin with white center and red surrounding area
  365. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  366. Bx
    biopsy
  367. MRSA
    methicillin-resistant staph aureus
  368. CA-MRSA
    community-acquired MRSA
  369. HA-MRSA
    hospital-aquired MRSA
  370. CMV
    cytomeglavirus
  371. decub
    decubitus
  372. derm
    dermatology
  373. I&D
    incision and drainage
  374. ID
    intradermal
  375. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosis
  376. SqCCA
    squamous cell carcinoma
  377. Staph
    staphylococcus
  378. strep
    streptococcus
  379. subcut (subq, sq)
    subcutaneous
  380. TD
    transdermal
  381. Fowler Position
    semi-siting position with slight elevation of the knees
  382. lithotomy position
    lying on back with legs raised and feet in stiirrups
  383. Prone Position
    lying on abdomen, facing downward
  384. Orthopnea position
    sitting erect in a chair or sitting upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest (also called orthonpneic position)
  385. Recumbent Position
    lying down in any position
  386. Sims position
    lying on left side with right knee drawn up and with left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back
  387. Supine Position
    Lying on back, facing upward
  388. Trendelenburg Position
    Lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet
  389. ant
    anterior
  390. AP
    anteroposterior
  391. PA
    posteroanterior
  392. inf
    inferior
  393. lat
    lateral
  394. med
    medial
  395. sup
    superior
  396. adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
    respiratory failure in an adult which results from disease or injury
  397. asthma
    respiratory disease
  398. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    group of disorders almost always a result of smoking that obstructs bronchial flow
  399. coccidioidomycosis (valley fever, cocci)
    fungal disease affecting lungs and sometimes other organs of body
  400. cor pulmonale
    serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders
  401. croup
    condition resulting from acute obstruction of larynx
  402. cystic fibrosis (CF)
    hereditary disorder of exocrine glands
  403. deviated septum
    one part of nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury
  404. emphysema
    caused by alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity
  405. epistaxis (rhinorrhagia)
    nosebleed
  406. influenza (flu)
    highly infectious respirtory disease caused by a virus
  407. Legionnaire disease
    lobar pneumonia based by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila
  408. obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
    repetitive pharygeal collapse during sleep
  409. pertussis (whooping cough)
    highly contagious bacterial infection of respiratory tract
  410. pleural effusion
    escape of fluid into pleural space as a result of inflammation
  411. pulmonary edema
    fluid accumulation in alveoli and bronchioles
  412. pulmonary embolism (PE)
    foreign matter carried in circulation to pulmonary artery where it blocks circulation
  413. tuberculosis (TB)
    infectious disease
  414. upper respiratory infection (URI)
    infection of nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx
  415. Diagnostic imaging
    chest computed tomography scan (CT scan)
  416. Labratory
    acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear
  417. arterial blood gases (ABGs)
    determines levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide and otehr gases
  418. peak flow meter
    portable instrument ot measure forced exhalation
  419. pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
    group of tests to measure breathing
  420. pulse oximetry
    measures oxygen in blood using device attached to fingertip
  421. auscultation
    listening to body sounds through stethoscope
  422. percussion
    tapping on body surface with fingers
  423. stethoscope
    instrument used to hear internal body sounds
  424. airway
    passageway through which air enters and leave lung
  425. asphyxia
    suffocation
  426. aspirate
    withdraw or suction fluid from respiratory tract
  427. bronchoconstrictor
    agent that causes narrowing of bronchi
  428. bronchodilator
    agent that cause bronchi to widen
  429. cough
    sudden, noisy expulsion of air from lungs
  430. hiccup
    spasmodic contrction of diaphragm
  431. hyperventilation
    ventilation beyond normal body needs
  432. hypoventilation
    ventilation does not fulfill body's gas exchange needs
  433. mucopurulent
    containng both mucus and pus
  434. mucus
    slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
  435. nebulizer
    respiratory treatment
  436. nosocomial infection
    infection acquired during hospitaliation
  437. paroxysm
    sudden, periodic attack
  438. patent
    open
  439. sputum
    mucus secretion expelled from lungs, bronchi, trachea through mouth
  440. ventilator
    mechanical device used to assist with a substitute for breathing
  441. ABGs
    arterial blood gases
  442. AFB
    acid-fast bacillus
  443. ARDS
    adult (acute) respiratory distress syndrome
  444. CF
    cystic fibrosis
  445. Co2
    carbon dioxide
  446. COPD
    chronic obsturctive pulmonary disease
  447. CT
    computed tomography
  448. CXR
    chest x-ray
  449. flu
    influenza
  450. LLL
    left lower lobe
  451. LTB
    larngotracheobronchitis (croup)
  452. LUL
    left upper lobe
  453. O2
    oxygen
  454. OSA
    obstructive sleep apnea
  455. PE
    pulmonary embolism
  456. PFTs
    pulmonary function tests
  457. PSG
    polysomnography
  458. RLL
    right lower lobe
  459. RML
    right middle lobe
  460. RUL
    right upper lobe
  461. SOB
    shortness of breath
  462. TB
    tuberculosis
  463. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  464. VPS
    ventilation perfusion scan (lung scan)
  465. BiPAP
    bilevel positive airway pressure
  466. CPT
    cehst physiotherapy
  467. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  468. DPI
    dry powder inhaler
  469. HME
    heat/moisture exchanger
  470. IPPB
    intermittent poitive pressure breathing
  471. MDI
    metered dose inhaler
  472. NPPV
    noninvassive positive-pressure ventilator
  473. PEP
    positive expiratory pressure
  474. SVN
    small volume nebulizer
  475. VAp
    ventilator associated pneumonia
  476. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood vessel)
  477. aort/o
    aorta
  478. arteri/o
    artery
  479. atri/o
    atrium
  480. cardi/o
    heart
  481. phleb/o, ven/o
    vein
  482. plasm/o
    plasma
  483. valv/o, valvul/o
    valve
  484. ventricul/o
    ventricle
  485. ather/o
    fatty plaque, yellowish
  486. ech/o
    sound
  487. electr/o
    electricity, electrical activity
  488. isch/o
    deficiency, blockage
  489. therm/o
    heat
  490. thromb/o
    clot
  491. brady-
    slow
  492. -ac
    pertaining to
  493. -graph
    instrument used to record
  494. -sclerosis
    hardening
  495. acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
    sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to heart
  496. aneurysm
    ballooning of weakened portion of arterial wall
  497. angina pectoris
    chest pain from insufficient supply of blood to heart
  498. arrhythmia
    disturbance or abnormality in heart's normal rhythmic pattern
  499. atrial fibrillation (Afib, A-fib)
    cardiac arrhythmia causing chaotic, rapid electrical impulses in the atria
  500. cardia arrest
    sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation
  501. cardiac tamponade
    acute compression of the heart by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
  502. coarctation of the aorta
    narrowing of the aorta
  503. congenital heart disease
    heart abnormality present at birth
  504. congestive heart failure (CHF)
    inability of heart to pump sufficient blood supply
  505. coronary artery disease (CAD)
    condtion of reduced blood flow through coronary arteries to myocardium
  506. coronary occlusion
    obstruction of an artery
  507. deep vein thromnbosis (DVT)
    condition of thrombus in a deep vein
  508. hypertensive heart disese (HHD)
    disorder of teh heart caused by persistent high blood pressure
  509. intermittent claudication
    pain/discomfort in calf muscles while walking
  510. mitral valve stenosis
    narrowing of mitral valve from scarring
  511. myocardial infarction (MI) heart attack
    death (necrosis) of a portion of th emyocardium
  512. peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
    narrowing or complete obstruction of arteries in arms and legs
  513. rheumatic heart disease
    damage to heart muscle or heart valves caused by rheumatic fever
  514. varicose veins
    distend or tortuous veins
  515. aneurysmectomy
    surgical excision of aneurysm
  516. atrial fibrillation (atrial fib) ablation
    abnormal cells that trigger atrial fib are destroyed by using radiofrequency energy
  517. cardiac pacemaker
    used to treat abnormal heart rhythm
  518. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    surgical technique to bring new blood supply to heart by detouring around blocked arteries
  519. coronary stent
    device placed in coronary artery to prevent closure of artery after angiioplasty or atherectomy
  520. embolectomy
    surgical removal of embolus or clot
  521. femoropopliteal bypass (fempop)
    surgery to establish alternate route from femoral artery to the popliteal artery to bypass an obstruction
  522. implantable cardiac defibrillator
    device iimplanted in body, continually monitors heart rhythm, delivers electric shock if life-threatening arrhythmia occurs
  523. intracoronary thrombolytic therapy
    injection of medication to dissolve blood clots in the coronary arteries
  524. percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)- also called balloon angioplasty
    proceudre ot expand inner diameter of blood vessel to allow blood to circulate more freely
  525. echocardiogram (ECHO)
    used to detect balbular disease
  526. Cardiovascular studies
    impendance plethysmography
  527. Sphygmomanometer
    device to meausure bood pressure
  528. diastole
    phase when ventricles relax between contractions
  529. extracorporeal
    occurring outside the body
  530. extravasation
    escape of blood from vessel into tissue
  531. fibrillation
    contractions of atria or ventricles becomes non-coordinated and quivers rapidly
  532. heart murmur
    humming sound
  533. hypertension
    blood pressure above normal (140/90)
  534. hypotension
    blood pressure below normal (90/60)
  535. lipids
    fats and fatlike substances
  536. lumen
    space within a tubular part of organ
  537. occlude
    to close tightly
  538. systole
    phase in cardiac cycle when ventricles contract
  539. vasoconstrictor
    agent or nerve that narrows blood vessels
  540. vasodilator
    agent or nerve that enlarges blood vessels
  541. ACS
    acute coronary syndrome
  542. Afib
    atrial fibrillation
  543. AV
    atrioventricular
  544. BP
    blood pressure
  545. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  546. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  547. CCU
    coronary care unit
  548. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  549. CPK
    creatine phosphokinase
  550. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  551. CRP
    C- reactive protein
  552. DSA
    digital subtraction angiography
  553. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  554. ECG, EKG
    electrocardiogram
  555. ECHO
    echocardiogram
  556. HHD
    hypertensive heart disease
  557. ICD
    implantable cardiac defibrillator
  558. IV
    intravenous
  559. MI
    myocardial infarction
  560. PAD
    peripheral artery diesease
  561. PT
    prothrombin time
  562. PTCA
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  563. SPECT
    single-photon emission computed tomography
  564. TEE
    transesophageal echocardiogram
  565. lymph/o
    lymph, lymph tissue
  566. lymphaden/o
    lymph node
  567. splen/o (note spelling)
    spleen
  568. thym/o
    thymus gland
  569. Hodgkin disease
    malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue
  570. infectious mononucleosis (mono)
    acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus
  571. First line of defense
    prevents foreign substances from entering the body
  572. Second line of defense
    continues to battle disease
  573. third line of defense
    specific immunity
  574. allergen
    an environmental substance capable of producing an immediate hypersensitivity in th body (allergy)
  575. allergist
    physician who studies and treats allergic conditions
  576. allergy
    hypersensitivity to an substance
  577. anaphylaxix (anaphylactic shock)
    an exaggerated, life-threatening response of a previously encounter antigen
  578. antibody (immunoglobulins)
    substance produced by lmyphocytes, inactivates or destroys antigens
  579. antigen
    substance that triggers an immune response
  580. autoimmune disease
    disease caused by the body's inability to distinguish its own cells form foreign bodie
  581. immune
    resistant to specific invading pathogens
  582. immunodeficiency
    deficient immune response caued by immune system dysfuncation
  583. immunologist
    physician who studies and treats immune system disorders
  584. immunology
    branch of medicine that deals with immune system disorders
  585. phagocytosis
    process in which some white blood cells destroy invading microorganism and old cells
  586. vaccine
    a suspension of inactivated miroorganisms to prevent infectious disease by inducing immunity
  587. Primary function of the blood
    maintains internal balance in the body
  588. Activities of the blood
    transportation, protection, regulation
  589. myel/o
    bone marrow
  590. plasm/o
    plasma
  591. thromb/o
    clot
  592. -apheresis
    removal
  593. -penia
    abnormal reduction in number
  594. -poiesis
    formation
  595. anemia
    reduction in number of red blood cells (RBCs)
  596. acute blood loss anemia
    reduction in hemoglobin and hematocrit (H&H) from hemorrhage
  597. iron-deficiency anemia
    insufficient amount of iron in the body to produce hemoglobin (chronic blood loss)

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