What is a fatal viral dz of newborn pups that can spread to the fetus, cause death, mummification, abortion, and still births?
Attention to this common vaginal microflora is usually based on failure to identify any other reasons of pregnancy loss?
mycoplasma and ureaplasma
What is excessive edema and swelling of the vagina, most common seen cranial to the urethral orifice, most often associated with proestrus and estrus, and in most cases spontaneously regresses after estrus?
Describe vaginal hyperplasia type II?
tissue protrude through vulva
Describe vaginal hyperplasia type III?
less common; prolapse of entire vaginal circumference in doughnut shaped mass
What causes Cystic endometrial hyperplasia/pyometra?
repeated exposure to P4
What is a disease of adult bitches that have gone through multiple episodes of diestrus &/or pregnancy?
Treatment of pyometra with what increases the risk?
estrogens or progestins
What type of pyometra is often associated with severe systemic signs (depression, anorexia, GI, PUPD, significant peripheral leukocytosis)
When is medical treatment of pyometra done and when is it recommended to breed again?
only when reproduction is high priority, recommended breeding at next estrus
What is lactation at end of diestrus in nonpregnant bitch, and mental changes that occur at end of luteal phase?
What are treatments of pseudopregnancy if it does not resolve spontaneously?
What is the most common malignant vaginal vulvular tumor, arises from allogenic celluar implant?
The cells of TVT contain what number of chromosomes?
59 +/- 5 chromosomes
What is the most common tumor of the uterus?
What is the most common sex cord/ stromal tumor?
granulosa cell tumor (may have elevated estrogens or P4, usually concurrent with CEH
How long can the first stage of parturition last?
average 4 hours
What are signs of impending parturition?
milk production, body temp drop of 1.2 degrees C at 8-24 hours before parturition
Which stage of parturition involves straining for the expulsive effort with or without the bitch moving about, and deliver of pups?
2nd stage of parturition
What is the green discharge prior to, or during passage of the pups?
uteroverdin, the substance colored by blood products in the zonary area of the placenta
What stage of parturition involves the passage of placenta, occurs with second stage except that the last FM is generally delivered shortly after the last pup?
3rd stage of parturition
What is it called when uterine contractions cease before expulsion of a puppy, can be inherited breed disposition, overstretching, inadequate stimulation, hypocalcemia, uterine torsion, or systemic disease?
primary uterine inertia
What is it called when prolonged uterine contractions cease after prolonged effort, uterine musculature may fail to respond to oxytocin admin?
secondary uterine inertia
What are maternal factors leading to dystocia?
breed and conformation of the birth canal
What drugs are involved with medical treatment for the relief of dystocia in the bitch?
oxytocin, calcium, ergonovine, glucose
What are diseases of late gestation and parturition that may threaten the pregnancy, fetuses, or life of the bitch in late gestation and parturition?