drugoholic cards chers 11, 12

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drugoholic cards chers 11, 12
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2012-10-05 01:30:48
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drugoholic cards chers 11, 12
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  1. diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
    Ethanolamines

    Action:(Antihistimine) blocks the action of histamine by comepting with it for the H1 receptor sites on the 'effector structures'

    Uses: (antihistamines) used for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)
  2. promethazine (Phenergan)
    phenothiazine

    Action:(Antihistimine) blocks the action of histamine by comepting with it for the H1 receptor sites on the 'effector structures'

    Uses: (antihistamines) used for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)
  3. cetirizine (Zyrtec)
    piperidines

    Action:(Antihistimine) blocks the action of histamine by comepting with it for the H1 receptor sites on the 'effector structures'

    Uses: (antihistamines) used for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)
  4. fexofenadine (Allegra)
    piperidines

    Action:(Antihistimine) blocks the action of histamine by comepting with it for the H1 receptor sites on the 'effector structures'

    Uses: (antihistamines) used for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)
  5. loratadine (Claritin)
    piperidines

    Action:(Antihistimine) blocks the action of histamine by comepting with it for the H1 receptor sites on the 'effector structures'

    Uses: (antihistamines) used for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)
  6. hydroxyzine (Vistaril)
    piperazine

    Action:(Antihistimine) blocks the action of histamine by comepting with it for the H1 receptor sites on the 'effector structures'

    Uses: (antihistamines) used for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)
  7. codeine phosphate
    narcotic antitussives

    Action: suppress the cough reflex by acting directly on the cough center in the medulla of the brain

    Uses: for the relief of overactive or nonproductive coughs
  8. hydrocodone (Hycodan)
    narcotic antitussives

    Action: suppress the cough reflex by acting directly on the cough center in the medulla of the brain

    Uses: for the relief of overactive or nonproductive coughs
  9. albuterol (Proventil)
    sympathomimetic bronchodilator

    Action: relax the smooth muscle cells of the bronchi by stimulating beta2-adrenergic receptors.  also stimulate alpha-adrenergic receptors, which produces a vasoconstriction response through the body

    Uses:  relief of symptoms of bronchospasm occurring in acute and chronic asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema (COPD)
  10. epinephrine (Adrenalin Chloride)
    sympathomimetic bronchodilator

    Action: relax the smooth muscle cells of the bronchi by stimulating beta2-adrenergic receptors.  also stimulate alpha-adrenergic receptors, which produces a vasoconstriction response through the body

    Uses:  relief of symptoms of bronchospasm occurring in acute and chronic asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema (COPD)
  11. theophylline (Elixophyllin)
    xanthine derivatives

    Action:  relax the smooth muscle cells in the bronchi and blood vessels in the lungs.  act directly on the kidneys to produce diuresis. myocardial stimulation, increased rate of breathing, effects on metabolism,  and release of epinephrine from the adrenal medulla

    Uses:  adjunctive therapy to treat the symptoms of bronchospasm in acute/chronic bronchial asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema and in treating neonatal apnea. treat acute pulmonary edema by promoting bronchodilation and diuresis
  12. montelukast sodium (Singulair)
    leukotriene receptor inhibitor

    Action: block receptors for the cysteinyl leukotirenes C4, D4, and E4

    Uses: substitutes for inhaled glucocorticoid therapy in pts with mild, persistant asthma who cannot take inhaled medications
  13. methylprednisolone (Medrol)
    corticosteroid: systemic

    Action: (corticosteroid) block the reaction to allergens and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness. inhibit cytokine production, protein activation, and inflammatory cell migration and activation

    Uses: (corticosteroid: systemic) quick control of asthma when beginning long-term therapy.  speed recovery from moderate to severe episodes and to prevent more episodes
  14. prednisolone (Pediapred, Delta-Cortef)
    corticosteroid: systemic

    Action: (corticosteroid) block the reaction to allergens and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness. inhibit cytokine production, protein activation, and inflammatory cell migration and activation

    Uses: (corticosteroid: systemic) quick control of asthma when beginning long-term therapy.  speed recovery from moderate to severe episodes and to prevent more episodes
  15. prednisone (Meticorten)
    corticosteroid: systemic

    Action: (corticosteroid) block the reaction to allergens and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness. inhibit cytokine production, protein activation, and inflammatory cell migration and activation

    Uses: (corticosteroid: systemic) quick control of asthma when beginning long-term therapy.  speed recovery from moderate to severe episodes and to prevent more episodes
  16. budesonide (Pulmicort)
    corticosteroid: inhaled

    Action: (corticosteroid) block the reaction to allergens and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness. inhibit cytokine production, protein activation, and inflammatory cell migration and activation

    Uses: (corticosteroid: inhaled) long-term control of asthma. reduce the need for oral corticosteroids
  17. fluticasone (Flovent, Flonase)
    corticosteroid: inhaled

    Action: (corticosteroid) block the reaction to allergens and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness. inhibit cytokine production, protein activation, and inflammatory cell migration and activation

    Uses: (corticosteroid: inhaled) long-term control of asthma. reduce the need for oral corticosteroids
  18. triamcinolone (Azmacort)
    corticosteroid: inhaled

    Action: (corticosteroid) block the reaction to allergens and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness. inhibit cytokine production, protein activation, and inflammatory cell migration and activation

    Uses: (corticosteroid: inhaled) long-term control of asthma. reduce the need for oral corticosteroids
  19. oxymetazoline (Afrin)
    decongestant

    Action: directly affect the alpha receptors of blood vessels in the nasalmucosaa, causing vasoconstriction

    Uses: reliev nasal congestion that accompanies allergies and upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs)
  20. pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
    decongestant

    Action: directly affect the alpha receptors of blood vessels in the nasalmucosaa, causing vasoconstriction

    Uses: reliev nasal congestion that accompanies allergies and upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs)
  21. ipratropium (Atrovent)
    sympathomimetic bronchodilator

    Action: relax the smooth muscle cells of the bronchi by stimulating beta2-adrenergic receptors.  also stimulate alpha-adrenergic receptors, which produces a vasoconstriction response through the body

    Uses:  relief of symptoms of bronchospasm occurring in acute and chronic asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema (COPD)
  22. levalbuterol (Xopenex)
    sympathomimetic bronchodilator

    Action: relax the smooth muscle cells of the bronchi by stimulating beta2-adrenergic receptors.  also stimulate alpha-adrenergic receptors, which produces a vasoconstriction response through the body

    Uses:  relief of symptoms of bronchospasm occurring in acute and chronic asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema (COPD)
  23. guaifenesin (Robitussin, Mucinex, Mytussin)
    expectorant

    Action: decrease the thickness of respiratory secretions and aid in their removal

    Uses: treat symptoms of productive cough
  24. amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium (Augmentin)
     aminopenicillins: broad-spectrum penicillins

    Action: (penicillins) interferes with creation of the mucopeptide cell wall

    Uses: (penicillins) drug of choice for gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. prophylactic treatment against bacterial endocarditis in pts with rheumatic or congenital heart disease before they have dental procedures or surgery of the upper respiratory tract, GI tract, or genitourinary tract. may be useful against organisms used by terrorists as bioweapons
  25. ampicillin (Unasyn)
     aminopenicillins: broad-spectrum penicillins

    Action: (penicillins) interferes with creation of the mucopeptide cell wall

    Uses: (penicillins) drug of choice for gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. prophylactic treatment against bacterial endocarditis in pts with rheumatic or congenital heart disease before they have dental procedures or surgery of the upper respiratory tract, GI tract, or genitourinary tract. may be useful against organisms used by terrorists as bioweapons
  26. piperacillin (Zosyn)
     extended spectrum penicillin

    Action: (penicillins) interferes with creation of the mucopeptide cell wall

    Uses: (penicillins) drug of choice for gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. prophylactic treatment against bacterial endocarditis in pts with rheumatic or congenital heart disease before they have dental procedures or surgery of the upper respiratory tract, GI tract, or genitourinary tract. may be useful against organisms used by terrorists as bioweapons
  27. sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (Bactrim DS)
    sulfonamide

    Action: bacteriostatic effect against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative mico-organisms by inhibiting folic acid synthesis

    Uses:  usually used to treat acute/chronic UTI, trachoma, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, toxoplasmosis, acute otitis media, and prophylactic therapyh in cases of recurrent rheumatic fever, ulcerative colitis, dermatitis herbetiformis
  28. gentamicin (Garamycin)
    broad-spectrum antibiotic

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms. 
  29. cephalexin (Keflex)
    1st generation cephalosporin

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms. 
  30. cefoxitin (Mefoxin)
    2nd generation cephalosporin

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms. 
  31. cefuroxime (Ceftin)
    2nd generation cephalosporin

    • Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic
    • Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  32. cefdinir (Omnicef)
    3rd generation cephalosporin

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  33. ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
    3rd generation cephalosporin

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  34. clindamycin (Cleocin)
    lincosamide

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  35. vancomycin (Vancocin)
    broad-spectrum antibiotic

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  36. ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
    fluoroquinolones

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  37. levofloxacin (Levaquin)
    fluoroquinolones

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  38. erythromycin (EES, E-Mycin)
    macrolide

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  39. azithromcyin (Zithromax)
    macrolide

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  40. doxycycline (Vibramycin)
    tetracycline

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  41. tetracycline (Emtet)
    tetracycline

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  42. metronidazole (Flagyl)
    amebicide

    Action: destroy the invading amoeba usually contracted when eating unwashed fruits or vegetables imported from other countries or traveling abroad

    Uses: primary therapy for both intestinal and extraintestinal amebiasis
  43. acyclovir (Zovirax)
    • antiviral
    •  
    • Uses: herpes zoster, herpes simples, genital herpes, varicell, cytomegalovirus retinits, used in immunocompromised patient with HIV infection or for adults and children at risk
  44. valacyclovir (Valtrex)
    antiviral

    Uses: herpes zoster, herpes simples, genital herpes, varicell, cytomegalovirus retinits, used in immunocompromised patient with HIV infection or for adults and children at risk
  45. oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
    antiviral

    Uses: herpes zoster, herpes simples, genital herpes, varicell, cytomegalovirus retinits, used in immunocompromised patient with HIV infection or for adults and children at risk
  46. nitrofurantoin (Macrobid, Macrolide)
    nitrofuran, antibiotic

    Action: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) may attack a bacterium's internal cell process, or destroy the external cell wall.  may be bactericidal or bacteriostatic

    Uses: (broad-spectrum antibiotic) treat infections cause by certain susceptible organisms.
  47. amphotericin B (Amphotec)
    antifungal

    Action: polyene antibiotic with fungisttic or fungicidal activity.  may allow intracellular components to leak through fungal cell membrane by binding to sterols in cell membrane

    Uses: treat intestinal, vaginal and oral fungal infections caused by susceptible strains of candida albicans and other candida species
  48. fluconazole (Diflucan)
    antifungal

    Action: polyene antibiotic with fungisttic or fungicidal activity.  may allow intracellular components to leak through fungal cell membrane by binding to sterols in cell membrane

    Uses: treat intestinal, vaginal and oral fungal infections caused by susceptible strains of candida albicans and other candida species
  49. nystatin (Mycostatin)
    antifungal

    Action: polyene antibiotic with fungisttic or fungicidal activity.  may allow intracellular components to leak through fungal cell membrane by binding to sterols in cell membrane

    Uses: treat intestinal, vaginal and oral fungal infections caused by susceptible strains of candida albicans and other candida species

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