Unit 4 and 5

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Unit 4 and 5
2012-10-05 04:50:30

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  1. Henry Clay
    a man that contributed to american many great compromises. for example, the missouri compromise that solved the issue with missouri coming into the union.
  2. Indian Removal Act
    andrew jackson ignored the court. he forced natives to move to reservations in oklahoma.
  3. henry david thoreau
    leading transcendentalist, a group that supported speaking your mind against the government.
  4. horace mann
    the leader for increasing public education. he believed that american needed more educated people.
  5. jacksonian democracy
    the political movement toward greater government influence by the common man.
  6. John C Calhoun
    the leader of South Carolina who spoke strongly against the tarriff of abominations
  7. know-nothings
    an american political faction in the south characterized by political xenophobia, anti-catholics sentiments, and random violence against german and irish catholice immigrants.
  8. lowell system
    textile mills in massachusetts where women were a primary sourse of labor.
  9. lucretia mott
    an american quaker women's rights activist, abolitionist, and social reformer.
  10. nullification crisis
    jackson claims that nothing in the constitution says that states can nullify a law, and  the states say no. this is struggle with state power v. federal rights.
  11. panics of  1819, 1837, 1857
    the banks closed and people feard that the economy was instable.
  12. declaration of sentiments
    a document signed at the women's rights convention begging that women get rights.
  13. 2nd great awakening
    a period in time when people started awakening to the call of christianity
  14. seneca falls convention
    the first women's rights convention. they met here and wrote the declaration of sentiments.
  15. sojourner truth
    an african american abolitionist and women's rights activist.
  16. spoils system
    jackson handed out federal jobs and appointments to his friends and family.
  17. susan b. anthony
    civil rights leader who played in important role in the women suffrage movement.
  18. tarriff of abominations
    taxes on foreign goods trying to get americans to buy american goods.
  19. temperance
    a group trying to get people to stop or moderate drinking habits because excessive alchohol consumption was leading to domestic violence and many other bad things.
  20. trial of tears
    a trip to reservations where thousands of native americans died.
  21. transcendentalism
    the belief that one should speak his or her mind against the government.
  22. whigs
    a political party created for the sole purpose of getting andrew jackson out of office
  23. william lloyd garrison
    an abolitionalist along with frederick douglass
  24. utopian communities
    communities created that tried to have the perfect society.
  25. dorothea dix
    a humanitarian reformer who wanted for there to be public institutions to cure mentally ill americans.
  26. ralph waldo emerson
    a author for transcendentalism (the belief that one should speak his or her mind against the government.
  27. bleeding kansas
    a conflict for 2 years that resulted in 200 people dying.
  28. harper's ferry raid
    a plan to steal armory and start a slave rebellion
  29. compromise of 1850
    claimed that california was a freestate, stricter fugutive slave laws, end of slave trade in d.c., and popular soveriengty would decide slavery
  30. stephen douglas
    a democratic candidate for president who loss to abraham lincoln
  31. dred scott v sanford
    took away citizenship from african americans
  32. free-soil party
    a short-lived party that plans was to stop the expansion of slavery.
  33. fugitive slave act
    mandated that if a northerner knew of a slave, they had to trun them in of race a fine
  34. kansas-nebraska act
    slavery is determined by the 36 30 line
  35. popular soveriegnty
    the people having the right to vote on whether they want slavery or not.
  36. uncle tom's cabin
    a book exposing how horrific slavery was
  37. antietam
    first battle won by the union. lincoln uses it to pass the emancipation proclamation freeing slaves
  38. appomattox
    the court house where the final engagement of the conferderate army took place.
  39. border states
    states that had slavery but were still a part of the union
  40. confederate states of america
    states that broke away from the union when abraham lincoln became president of the united states
  41. jefferson davis
    president of the confederacy
  42. emancipation proclamation
    a document that was suppose to free slaves, but it didn't. instead it changed the reason that the union was fight: to abolish slavery.
  43. fort sumter
    fort where the first shots of the civil war was shot
  44. gettysburg
    a place decided to be a memorial for soldiers. lincoln also gave his gettysburg address here, which addressed freeing slaves.
  45. gettysburg address
    lincoln's speech in gettysburg addressing slavery
  46. ulysses s grant
    former union general who later became a horrible president
  47. robert e lee
    former union general who later became a horrible president
  48. new york city draft riots
    violent disturbances in new york protesting the draft of americans into the civil war
  49. sherman's march to the sea
    from atlanta to savannah. 80 mile wide path of destruction because of total warfare
  50. vicksburg
    fort near the mississippi river that sealed the deal for the anaconda plan because the confederacy was officially split up.
  51. 13th amendment
    amendment that abolished slavery
  52. 14th amendment
    amendment that claimed that everyone born in the united states was a citizen
  53. 15th amendment
    amendment that stated that voting rights cannot be denied
  54. carpetbaggers
    northerners that came down to the south to take advantage of reconstruction
  55. civil rights act of 1877
    law that enforced the 15th amendment which gave voting rights to african americans
  56. compromise of 1877
    hayes would become president, northern troops removed from the south, construction of another railroad, and industrialization of the south
  57. freedman's bureau
    helped newly freed men by relocating them, providing them food, education, shelter, etc.
  58. jim crow laws
    began seperating blacks and whites in public places
  59. ku klux klan
    a terrorist group that attacked african americans and thier supporters in the south
  60. plessy v ferguson
    upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring segregation of blacks and whites in public spaces.
  61. black codes
    bagan seperating blacks and whites in public places
  62. radical republicans
    believed that african americans should have civil rights
  63. scalawags
    southerners that supported union activities in the south
  64. sharecroppers
    a way for former slaves to have a job. they farmed on their former owner's land but they had to turn over 3/4 of thier crops. sharecropping kept them in debt slavery.