Pumping Ch. 14-16

Card Set Information

Author:
atababy
ID:
175750
Filename:
Pumping Ch. 14-16
Updated:
2012-10-08 14:48:05
Tags:
Pumping
Folders:

Description:
Pumping Chapters 14-16
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user atababy on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. From a tactical standpoint, when given a choice between Relay Pumping and Water Shuttle Operations,                     
     
    generally provides a more reliable continuous water supply with fewer apparatus
    From a tactical standpoint, when given a choice between Relay Pumping and Water Shuttle Operations, Relay Pumping generally provides a more reliable continuous water supply with fewer apparatus
  2. One positive for the Water shuttle operation is: It is less       
                     
    to pack up the portable water tanks than reload a mile of LDH. 
    One positive for the Water shuttle operation is: It is less Labor Intensive to pack up the portable water tanks than reload a mile of LDH. 
  3. Fill Site pumpers should have a minimum pump capacity of 
             GPM. NFPA 1901 requires tenders to be filled at a rate of         GPM. 
    Fill Site pumpers should have a minimum pump capacity of          1,000 GPM. NFPA 1901 requires tenders to be filled at a rate of 1,000 GPM
  4. Water Tenders are the backbone of any shuttle operation. Water Tenders (Mobile Water Supply Apparatus) must carry at least         gallons, but most tenders today carry between      
         
    and          gallons. 
    Water Tenders are the backbone of any shuttle operation. Water Tenders (Mobile Water Supply Apparatus) must carry at least 1,000 gallons, but most tenders today carry between 1,500 and 3,000 gallons
  5. Vehicle weight restrictions generally limit single rear-axle apparatus to a minimum tank capacity of            gallons. 
    Vehicle weight restrictions generally limit single rear-axle apparatus to a minimum tank capacity of 1,500 gallons. 
  6. Tenders that have water tanks with less than            gallons and possess                             capabilities ae the most efficient for use in Water Shuttle Operations. Larger apparatus have longer filling and unloading times. 
    Tenders that have water tanks with less than 2,500 gallons and possess Rapid Unloading capabilities ae the most efficient for use in Water Shuttle Operations. Larger apparatus have longer filling and unloading times. 
  7. Tenders with a 750GPM or larger fire pump are called              
                
    Tenders with a 750GPM or larger fire pump are called Pumper-Tenders
  8. Per NFPA 1901, Tenders with a fire pump must have a    " line from the tank to the pump that can provide       GPM until 80% of the tank volume is emptied. 
    Per NFPA 1901, Tenders with a fire pump must have a 2" line from the tank to the pump that can provide 500 GPM until 80% of the tank volume is emptied. 
  9. Depending on manufacturers preference, the direct tank fill inlet may be designed so that the tank is filled from the bottom or top. Hydraulically there is little advantage to one design or the other. Because most tanks are 6 feet tall, the back pressure created by a full tank is only      PSI on the bottom fill inlet. 
    Depending on manufacturers preference, the direct tank fill inlet may be designed so that the tank is filled from the bottom or top. Hydraulically there is little advantage to one design or the other. Because most tanks are 6 feet tall, the back pressure created by a full tank is only 3 PSI on the bottom fill inlet. 
  10. Although NFPA 1901 only requires 1 Large Tank Discharge (dump valve), it is recommended each tender have      .
    Although NFPA 1901 only requires 1 Large Tank Discharge (dump valve), it is recommended each tender have 3.
  11. Gravity dumps usually employ    " round or square piping and Do Not use any mechanical pressure source. 
    Gravity dumps usually employ 8" round or square piping and Do Not use any mechanical pressure source. 
  12. When possible, select a fill site that is capable of providing at least          GPM, which is the NFPA 1901 required fill rate for tankers. 
    When possible, select a fill site that is capable of providing at least 1,000 GPM, which is the NFPA 1901 required fill rate for tankers. 
  13. The best fill and dump sites are those where the tenders can 
                                                                              
    The best fill and dump sites are those where the tenders can proceed straight in, Fill/Dump, then proceed straight out
  14.             route of travel is optimum for water shuttle operations. 
    A Circular route of travel is optimum for water shuttle operations. 
  15. IFSTA recommends using a            to fill tenders at a fill site, regardless of using a hydrant or static source. 
    IFSTA recommends using a Pumper to fill tenders at a fill site, regardless of using a hydrant or static source. 
  16. One F/F should be assigned to handle each tender fill line that is laid out. These F/F's are referred to as                           personnel. 
    One F/F should be assigned to handle each tender fill line that is laid out. These F/F's are referred to as Make-or-Break personnel
  17. When filling is taking place, the tanker/tender driver should 
                                  
    When filling is taking place, the tanker/tender driver should remain in the cab of the apparatus.
  18. Of the 3 dump site methods (direct pumping, portable tank, nurse tender)                           may be the easiest to ensure a constant supply of water to the attack pumper.
    Of the 3 dump site methods (direct pumping, portable tank, nurse tender) Portable Water Tank may be the easiest to ensure a constant supply of water to the attack pumper.
  19. The most efficient method of unloading tankers is to dump the water into portable tanks through                 or                    
        
    The most efficient method of unloading tankers is to dump the water into portable tanks through Gravity Dump or Jet Dump.
  20. A single folding tank works on fires that require low flow rates (less than       GPM). Incidents that require flow rates in excess of        GPM are best served by a multiple portable tank dump site operation
    A single folding tank works on fires that require low flow rates (less than 300 GPM).  Incidents that require flow rates in excess of 300 GPM are best served by a multiple portable tank dump site operation
  21. The most common style of portable tank is the               type.
    The most common style of portable tank is the Folding Type.
  22. It is recommended that the portable water tank be set on a level surface and have a capacity that is at least        gallons larger than the capacity of the tank on the apparatus carrying it (Slight Incline or Road with High Crown). 
    It is recommended that the portable water tank be set on a level surface and have a capacity that is at least 500 gallons larger than the capacity of the tank on the apparatus carrying it (Slight Incline or Road with High Crown). 
  23. The most common multiple portable tank operation used in most jurisdictions range from          portable tanks. 
                                           arrangement is the preferred method for arranging the tanks. 
    The most common multiple portable tank operation used in most jurisdictions range from 2 - 5 portable tanks. A Tip to Tip Diamond Shaped Arrangement is the preferred method for arranging the tanks. 
  24. The most efficient method of transferring water between portable tanks uses                        to move water from one tank to another. 
    The most efficient method of transferring water between portable tanks uses Jet Siphons to move water from one tank to another. "Uses 1 1/2 hose"
  25. When evaluating Water Tender Performance, the ISO assumes an average travel speed of        MPH, and only allows      % of the total tank capacity to be used for calculation. 
    When evaluating Water Tender Performance, the ISO assumes an average travel speed of 35 MPH, and only allows 90% of the total tank capacity to be used for calculation. 
  26. To receive full credit under the ISO fire supression rating schedule, the first water tender must begin dumping water within       minutes of the first pumper's arrival on the fire scene. The pumper must continue to be supplied        gallons for      hours. 
    To receive full credit under the ISO fire supression rating schedule, the first water tender must begin dumping water within 5 minutes of the first pumper's arrival on the fire scene. The pumper must continue to be supplied 250 gallons for 2 hours
  27. The majority of foams in use today are Mechanical foams. Mechanical foams must be               and              before they can be used. 
    The majority of foams in use today are Mechanical foams. Mechanical foams must be Proportioned and Aerated before they can be used. 
  28.                     - Raw Foam
                        - Foam mixed W/water
                          - Foam W/water and air (aka Finished Foam)
    • Foam Concentrate - Raw Foam
    • Foam Solution - Foam mixed W/water
    • Foam - Foam W/water and air (aka Finished Foam)
  29. Class B fuels are divided into 2 categories:                    
                       
    Class B fuels are divided into 2 categories: HydroCarbons and Polar Solvents
  30. Class B foam is effective on Class B                 fires (those that float on water) 
    Only Alcohol-Resistant (Polymeric) foam formulas will extinguish Class B                      fires (miscible)
    • Class B foam is effective on Class B HydroCarbon fires (those that float on water)
    •  Only Alcohol-Resistant (Polymeric) foam formulas will extinguish Class B Polar Solvent fires (miscible)
  31. Class B foams designed solely for Class B fires will not extinguish                      fires regardless of the concentration used. 
    Class B foams designed solely for Class B fires will not extinguish Polar Solvent fires regardless of the concentration used. 
  32. Foam extinguishes and/or prevents fire by the following methods:                                                             
    Foam extinguishes and/or prevents fire by the following methods: Separating, Cooling, and Supressing (aka Smothering) 
  33. Most firefighting foam concentrates are intended to be mixed with        to       % water. 
    Most firefighting foam concentrates are intended to be mixed with 94 to 99.9% water
  34. Class A foams are usually mixed at a percentage from       to      %.
    Class B foams are usually mixed at a percentage from       to      
         
    %.
    Hydrocarbons are       to      %
    Polar Solvents are       to      %
    • Class A foams are mixed at a percentage from 0.1 to 1%.
    • Class B foams are mixed at a percentage from 1 to 6%
    • Hydrocarbons are 1 to 3%
    • Polar Solvents are 3 to 6%
  35. The 4 basic methods of proportioning foam are                  
              
                                 
    The 4 basic methods of proportioning foam are Induction, Injection, Batch Mixing and Pre-Mixing
  36. The                      method of foam proportioning uses the pressure energy in the stream of water to induct (draft) foam concentrate into the fire stream. This is achieved by passing the stream of water through a venturi device called and Eductor
    The Induction (eduction) method of foam proportioning uses the pressure energy in the stream of water to induct (draft) foam concentrate into the fire stream. This is achieved by passing the stream of water through a venturi device called and Eductor. 
  37.                     - is the simplest method of mixing foam concentrate and water. This method is commonly practiced with Class A foams, but should only be used as a Last Resort with Class B foam. 
    Batch Mixing - is the simplest method of mixing foam concentrate and water. This method is commonly practiced with Class A foams, but should only be used as a Last Resort with Class B foam. 
  38.                     - one of the more commonly used methods of proportioning, used with portable extinguishers, especially wheeled extinguishers. 
    Pre-Mixing - one of the more commonly used methods of proportioning, used with portable extinguishers, especially wheeled extinguishers. 
  39. Foam Storage

    Pails -       gallon, used by municipal fire service
    Barrels -         gallon, industrial applications
    Totes -          gallon, Bulk Storage, AARF Industrial
    Apparatus Tanks -     to       gallons (up to 8,000 gallons)
    Foam Storage

    • Pails - 5 gallon, used by municipal fire service
    • Barrels - 55 gallon, industrial applications
    • Totes - 275 gallon, Bulk Storage, AARF, Industrial Apparatus Tanks - 20 to 200 gallons (up to 8,000 gallons)
  40. Protein based foams have a shelf life of        years.
    Class A foams have a shelf life up to        years if properly stored.
    Synthetic based foams have a shelf life of        to        years.
    • Protein based foams have a shelf life of 10 years.
    • Class A foams have a shelf life up to 20 years if properly stored.
    • Synthetic based foams have a shelf life of 20 to 25 years.
  41. When the concentration of foam is increased, the effect visible to the firefighter is characterized by                         .
    When the concentration of foam is increased, the effect visible to the firefighter is characterized by the Foam appearing Thicker
  42. Using Class A foam at percentages greater than       % with standard fog nozzles does not appear to increase the firefighting performance. 
    Using Class A foam at percentages greater than 0.5% with standard fog nozzles does not appear to increase the firefighting performance. 
  43. Class A Foam Proportioning
    0.2 to 0.5% =                           and CAFS applications
    0.3 to 0.7% =                          
    0.5 to 1.0% =                          
    • Class A Foam Proportioning
    • 0.2 to 0.5% = Fire Attack and Overhaul w/ standard fog nozzles and CAFS applications
    • 0.3 to 0.7% = Air Aspirating Foam Nozzles
    • 0.5 to 1.0% =  Exposure Protection w/standard fog nozzles
  44. The application rate for Class A foam is the same as the minimum                           rate for water.
    The application rate for Class A foam is the same as the Minimum Critical Flow rate for water.
  45. Foam Expansion - Increase in foam volume when aerated
    Low Expansion Foam - up to          
    Medium Expansion Foam -            to           
    High Expansion Foam -            to            
    • Foam Expansion - Increase in foam volume when aerated
    • Low Expansion Foam - up to 20:1
    • Medium Expansion Foam - 20:1 to 200:1
    • High Expansion Foam - 200:1 to 1000:1
  46. Fluoroprotein Foam is a combination of protein and synthetic foam, provides a strong "security blanket" for long term vapor supression that is especially critical with             
             
    . Can be formulated to be Alcohol-Resistant by adding
                      that are suspended in                      . AR Fluoroprotein foam maintains its AR properties for about      minutes. 
    Fluoroprotein Foam is a combination of protein and synthetic foam, provides a strong "security blanket" for long term vapor supression that is especially critical with Unignited Spills. Can be formulated to be Alcohol-Resistant by adding Ammonia Salts that are suspended in Organic Solvents. AR Fluoroprotein foam maintains its AR properties for about 15 minutes
  47.           is the most common type of foam used today. 
    AFFF - is the most common type of foam used today. 
  48. A low energy foam system imparts pressure on the foam solution solely by the use of a                
    A Low Energy Foam system imparts pressure on the foam solution solely by the use of a Fire Pump.
  49.                     foam proportioners are the simplest and most common foam proportioning devices in use today. 
    Portable foam proportioners are the simplest and most common foam proportioning devices in use today. 
  50. The                      is the most basic type of foam proportioner used in the fire service. 
    The In-Line Eductor is the most basic type of foam proportioner used in the fire service. 
  51. The pressure at the outlet of the eductor (aka Back Pressure) must not exceed       to      % of the eductor inlet pressure. 
    The pressure at the outlet of the eductor (aka Back Pressure) must not exceed 65 to 70% of the eductor inlet pressure. 
  52. Foam solution concentration is only correct at the rated inlet pressure of the eductor, usually       -     PSI. In order for the nozzle and eductor to operate properly, both must have the same GPM. 
    Foam solution concentration is only correct at the rated inlet pressure of the eductor, usually 150-200 PSI. In order for the nozzle and eductor to operate properly, both must have the same GPM. 
  53. The eductor must not be more than      feet above the surface of the foam concentrate. 
    The use of a foam nozzle eductor compromises F/F safety because F/F's                                          .
    • The eductor must not be more than 6 feet above the surface of the foam concentrate. 
    • The use of a foam nozzle eductor compromises F/F safety because F/F's cannot move quickly.
  54. A Jet Ratio Controller (JRC) may be used to supply foam concentrate to a self-educting master stream nozzle. Allows the concentrate to be as much as          feet away, and allows an elevation change of up to      feet. The JRC proportions the concentrates at       %, which is reduced to 3% at the device. 
    A Jet Ratio Controller (JRC) may be used to supply foam concentrate to a self-educting master stream nozzle. Allows the concentrate to be as much as 3,000 feet away, and allows an elevation change of up to 50 feet. The JRC proportions the concentrates at 66.5 %, which is reduced to 3% at the device. 
  55. The                        proportioner is one of the most common types of Built-In proportioners installed in mobile fire apparatus today. 
    The Around the Pump proportioner is one of the most common types of Built-In proportioners installed in mobile fire apparatus today. 
  56. The                              proportioner is one of the most Accurate methods of foam proportioning. 
    The Bypass-Type Balanced Pressure proportioner is one of the most Accurate methods of foam proportioning. 
  57. The                                     proportioner operates off power supplied by the electical system (may not be used with AR foams due to the viscosity)
    The Variable-Flow Variable-Rate Direct Injection proportioner operates off power supplied by the electical system (may not be used with AR foams due to the viscosity)
  58. Batch Mixing - the simplest means of proportioning foam, not used with AR foams. Class A foams do not retain their foaming properties if mixed in water for more than       hours. Batch mixing should only be used when no other method is available.
    Batch Mixing - the simplest means of proportioning foam, not used with AR foams. Class A foams do not retain their foaming properties if mixed in water for more than 24 hours. Batch mixing should only be used when no other method is available.
  59. High energy foam systems (CAFS) introduce compressed air into the foam solution              discharge into the hoseline. 
    High energy foam systems (CAFS) introduce compressed air into the foam solution Prior to discharge into the hoseline. 
  60. With respect to foam application, the use of smoothbore (solid stream) nozzles is limited to Class                  applications. 
    With respect to foam application, the use of smoothbore (solid stream) nozzles is limited to Class A, CAFS applications. 
  61. Fog Nozzles can be used to produce low expansion, short lasting foam. Expansion ratios using fog nozzles are between            and           
    Fog Nozzles can be used to produce low expansion, short lasting foam. Expansion ratios using fog nozzles are between 2:1 and 4:1
  62. The Direct Application method for foam application is used with Class      foam. The Roll-on, Bank Down, and Rain Down methods are used with Class       Foams. 
    The Direct Application method for foam application is used with Class A foam. The Roll-on, Bank Down, and Rain Down methods are used with Class B Foams
  63. Manufacturers Road Test - Apparatus must accelerate to     MPH from a standing start within      seconds. Must achieve a minimum top speed of     MPH. Must come to a full stop from     MPH within     Feet. 
    Manufacturers Road Test - Apparatus must accelerate to 35 MPH from a standing start within 25 seconds. Must achieve a minimum top speed of 50 MPH. Must come to a full stop from 20 MPH within 35 Feet
  64. The manufacturers hydrostatic test is conducted at        PSI for     minutes. 
    The manufacturers hydrostatic test is conducted at 250 PSI for 3 minutes
  65. Altitude affects the pumps performance: Lifting ability drops about 1 Foot for every                                in altitude
    Altitude affects the pumps performance: Lifting ability drops about 1 Foot for every One Thousand Foot Increase in altitude
  66. Personnel should wear hearing protection if exposed to noise in excess of       DBs. 
    Personnel should wear hearing protection if exposed to noise in excess of 90DBs
  67. The first test that should be performed during Pumper Service testing is the                          . (all fluid levels should be checked prior to this test)
    The first test that should be performed during Pumper Service testing is the Engine Speed Test. (all fluid levels should be checked prior to this test)
  68. If a fire pump tests to less than      % of its capabilities when it was new, 2 options are available:                                       or                                                     
    If a fire pump tests to less than 90% of its capabilities when it was new, 2 options are available: Restore the Pump or Give the Pump a Lower Rating based on its Actual Performance

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview