ART109 Africa Exam

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kjel
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175870
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ART109 Africa Exam
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2012-10-08 02:26:52
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ART109 Africa Exam
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ART109 Africa Exam
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  1. 6 core beliefs and practices shared by African cultures...
    • 1.  honoring ancestors
    • 2.  worshiping nature deities (often w/ blood sacrifice)
    • 3.  elevating the rulers to sacred status
    • 4.  consulting fortune tellers
    • 5.  decorating their bodies (ID and status) (beads, scarification, etc.)
    • 6.  putting on festivals or masquerades (celebrate harvest, new year, death, etc.)
  2. importance of ritual performance (3)
    • connect with invisible other world
    • allow for recreation of the past
    • union of past and present
  3. Nok culture time period
    500 BC --> 200 AD
  4. Nok art features
    • elongated heads
    • kneeling poses
    • animals: elephant, monkey
    • triangular eyes
  5. this African culture had elaborate burial chambers
    Igbo-Ukwu
  6. what is the "ichi"
    • Kuba, "Bwoom"
    • royal mask
    • legendary dwarf
    • king's younger brother
    • Kuba, "nodp"
    • represented Oba when away
    • kept w/ wives as reminder of power
    • at king's death passed to the ndop
    • Benin, "alter-to-the-head"
    • supernatural medicinal powers used by Oba to control witches
    • Kuba king
    • royal ceremony
    • royal drums "pelambish" passed down thru generations
    • vessel of wisdom
    • headdress w/ eagle and ibis feathers
    • Benin
    • alter-to-the-hand
    • "ikegobo"
    • hand symbolism: potential success, masc. aggressiveness, warfare/hunting, gathering of wealth
    • leopard symb: authority/power, quick response, "the leopards of the house"
    • Ife head of an Oni
    • holes made to attach beard, veil, crown
  7. Ife time period
    350-->1400AD
  8. Igbo time period
    900-->1000 AD
    • Ife
    • Brass figure of an Oni
    • used in alters/funerals/festivals
    • Kuba "Moshambwooy"
    • represents Woot (mythical royal ancestor and founder of Kuba kingdom)
    • Igbo
    • Bronze, shell surmounted by leopard
    • Igbo burial chamber
    • Nri - an early Igbo people
    • Ife
    • Tada copper
    • found 100 miles away
    • ?trophy of war? sent as token of authority? stolen?
    • Kuba
    • palm wine cup
    • Kuba
    • cut-pile embroidered raffia
    • Benin
    • ivory belt mask, Queen Mother
  9. Benin alter to Oba
    • Kuba
    • Ngady Amwaash mask
    • Igbo
    • fly-whisk handle
    • Ife
    • archaic period; 350-800AD
    • monolith
    • Ife
    • pre-pavement period; 800-1000AD
    • gatekeeper
  10. Benin palace
    • Ife
    • pavement period; 1000-1400 AD
    • initiated by Queen Oluwo
    • Ife
    • terra-cotta pot

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