upto 14 days, decreased urine output of of <100 ml/day, must be dialyzed
medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen containing compounds such as urea, creatine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen rich compounds in the blood
peritoneal dialysis used almost entirely in children (dialysate is left in an removed manually)
peritoneal dialysis done at night then again in the day
Solution used in dialysis to draws the wastes and fluids from the blood
an estimate of the body weight without any excess fluid in the lungs or in the tissues.
shortness of breath
a hormone that stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. It is produced by healthy kidneys, but can be administered as an injection when kidneys fail
ESRD(end stage renal disease)
a surgically enlarged vein (usually located in the wrist or elbow) that provides access to the bloodstream for haemodialysis
a painless inflammation of the filtering part of the kidneys (the glomerulus) - this leads to high blood pressure and progressive loss of kidney function in some cases. There are many different types and they are diagnosed after a kidney biopsy - treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs such as steroids may be used to reduce the kidney damage.
loop connecting vein and artery for hemodialysis
High biological value. Contain all essential aa’s usually from animal sources
presenceof RBC in urine
highlevels of potassium in blood
an electrolyte disturbance in which there is an abnormally elevated level of phosphate in the blood
peritonealdialysis ~2 times a day
the filtering unit of the kidney which performs the job of filtering and fluid balance jobs - each kidney is made up of many nephrons.
producing <500 ml urine/ day
urinary protein losses
Itching associated with chronic renal failure
bone pathology characterized by bone mineralization deficiency result of electrolyte and endocrine problems related to chronic renal disease
abnormalaccumulation of nitrogen containing substances in the blood