English history

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176014
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English history
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2012-10-07 12:53:39
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English history
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English history
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  1. 11th century
    • Two Williams
    • William 1st (1066-1087) conquers England, court speaks French
    • William II (1087-1100), helps pay 1st Crusade
  2. 12th Century
    Significant king?
    • First Henry (I + II), Stephen, Richard appear
    • Henry 1 (1100-1135)
    • Stephen (1135-1154) - Civil War
    • Henry II (1154-1189)
    • Richard I ("Lion-hearted", "absent") - fought in Third Crusade and defended French territory against Philip II of France, captured, bargained by making England a vassal of Holy Roman Empire
  3. 13th Century
    John, Henry III, Edward I

    • John (1199-1216) signs Magna Carta
    • Hennry III (1216-72) - fights Barons, first Parliament
    • Edward I (1272-1307) conquers Wales
  4. 14th Century
    The Edwardiad - first three Edwards, second Richard

    • Edward (1272-1307) conquers Wales
    • Edward II (1307-1327) - disaster, Engl. invaded, deposed
    • Edward III (1327-1377) - launches Hundred Years War with France (1338)
    • Richard II - tyrannic, deposed by Henry of Bolingbroke
  5. 15th Century
    Henry 4th, 5th, 6th followed by Edward 4th, 5th and Richard III, and Henry 7th. Begins with Henry 4th deposing Richard II, ends with Henry 7th deposing Richard III

    • Henry IV (1399-1413) Bolingbroke deposes Richard II
    • Henry V (1413-1422) - defeats French at Agincourt
    • Henry VI (1422-1461) - 100 Years War ends. Mentally unstable; can't control feuding nobles, War of Roses begin (civil war, 1455-1485)
    • Edward IV (1461-1483)
    • Edward V (1483) - imprisoned/killed in tower by
    • Richard III (1483-1485) defeated in Bosworth Field by
    • Henry VII (1485-1509) restores power, peace, stability, ends War of Roses
  6. 16th Century
    THE TUDORS: two great Henries and one great Elizabeth. Church struggles.

    • Henry VII (1485-1509)
    • Henry VIII (1509-1547) - Reformation of 1516
    • Edward VI (1547-1553) dies of TB age 16)
    • Mary (1553-1558) - returns Engl to Catholicism, burns 274 Protestants
    • Elizabeth I (1558-1603) restablishes Church of England
  7. 17th Century
    THE STUARTS: 1st James and Charles, 2nd Charles and James, then Willian&Mary

    • James I and VI of Scotland (1603-1625) - Union of Crowns. Gunpowder Plot - Catholics try to assassinate him. Colonizes Jamestown, America in 1607
    • Charles I (1625-1649) - conflict with Parliament leads to First (and Second) English Civil war in 1642. Charles defeated by Oliver Cromwell (king in all but name), and executed
    • Charles II (1660-85) - RESTORATION to throne. Great Fire in 1666.
    • King James II & 7th (1685-88) - a Catholic, deposed in Glorious Revolution by his son-in-law + daughter
    • William III Orange & Mary II (1689-1702) - Bill of Rights passes
  8. 18th Century
    Anne followed by House of Hanover George 1, 2, 3

    • Anne (1702-1714) - Act of Union (1707) unites Scotland England forming Great Britain. Last Stuart.
    • George I (1714-1727), II (1727-60), III (1760-1820) - England grows prosperous; first Prime Minister; Britain emerges as Colonial power; cry for social order, liberty, reform. 1763 - Peace of Paris consolidates rule over Canada and India. Industrialization + foreign trade brings wealth to upper, not lower classes. French Revolution (1789-99), calls for democracy/human rights
  9. 19th Century
    • Hanover:  Regency + Victorian Age
    • George 4, William 4, and Queen Victoria

    • George IV (1820-1830) - extravagant fashions of British Regency, rules while father is mentally ill, then takes throne
    • Edward IV (1820-30) - Poor Law, Child Labor restricted; Slavery abolished
    • Victoria (1837-1901)

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