Appendix

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Author:
holy
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176035
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Appendix
Updated:
2012-10-07 13:41:50
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182 210
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182-210
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  1. 182. The normal SI heart sound is caused by:
    a. atrioventricular valve opening
    b. atrioventricular valve closure
    c. semilunar valve opening
    d. semilunar valve closure
    b
  2. 183. In relation to the electrocardiogram, the SI heart sound normally occurs at the:
    a. onset of the P wave
    b. onset of the QRS
    c. end of the T wave
    d. end of the S wave
    b
  3. 184. Normally the loudest component of the SI heart sound is closure of the:
    a. mitral valve
    b. tricuspid valve
    c. aortic valve
    d. pulmonic valve
    a
  4. 185. In relationship to tricuspid valve closure, normally mitral valve closure occurs:
    a. before
    b. during
    c. after
    d. varies
    a
  5. 186. The normal S2 heart sound is caused by:
    a. atrioventricular valve closure
    b. atrioventricular valve opening
    c. semilunar valve closure
    d. semilunar valve opening
    c
  6. 187. In relation to the electrocardiogram, S2 normally occurs at the:
    a. onset of the P wave
    b. onset of the QRS complex
    c. end of the T wave
    d. end of the PR interval
    c
  7. 188. Which component of S2 is normally the loudest?
    a. mitral valve opening
    b. tricuspid valve closure
    c. aortic valve closure
    d. pulmonic valve closure
    c
  8. 189. Compared to the pulmonic valve, aortic valve closure normally occurs:
    a. before
    b. during
    c. after
    d. varies
    a
  9. 190. Which of the following will increase the interval between aortic valve closure and pulmonic valve closure?
    a. inspiration
    b. expiration
    c. standing to supine
    d. strain phase of the Valsalva
    a
  10. 191. All of the following are considered vessel wall layers except the:
    a. intima
    b. media
    c. adventia
    d. vasa vasorum
    d
  11. 192. Which of the following component parts of the circulation is best capable of altering blood
    flow to the capillaries?
    a. aorta
    b. peripheral arteries
    c. arterioles
    d. venules
    c
  12. 193. Which of the following components of the circulation conducts blood from the peripheral tissues to the heart?
    a. aorta
    b. venules
    c. arterioles
    d. veins
    d
  13. 194. Which effect will an increase in preload normally have on cardiac contractility?
    a. increase
    b. decrease
    c. varies
    d. cannot be predicted
    a
  14. 195. Which of the following will most likely increase ventricular afterload?
    a. atrioventricular valve regurgitation
    b. atrioventricular valve stenosis
    c. semilunar valve regurgitation
    d. semilunar valve stenosis
    d
  15. 196. Coronary artery blood occurs predominantly during:
    a. atrial systole
    b. ventricular diastole
    c. ventricular systole
    d. isovolumic contraction
    b
  16. 197. Which percent stenosis is considered significant coronary artery disease?
    a. 10%
    b. 30%
    c. 50%
    d. 70%
    d
  17. 198. All of the following will affect coronary artery blood flow except:
    a. aortic diastolic blood pressure
    b. left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
    c. heart rate
    d. body surface area
    d
  18. 199. All of the following are considered the formed elements of blood except:
    a. plasma
    b. red blod cells
    c. white blood cells
    d. platelets
    a
  19. 200. Another term for red blood cells is:
    a. erythrocytes
    b. leukocytes
    c. thrombocytes
    d. plasma
    a
  20. 201. Another term for white blood cells is:
    a.plasma
    b.thrombocytes
    c.leukocytes
    d.erythrocytes
    c
  21. 202. Another term for platelets is:
    a. leukocytes
    b. thrombocytes
    c. erythrocytes
    d. plasma
    b
  22. 203. Which component of blood carries hemoglobin?
    a. erythrocytes
    b. leukocytes
    c. plasma
    d. thrombocytes
    a
  23. 204. The term that refers to the percentage of red blood cells present is:
    a. leukopenia
    b. anemia
    c. polycthemia
    d. hematocrit
    d
  24. 205. The term that means there is an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells is:
    a. hematocrit
    b. polycythemia
    c. anemia
    d. leukopenia
    b
  25. 206. The term used to decribe an abnormal decrease in the number of red blood cells is:
    a. anemia
    b. leukopenia
    c. polycythemia
    d. hematocrit
    a
  26. 207. The term that decribes an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells is:
    a. polycythemia
    b. leukopenia
    c. hematocrit
    d. plasmacrit
    b
  27. 208. Which of the following terms infers an abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells?
    a. plasmacrit
    b. hematocrit
    c. leukocytosis
    d. polycythemia
    c
  28. 209. What percentage of blood is made up of plasma?
    a. 15%
    b. 35%
    c. 55%
    d. 75%
    c
  29. 210. What percentage does red blood cells constitute the formed elements of blood?
    a. 15%
    b. 35%
    c. 55%
    d. 75%
    b

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