Ch. 12

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Ch. 12
2012-10-07 18:45:25

Health Assessment Exam 2
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  1. acute otitis media
    inflammation in the middle ear associated with a middle ear effusion that becomes infected by bacterial organisms
  2. cholesteatoma
    epithelial tissue behind the tympanic membrane that is often the restult of untreated or chronic recurrent otitis media
  3. cochlea
    coiled structure in inner ear
  4. conductive hearing loss
    hearing loss resulting from reduced transmission of sound to the middle ear
  5. Meniere disease
    disorder of progressive hearing loss; in some cases, has a genetic mode of transmission
  6. ossicles
    the three tiny bones of the inner ear known as malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), and stapes (stirrup)
  7. otitis externa
    inflammation of the auditory canal and external surface of the tympanic membrane; also called "swimmer's ear."
  8. otitis media with effusion
    inflammation of the middle ear resulting in the collection of serous, mucoid, or purulent fluid
  9. otosclerosis
    ossification that results in fixation of the stapes
  10. pinna
    projecting shell-like structure on the side of the head; auricle
  11. presbycusis
    bilateral sensorineural hearing loss associated with aging
  12. Rinne test
    a hearing test that compares bone conduction with air conduction of sound
  13. Romberg test
    a neurological test used to screen for equilibrium
  14. Sensorineural hearing loss
    hearing impairment that results from a disorder of the ear, damage to cranial nerve VIII, genetic disorders, systemic disease, or prolonged exposure to loud noise
  15. vertigo
    the illusion of rotational movement experienced by a patient; often due to a disorder of the inner ear
  16. Weber test
    a screening test for hearing that tests the lateralization of sound