latin vocab midterm 1

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latin vocab midterm 1
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2012-10-07 22:47:40
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    • pronoun
    • me, myself
  1. quid
    • pronoun
    • what
  2. nihil
    • noun
    • nothing
  3. nōn
    • adverb
    • not
  4. saepe
    • adv
    • often
    • conjunction
    • if
  5. amō, amāre
    to love, like
  6. cōgitō, cōgitāre
    to think, ponder
  7. dēbēo, dēbēre
    to owe; must, should
  8. dō, dare
    • to give, offer
    • (stem vowel of dō is only long in 2nd person singular indicative dās and singular imperative dā)
  9. errō, errāre
    to wander; err, go astray, make a mistake
  10. laudō, laudāre
    to praise
  11. moneō, monēre
    to remind, advise, warn
  12. salveō, salvēre
    to be well, in good health
  13. servō, servāre
    to preserve, save
  14. cōnservō, cōnservāre
    a stronger form of servō; to preserve, conserse, mainain
  15. terreō, terrēre
    to frighten, terrify
  16. valeō, valēre
    to be strong, have power, be well
  17. videō, vidēre
    to see, observe, understand
  18. vocō, vocāre
    to call, summon
  19. festīnō, festīnāre
    to hasten
  20. culpō, culpāre
    to blame, censure
  21. peccō, peccāre
    to sin
  22. volō, volāre
    to fly
  23. bis
    • adv
    • twice
  24. cito
    • adv
    • quickly
  25. fama, famae
    remor, report; fame, reputation
  26. forma, formae
    form, shape; beauty
  27. fortuna, fortunae
    fortune, luck
  28. ira, irae
    anger
  29. nauta, nautae
    m. sailor
  30. patria, patriae
    fatherland, native land
  31. pecunia, pecuniae
    money
  32. philosophia, philosophiae
    philosophy
  33. poena, poenae
    peonās dare
    • penalty, punishment
    • to pay the penalty
  34. poeta, poetae
    m. poet
  35. porta, portae
    gate
  36. puella, puellae
    girl
  37. rosa, rosae
    rose
  38. sententia, sententiae
    feeling, though, opinion, sentence
  39. vita, vitae
    life
  40. antiqua, antiquae
    ancient, old-time
  41. magna, magnae
    large, great, important
  42. mea, meae
    my
  43. multa, multae
    much, many
  44. tua, tuae
    your (only one person)
  45. sine + abl
    without
  46. clēmentia, -ae
    clemency
  47. dēportāre
    to carry away
  48. recūsāre
    to refuse, reject
  49. vītāre
    to avoid
  50. turba, turbae
    crowd
  51. iubēre
    to order
  52. sāna, sānae
    sound, sane
  53. immodica, immodicae
    immoderate, excessive
  54. creāre
    to create
  55. īnsānia, -ae
    unsoundness, insanity
  56. nūlla, -ae
    adj. no
  57. avāritia, -ae
    avarice
  58. saeva, -ae
    cruel
  59. catēna, -ae
    chain
  60. onerāre
    to load, oppress
  61. rota, -ae
    wheel
  62. timēre
    to fear
  63. ager, agrī
    field, farm
  64. agricola, agricolae
    farmer
  65. amīcus, amīcī
    amīca, amīcae
    friend
  66. fēmina, -ae
    woman
  67. fīlia, -ae
    fīlius, fīliī
    • daughter
    • son
  68. numerus, numerī
    number
  69. populus, populī
    the people, a people, a nation
  70. puer, puerī
    boy
  71. sapentia, -ae
    wisdom
  72. vir, virī
    man
  73. avārus, avāra, avārum
    greedy, avaricious
  74. pauciī, paucae, pauca
    • usually pl
    • few, a few
  75. Rōmānus, -a, -um
    Roman
  76. dē + abl
    • down from, from
    • concerning, about
  77. in + abl
    in, on
  78. hodiē
    today
  79. semper
    always
  80. habeō, habēre
    • to have, hold, possess
    • consider, regard
  81. satiō, satiāre
    to satisfy, sate
  82. agricola, -ae
    farmer
  83. aurīga
    charioteer
  84. incola
    inhabitant
  85. pīrāta
    pirate
  86. bāsium, basiī
    n. kiss
  87. bellum, bellī
    n. war
  88. cōnsilium, cōnsiliī
    n. plan, purpose, counsel, advice, judgment
  89. cūra, cūrae
    care, attention, caution, anxiety
  90. dōnum, dōnī
    gift, present
  91. exitum, exitiī
    destruction, ruin
  92. magister, magistrī
    magistra, magistrae
    teacher, schoolmaster
  93. mora, morae
    delay
  94. nihil
    nothing
  95. oculus, oculī
    eye
  96. officium, officiī
    n. duty, service
  97. ōtium, ōtiī
    leisure, peace
  98. perīculum, perīculī
    danger, risk
  99. remedium, remediī
    remedy, cure
  100. bellus, bella, bellum
    pretty, handsome, charming
  101. bonus, bona, bonum
    good, kind
  102. hūmānus, hūmāna, -um
    human, humane
  103. malus, mala, malum
    bad, wicked, evil
  104. parvus, parva, parvum
    small, little
  105. stultus, -a, -um
    stultus, stultī
    • foolish
    • a fool
  106. vērus, vēra, vērum
    true, proper, real
  107. iuvō, iuvāre, iūvī, iūtum
    to help, aid, assist
  108. sum, esse, fuī, futūrum
    to be, exist
  109. caecus, -a, -um
    blind
  110. īnfortūnātus, -a, -um
    unfortunate
  111. omnīnō
    wholly
  112. beātus, -a, -um
    happy, fortunate
  113. crūstulum, -ī
    cookie
  114. magis quam
    more than
  115. īnfīnītus, -a, -um
    infinity
  116. nostrō
    our
  117. adulēscentia, -ae
    youth, young manhood
  118. animus, -ī
    animī, -ōrum
    • soul, spirit, mind
    • high spirits, pride, courage
  119. caelum, -ī
    sky, heaven
  120. culpa, -ae
    fault, blame
  121. glōria, -ae
    glory, fame
  122. verbum, -ī
    word
  123. tē (abl or acc)
    you, yourself
  124. līber, -a, -um
    free
  125. noster, nostra, -um
    our, ours
  126. pulcher, pulchra, -um
    beautiful, handsome
  127. sānus, -a, -um
    sound, healthy, sane
  128. igitur
    therefore
  129. propter + acc
    on account of, because of
  130. crās
    tomorrow
  131. heri
    yesterday
  132. quandō
    sī quandō
    • when
    • if ever
  133. satis
    sufficient
  134. tum
    then, at that time
  135. cēno, cēnāre
    to dine
  136. culpō, culpāre
    to blame, censure
  137. maneō, manēre 
    remaneō, remanēre
    to remain, stay, stay behind
  138. superō, superāre
    to be above
  139. invidia, -ae
    dislike
  140. sustinēre
    to endure, sustain
  141. angustus, -a, -um
    narrow
  142. venia, -ae
    favor, pardon
  143. cūrāre
    to take care of
  144. supplicium, iī
    punishment
  145. perītus, -a, -um
    skillful
  146. asper, aspera, -um
    rough, harsh
  147. deus, ī
    voc sing deus
    nom pl dī
    dat abl pl dīs
    • deus
    • deī
    • deō
    • deum
    • deō
    • deus
    • deōrum
    • dīs
    • deōs
    • dīs
  148. dea, -ae
    • goddess
    • dat and abl pl deābus
  149. discipulus, -ī
    discipula, -ae
    learner, pupil, student
  150. īsidiae, -ārum
    ambush, plot, treachery 
  151. liber, librī
    book
  152. tyrannus, -ī
    absolute ruler, tyrant
  153. vitium, iī
    fault, crime, vice
  154. Graecus, -a, -um
    a Greek
  155. perpetuus, -a, -um
    perpetual, lasting, uninterrupted
  156. plēnus, -a, -um
    full, abundant, generous
  157. salvus, -a, -um
    safe, sound
  158. secundus, -a, -um
    second; favorable (secondary)
  159. vester, vestra, -um
    your (more than one person)
  160. -que (enclitic)
    • conj. and
    • appended to second of two words to be joined
  161. ubi
    where, when
  162. ibi
    there
  163. nunc
    now, at present
  164. quārē
    • because of which thing
    • but more commonly, therefore, wherefor, why
  165. possum, posse, potuī
    to be able
  166. tolerō, tolerāre, tolerāvī, tolerātum
    to bear, endure
  167. optāre
    to wish
  168. gustāre
    to taste
  169. dēlectāre
    to delight
  170. varius, -a, -um
    varied
  171. Pūnicus, -a, -um
    Punic, Carthaginian
  172. statua, -a, -um
    statuary, statuesque
  173. īnfīrmus, -a, -um
    not strong, weak
  174. lēgēs
    nom pl laws
  175. amor, amōris
    m. love
  176. carmen, carminis
    n. song, poem
  177. cīvitās, cīvitātis
    f. state, citizenship
  178. corpus, corporis
    n. body
  179. homō, homonis
    m. human being, man
  180. labor, labōris
    m. labor, work
  181. littera, litterae
    • f. a letter of he alphabet
    • (litterae, litterarārum = pl. a letter, literature)
  182. mōs, mōris
    m. habit, custom, manner
  183. nōmen, nōminis
    n. name
  184. pāx, pācis
    f. peace
  185. rēgīna, regīnae
    f. queen
  186. rēx, rēgis
    m. king
  187. tempus, temporis
    n. time
  188. terra, terrae
    f. ground, earth, land, country
  189. uxor, uxoris
    f. wife
  190. virgō, virginis
    f. maiden, virgin
  191. virtūs, virtūtis
    f. manliness, courage; excellence, character, worth, virtue
  192. novus, -a, -um
    new, strange
  193. post + acc
    after, behind
  194. sub + abl (verbs of rest)
    sub + acc (verbs of motion)
    • under, up under, close to
    • down to/into, at the foot of
  195. audeō, audēre, ausus sum
    to dare
  196. necō, necāre, necāvī, necātum
    to murder, kill
  197. sōl, sōlis
    m. sun
  198. cantāre
    to sing
  199. plēbs, plēbis
    f. the common people
  200. ōdērunt
    they hate
  201. prīnceps, prīncipis
    m. chief, prince
  202. dūrus, -a, -um
    hard, harsh
  203. honor, honōris
    m. honor, office
  204. indignus, -a, -um
    unworthy
  205. pariēs, parietis
    m. wall of a building
  206. mors, mortis
    f. death
  207. nātiō, nātiōnis
    f. nationalism, nationality
  208. servitūs, servitūtis
    f. servitude
  209. praeclārus, -a, -um
    noble, remarkable
  210. recuperātio, recuperātiōnis
    f. recovery
  211. mortālis, mortālis
    a mortal
  212. quōmodo
    how
  213. altissimīs
    abl pl the highest
  214. voluntās, voluntātis
    f. will
  215. Cicerō, -ōnis
    m. Cicero
  216. cōpia, -ae
    cōpiae, -ārum
    • f. abundance, supply
    • supplies, troops, forces
  217. frāter, -tris
    m. brother
  218. laus, laudis
    f. praise, glory, fame
  219. libertās, -tātis
    liberty
  220. ratiō, -ōnis
    • f. reckoning, account
    • reason judgment
    • system
    • manner, method
  221. scrīptor, -ōris
    m. writer, author
  222. soror, -ōris
    f. sister
  223. victōria, -ae
    f. victory
  224. dum 
    conj. while
  225. ad + acc
    to, up to, near to
  226. ex or ē + abl
    • out of, from within
    • by reason of, on account of
  227. numquam
    adv. never
  228. tamen
    adv. nevertheless, still
  229. agō, agere, ēgī, āctum
    grātiās agere + dat
    • to drive, lead, do, act
    • pass, spend

    to thank (someone)
  230. dēmōnstrō, dēmōnstrāre, -āvī, -ātrum
    to point out, show, demonstrate
  231. discō, discere, didicī
    to learn
  232. doceō, docēre, docuī, doctum
    to teach
  233. dūco, dūcere, dūxī, ductum
    • to lead
    • consider, regard
    • prolong
  234. gerō, gerere, gessī, gestum
    • to carry
    • carry on, manage, conduct
    • accomplish, perform
  235. scrībō, scrībere, scrīpsī, scrīptum
    to write, compose
  236. trahō, trahere, trāxī, tractum
    • to draw, drag
    • derive, acquire
  237. vincō, vincere, vīcī, victum
    to conquer, overcome
  238. perdere
    to destroy
  239. expōnere
    to set forth
  240. rēctus, -a, -um
    right
  241. error, rōris
    m. erroneous
  242. iter, itineris
    n. road, way
  243. eximius, -a, -um
    extraordinary
  244. convertere
    to turn around, attract
  245. Agamemnon, -nonis
    m. Agamemnon
  246. auctor, -tōris
    m. author
  247. Caesar, -saris
    m. kaiser
  248. inter + acc
    among
  249. urbs, urbis
    city
  250. dēclāmāre
    to declaim
  251. Trōiānus, -a, -um
    Trojans
  252. relegere
    to re-read
  253. unus nauta
    ūnus, -a, -um
    one
  254. unus nauta 
    nūllus, -a, -um
    no, none
  255. unus nauta 
    ūllus, -a, -um
    any
  256. unus nauta 
    sōlus, -a, -um
    alone, only
  257. unus nauta 
    neuter, neutra, -um
    neither
  258. unus nauta 
    alius, -a, -ud (alterius)
    another, other
  259. unus nauta 
    uter, utra, -um
    either, which (of two)
  260. unus nauta 
    tōtus, -a, -um
    whole, entire
  261. unus nauta 
    alter, -a, -um
    the other (of two)
  262. locus, locī
    • m. place; passage in literature
    • pl. loca, locōrum = n. places, region
    • pl. locī, locōrum = m. passages in literature
  263. morbus, -ī
    m. disease, sickness
  264. studium, -ī
    n. eagerness, zeal, pursuit, study
  265. hic, haec, hoc
    • this, the latter
    • also he, she, it
  266. ille, illa, illud
    • that, the former
    • he, she, it, they
  267. ise, ita, istud
    • that of yours, that
    • such (as you speak of)
    • sometimes contemptuous
  268. enim
    postpositive conj. for, in fact, truly
  269. in + acc
    • into, toward
    • against
  270. nimis/nimium
    • adv. too much, excessively
    • either in a positive or negative sense
  271. palma, -ae
    f. palm branch of victory
  272. relevāre
    to relieve, diminish
  273. orbis terrārum
    idiom, the world
  274. ēventus
    outcome
  275. orbis, -is
    m. circle, orb
  276. amīcitia, -ae
    f. frienship
  277. cupiditās, -tātis
    • f. desire, longing, passion
    • cupidity, avarice
  278. hōra, -ae
    f. hour, time
  279. nātūra, -ae
    f. nature
  280. senectūs, -tūtis
    f. old age
  281. timor, timōris
    m. fear
  282. vēritās, -tātis
    f. truth
  283. via, -ae
    f. way, road
  284. voluptās, -tātis
    f. pleasure
  285. beātus, -a, -um
    happy, fortunate, blessed
  286. quoniam
    conj. since, inasmuch as
  287. cum + abl
    with, together, completely
  288. audiō, audīre
    to hear, listen to
  289. capiō, capere
    to take, caputure, seize, get
  290. dīcō, dīcere
    to say, tell, name, call
  291. faciō, facere
    to do, make, accomplish
  292. fugiō, fugere
    to flee, hurry away, escape, avoid, shun
  293. veniō, venīre
    to come
  294. inveniō, invenīre
    to come upon, find
  295. vīvō, vīvere
    to live
  296. incipiō, incipere
    to begin
  297. Mūsa, -ae
    f. muse
  298. corōna, -ae
    f. crown
  299. memor
    adj. nom sg mindful
  300. mors, mortis
    f. death
  301. occāsiō, ōnis
    f. opportunity
  302. intereā
    adv. meanwhile
  303. fātum, ī
    n. fate
  304. ōrdō, -dinis
    m. rank
  305. obsequium, ī
    n. compliance
  306. pariō, pariere
    to produce
  307. odium, ī
    n. hate
  308. caput, capitis
    • n. head
    • leader
    • beginning
    • life
    • heading
    • chapter
  309. cōnsul, cōnsulis
    m. consul
  310. nēmo
    nūllīus
    nēminī
    nēminem
    nūllō/nūllā
    m./f. no one
  311. ego, meī
    I
  312. tū, tuī
    you, yourself
  313. is, ea, id
    • this, that
    • he, she, it
  314. īdem, eadem, idem
    the same man/woman/thing
  315. amīcus, -a, -um
    friendly
  316. cārus, -a, -um
    dear
  317. quod
    because
  318. bene
    adv. well, satisfactorily, quite
  319. etiam
    adv. even, also
  320. intellegō, intellegere
    • intellēxī, intellēctum
    • to understand
  321. mittō, mittere
    • mīsī, missum
    • to send, let go
  322. sentiō, sentīre
    • sēnsī, sēnsum
    • to feel, perceive, think, experience
  323. adulēscēns, -centis
    m. and f. young man or woman
  324. annus, annī 
    m. year
  325. Asia, -ae
    f. Asia (Asia Minor)
  326. Caesar, Caesaris
    m. Caesar, kaiser, etc
  327. māter, mātris
    f. mother
  328. medicus, -ī
    medica, -ae
    doctor, physician
  329. pater, patris
    m. father
  330. patientia, patientiae
    • f. suffering
    • patience, endurance
  331. prīncipium, -ī
    n. beginning
  332. acerbus, -a, -um
    harsh, bitter, grevious
  333. prō + abl
    in front of, before, on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, instead of, for, as
  334. diū
    adv. long, for a long time
  335. nūper
    adv. recently
  336. āmittō, āmittere
    • āmīsī, āmissum
    • to send away, lose, let go
  337. cadō, cadere
    • cecidī, cāsūrum
    • to fall
  338. creō, creāre
    • creāvī, creātum
    • to create

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