GCHEM 111

Card Set Information

Author:
akcinloor
ID:
176163
Filename:
GCHEM 111
Updated:
2012-10-09 11:06:33
Tags:
names ions anions formulas
Folders:

Description:
chapter 2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user akcinloor on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Hor H-
    Hydrogen
  2. Li+
    Lithium
  3. Na+
    Sodium
  4. K+
    Potassium
  5. Rb+
    Rubidium
  6. Cs+
    Cesium
  7. Be2+
    Beryllium
  8. Mg2+
    Magnesium
  9. Ca2+
    Calcium
  10. Sr2+
    Strontium
  11. Ba2+
    Barium
  12. B3+
    Boron
  13. Al3+
    Aluminum
  14. NH4+
    Ammonium
  15. H3O+
    Hydronium
  16. Hg22+
    Mercury (I)
  17. CN-
    cyanide
  18. C2H3O2-
    acetate
  19. CO32-
    carbonate
  20. HCO3-
    Hydrogen carbonate/ bicarbonate
  21. NO2-
    nitrite
  22. NO3-
    nitrate
  23. PO43-
    phosphate
  24. HPO42-
    hydrogen phosphate
  25. H2PO4-
    dihydrogen phosphate
  26. OH-
    hydroxide
  27. SO32-
    Sulfite
  28. SO42-
    sulfate
  29. HSO4-
    hydrogen sulfate/ bisulfate
  30. ClO-
    hypochlorite
  31. ClO2-
    chlorite
  32. ClO3-
    chlorate
  33. ClO4-
    perchlorate
  34. BrO-
    hypobromite
  35. BrO2-
    bromite
  36. BrO3-
    bromate
  37. BrO4-
    perbromate
  38. IO-
    hypoiodite
  39. IO2-
    iodite
  40. IO3-
    iodate
  41. IO4-
    periodate
  42. CrO42-
    chromate
  43. Cr2O72-
    dichromate
  44. MnO4-
    permaganate
  45. S2O32-
    thiosulfate
  46. SCN-
    thiocyanate
  47. O22-
    peroxide
  48. C4-
    carbide
  49. N3-
    nitride
  50. O2-
    oxide
  51. F-
    fluoride
  52. S2-
    sulfide
  53. Cl-
    chloride
  54. Br-
    bromide
  55. I-
    iodide
  56. metals loose electrons --> 
    cations
  57. nonmetals gain electrons -->
    anions
  58. group 1A
    • alkali metals
    • Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr
    • highly reactive with water
    • used to dry solvents
  59. group 2A
    • Alkali earth metals
    • Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra
  60. group 3A
    • B, Al, Ga, In, Tl
    • Ga= galium is liquid at body heat and solid at room temp, can handle with hands
  61. impurites in oxides of aluminum=
    creates colors in gems
  62. group 4A
    • C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb
    • burn any compound= black ash (carbon compound)
    • carbon= different forms, hardest compounds used to cut $$
  63. Group 5A
    • N, P, As, Sb, Bi
    • reacts with water
    • used to dry solvents when alkali metals can't be used with flammable solvents
    • NH3= ammonia, base, very common
    • P was isolated from urine in 1669
  64. group 6A
    • oxygen group
    • O, S, Se, Te, Po
    • O, S, Se = very similar
    • Te and Po = not similar to O, S, Se
    • Sulfur not found by itself
  65. group 7a
    • Halogens
    • F, Cl, Br, I, At
    • very reactive
    • not monomatic: never found as one atom
    • ex: Cl always found as Cl2
  66. group 8A
    • noble gases
    • He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn
    • don't react in normal environment, at extremes yes
    • put in tubes and ecite electrons= neon sign
  67. compounds
    • combo 2 + elements definite ratios by mass
    • character of ea. element lost when compound is formed
  68. molecules
    smallest unit of compound keeps characteristics of compound
  69. elements that exist as molecules
    graphite, diamond, buckyballs
  70. elements that exist as diatomic molecules
    H2, N2, (O2, O3), F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
  71. elements that exist as polyatomic molecules
    P4, S8
  72. ions
    atoms/ groups of atoms with pos. or neg. charge
  73. Carbon
    • C4-
  74. Nitrogen
    N3-
  75. Phosphorus
    P3-
  76. Oxygen
    O2-
  77. Sulfur
    S2-
  78. Selenium
    Se2-
  79. Tellurium
    Te2-
  80. Fluorine
    F-
  81. Chloride
    Cl-
  82. Bromine
    Br-
  83. Iodine
    I-
  84. Titanium
    Ti4+
  85. Chromium
    Cr2+,  Cr3+
  86. Maganese
    Mn2+
  87. Iron (II), Iron (III)
    Fe2+, Fe3+
  88. Cobalt (II), Cobalt (III)
    Co2+, Co3+
  89. Nickel
    Ni2+
  90. Copper (I), Copper (II)
    Cu+, Cu2+
  91. Silver
    Ag+
  92. Zinc
    Zn2+
  93. Cadmium
    Cd2+
  94. Mercury
    Hg22+, Hg2+
  95. Aluminum
    Al3+
  96. Tin
    Sn2+
  97. Lead (II)
    Pb2+
  98. Nitrogen
    N3-
  99. Phosphorus
    • P3-
  100. Bismuth
    Bi3+
  101. Oxygen
    O2-
  102. Sulfur
    S2-
  103. Selenium
    Se2-
  104. Tellurium
    Te2-
  105. electrons control the size of the ....
    atom
  106. once you loose an electron...
    the size of the atom shrinks
  107. negatively charged element cannot bind to ...
    another negatively charged element

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview