1st Quarter Vocab (12th grade)
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vt. to put an end to; to eliminate
Slavery in America was officially abolished in 1863.
adj. bitter, resentful
The acrimonious controversy destroyed some friendships.
- vt. to offend
- n. an open isult or indignity
- The guest's jokes about the food affronted his hosts.
- His jokes about the food were an affront to his hosts.
vt. to relieve, as from hardship
Reduced taxes ameliorated economic conditions.
adj. of doubtful authenticity; fake
Biographers must distinguish true stories from apocryphal ones.
n. collection, esp. of military arms
The US agreed to reduce its nuclear arsenal.
adj. promising success
Fine weather in the spring in auspicious for farmers.
n. shortness, conciseness
A poem of such brevity is a bad choice for a speech contest.
vi. to sprout, bloom, flourish
Wild flowers burgeoned as spring turned to summer.
- Allowing Hitler to gain power was a catastrophic error.
n. wordy, roundabout language
The circumlocution in the report confused me.
adj. convincing, logical
The attorney made a cogent case for her client.
n. one who cooperates in an unlawful purpose
Conspirators plotted a revolution.
adj. twisted or coiled
His confusing logic is as convoluted as a pretzel.
vt. to expose as false
Doctors debunked the claims of the company promoting a pam diet.
vt. to criticize publicly
The angry player denounced the firing of his coach.
n. dejection, hopelessness
Disappointment in love caused his despondency.
n. continued noise, esp of many sounds
Racing fans love the din of the drag strip.
He tried to comfort the distraught widow.
- adj. 1. deeply distressed
- 2. insane
A book review called his poems childish drivel.
- n. nonsense
- vi. to talk nonsense
adj. conspicuously bad
Amputating the wrong leg is an egregious error.
vt. to take preperty in one's care falsely for oneself
The treasurer embezzled company funds.
n. mystery; something hard to understand
The origin of language is an enigma.
The farmer espoused the case of conservation.
- vt. to support as a cause
- vt. to marry
vt. to free from guilt
He made excuses to exculpate himself for missing curfew.
- n. famous or heroic deed
- vt. 1. to use productively
- 2. to take unfair advantage of
- Hercules performed great exploits.
- Hawaii businesses exploit our favorable location. Cheap magazines exploited the movie star's image to sell copies.
adj. blindly enthusiastic
The fanatical patriots think their country can do no wrong.
vt. to treat with open disrespect
Unafraid of his weak parents, he flouted their rules.
The Chaplain found a Biblical verse germane to his sermon's theme.
n. one who inherits
The son of the CEO is the heir to his fortune.
n. intentional overstatement
"I'm starving" is a hyperbole.
adj. commanding, arrogant
The spoiled child was imperious toward playmates.
vt. to imprison
Police incarcerated the suspects.
- adj. lying in place, esp holding an office
- n. one holding an office
- The incumbent mayor was reelected.
- Voters reelected the incumbent.
- vi. to encroach or trespass upon.
- vt. to encroach on.
- Computer hackers can infringe upon your privacy.
- The court ruled that the company had infringed the inventor's patent.
vi. to mediate between disagreeing parties
Counselors do not intercede in petty quarrels.
adj. not governed by or according to reason
Love makes wise people do irrational things.
adj. deserving praise
The Headmaster said our canned food drive was laudable.
Doctors could not diagnose the mysterious malady.
A veteran was the beginner's mentor.
- n. a wise teacher or guide
- vt. to teach or guide
adj. deep and wide enough for passage
Dredging made the canal navigable.
adj. blocking light; hard to see through or understand
My shower door is opaque.
n. an outcast
The snobs made people without BMW's feel like pariahs.
n. minor offense
She notices her date's peccadilloes, like ordering his meal first.
vt. to read or study
He spent hours perusing books in the aisles of Borders.
n. one who hunts or fishes illegally; respasser
Poachers put traps in the duke's wood.
adj. occuring before something is ready
With no diagnosis, a prescription is premature.
n. lying, falsehood
My prevarication did not fool my parents.
The prostrate captives begged for mercy.
- adj. lying flat, a in adoration or submission
- vt. to put (oneself) in a prostrate position.
adj. harshly loud and disorderly
Hearing raucous shouts, the police raided the party.
vt. to remember
I cannot recollect what I ate for dinner on Tuesday.
vt. to banish or assign to an inferior position
The coach relegated a starter to the second string.
- After a repast to restore their energy, they continues their journey.
- n. 1. the art of speaking or writing persuasively
- 2. impressive but insincere language
- Voice, style and tone are concepts in rhetoric.
- The political speech was nothing but rhetoric.
adj. promoting health
Daily swimming is a salubrious habit.
adj. notched or toothed like a saw
A serrated knife is good for cutting bread.
Gentle songs have a soporific effect on babies
- adj. 1. causing sleep
- 2. relating to sleep
- n. a soporific agent
- adj. 1. unable to produce life
- 2. not stimulating
- 3. free from microorganisms
- Radiation made the lab rats sterile. Blank walls make a room seem sterile.
- Nurses use sterile needles.
n. shallowness; concern with surfaces
Having only skimmed the reading, I tried to dazzle my teacher with big words, but his questions exposed the superficiality of my understanding.
adj. gaudy, cheap
The cheap hotel had tawdry furnishings.
long, angry, critical speech
- When the phone bill arrived, my dad went into a tirade.
adj. dull and unoriginal
The movie was full of trite jokes that made no one laugh.
adj. calm, self-controlled
With unflappable poise, he delivered a flawless speech.
n. wavering, hesitation
Tired of his vacillation, she married someone else.
vt. to pull or gain by force
I could not wrest the Frisbee from the dog's jaws.
What would you like to do?
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