endocrine ****

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  1. hypothalmus  
    • releasing factors
    • blood level drops hypothalmus reads the message & sends releasing factor to the pituitary, pituitary then sends stimulated amount of hormones to target gland
  2. hypothalmus 
    • inhibiting factors
    • blood level increase, hypothalmus reads the message and sends inhibiting factor to the pituitary; pituitary stops sending increased amount of hormones
  3. oxytocin
    • posterior pituitary gland
    • causes contractions of uterus, release of milk
  4. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • posterior pituitary gland
    • stimulates kidneys to retain fluids & constrict blood vessels
  5. growth hormone (GH)
    • anterior pituitary gland
    • increased rate of cell division that stimulates the bodies tissue growth
  6. thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • anterior pituitary gland
    • stimulates thyroid to produce thyroid hormone
  7. adrenal corticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • anterior pituitary gland
    • stimulates secretion of cortisol from adrenal cortex
  8. triiodothyronine (T3)
    • thyroid gland
    • increase metabolism & increase energy production
  9. throxine (T4)
    • thyroid gland
    • increase metabolism & increase energy production
  10. calcitonin
    • thyroid gland
    • decreases resorption of calcium phosphate from bones to blood
  11. parathormone
    • parathyroid gland
    • increases resorption of calcium and phosphate from the bones to blood
  12. epinephrine
    • adrenal medulla
    • increases heart rate and force of contraction (raises B/P)
  13. norepinephrine
    • adrenal medulla
    • causes vasoconstriction in skin, viscera, skeletal muscles
  14. adosterone
    • adrenal cortex
    • stimulates kidneys to retain sodium & excrete potassium
  15. cortisol
    • adrenal cortex
    • increases blood glucose levels & decr inflammatory response
  16. androgens
    • andrenal cortex
    • stimulates sex characteristics
  17. glucagon
    • pancreas
    • increases conversion of glycogen to glucose in the liver
  18. insulin
    • pancreas
    • increases conversion of excess glucose to glycogen
  19. hypothalmus (communication center)
    inhibiting & releasing factors
  20. anterior pituitary gland
    GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, Prolactin
  21. posterior pituitary gland
    ADH, Oxytocin
  22. pineal gland
  23. parathyroid gland
  24. adrenal cortex
    aldosterone, cortisol, sex hormores
  25. adrenal medulla
    epinephrine, norepinephrine
  26. testes
  27. ovaries
    estogren, progesterone, inhibin
  28. pancreas
    insula, glucagon
  29. thymus gland
    immune hormones
  30. thyroid gland
    T3 & T4 (thyroxine), calcitonin

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endocrine ****
2012-10-08 16:39:58

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