Also referred to as acupuncture point; specific anatomic points located along meridians that are stimulated to preserve and restore health.
Ancient practice of applying finger pressure to specific acupoints on the body to preserve and restore health.
The ancient practice of inserting very thin needles into acupoints just under the skin to treat disease, increase immune response, relieve pain, and restore health.
An education program designed to improve movement, structure, posture, and breathing through the use of exercise, and movement awareness.
Alternative Medical Systems
Traditions which have complete systems of theory and practice such as traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, homeopathic and naturopathic medicine; one of the NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
The medicinal use of honeybee venom to treat inflammatory and degenerative diseases.
Noninvasice manipulative treatments to stimulate or relax key muscles to attempt to resolve health problems; also used to identify health problems through muscle testing.
The therapeutic use of essential concentrated oil expressed from aromatic herbs, flowers, and trees; both the aroma and external skin applications are used as therapy in treating infections, immune deficiencies, and stress.
A centuries old system of alternative medicine that includes herbs, aromatherapy, music therapy, massage, and yoga; places equal emphasis on mind, body, and spirit in achieving the harmony of wellness.
A form of hydrotherapy that uses baths in the treatment of diease.
Learned self control of physiologic responses utilizing electronic devices to provide self monitoring information.
Certified in Classical Homeotherapy
Use or oral or intravenous ethylene diamine tetracetic acid to detoxify the body of undesirable heavy metals; often used to treat arteriosclerosis.
Modiality focusing upon evaluating and adjusting body structure to preserve and restore health and improve function.
The use of the mineral composition of clay, both internally and externally, as an elixir or poultice.
Certified Massage Therapist
Cleansing of the intestine to remove waste matter that interferes with healthy function and the proper assimilation and absorption of nutrients.
The use of gentle manial pressure applied to the skill and spine to treat a range of conditions from headache to spinal cord disorders and to improve overall body functioning.
Application of a glass vessel to the skin, from which air has been exhausted by heat, to creatre suction that draws bloos to the surface, producing counterirritation.
Doctor of Chiropractic
Doctor of Osteopathy
Modialities which use the energy fiels taht are said to surround and penetrate the body such as Reiki and Therapeutic Touch; one of NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
Exploration of the role of diet and environmentalallergens in influencing health and illness.
Use of plant and pancreatic enzymes ingested by mouth to improve digestion and the absorption of essential nutrients.
Expressive Arts Therapy
Modialities itilizing ar, music, dance, or writing separately or in combination to support improved well being.
An abstinence from eating to relieve the body of the task of digestion, allowing the system to eliminate toxins to promote wellnes..
The use of specific gentle body movements to increase ease and range of motion while improving flexibility and coordination.
Essences isolated from flowers that are said to directly affect a persons emotional state and facilitate psychiligical and physiological well being.
The use of focued concentration on formed mental images as suggested by a facilitator; often used to reduce anxiety and pain, stimulate the immine system and promote a greater sense of well being.
The use of herbal remedies to promoted health and healing
A system of medical treatment based on the theory that "like cures like"; homeopathic remedies, small doses of substances that would produce similar symptoms in a healthy person, stimulate the bodys healing mechanisms to prevent or treat illness.
The use of hot or cold water, ice, and steam, both internally and externally, to maintain and restore health
The use of the power of suggestion and a state of altered consciousness involving focused attention to promote wellness
A diagnostic approach predicated on the theory that every organ has a corresponding location on the iris and that the relative health of the organ can be assessed by indicators in the iris.
Conversion of vegetables and fruits into consumable therapeutic liquids to nourish and replenish the body in times of stess or illness.
Licensed Massage Therapist
The therapeutic use of ultraviolet, colored, and laser lights to reestablish the bodys natural rhyhm, reduce pain and depression, and improve other health conditions
Lymphatic Drainage Therapy
The use of gentle massage to stimulate the the movement of fluid in the lymphatic system to reduce edema and inflammation and promote healing.
Masters of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
Magnetic Field Therapy
Application of magnets or magnetic devices to eliminate pain, facilitate the healing of bones, and counter the effects of stress.
A joint mobilization technique sometimes involving a rapid thrust or stretching of a joint
Manipulative and Body Based Methods
Methods that use manipulation or movement of the body such as massage, chiropractic, and osteopathic manipulation; one of NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
A mental activity focusing attention on a single activity such as breathing, an image, or a sound to calm and still the mind and stay pleasantly acnchored in the present; used to identify and control reactions to stress situations
Specific pathways in the body believed to conduct energy between the surface and internal organs.
Mind Body Interventions
Techniques which utilize the mind to affect body symptoms and function such as meditation, prayer, and expressive arts; of of NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
An Asian therapy which applies heat, directly or indirectly, to an acupoint through burning Mugwort in order to promoted improved curculation and balance
A form of bodywoek using gentle, sustained pressure and movement to release tension in teh fascia in order to reduce pain and restore alignment and function.
Activities aimed at helping the individuals detect and reprogram unconscious patterns of thought and behavior that are negatively addecting their health or recovery from illness.
The use of oxygen in various forms to promote healing and destroy disease producing organisms in the body; oxygen may be inhaled, ingested, inserted in body orifices, given intravenously, or absorbed through the skin.
The use of plant extracts in the maintenance of health or the treatment of disease
Meditation to a higher power with a request for healing
Also referred to as chi-kung, an ancient Chinese exercise system that supports the flow of Qi along the meridians to improve circulation, reduce stress, and enhance immune system response.
A technique based on the premise that areas of the hands and feet correspong to and can affectother parts of the body; pressure upon points or reflex areas on the hands or feet is used to restore balance, relieve stress and treat various health conditions
Also called structural integration; physical manipulation and movement awareness to bring the body structure into vertical alignment
Treatment using the noninvasive touch and pressure of finger, hand, and foot techniques to release physical and emotional tenison; involves extensice soft tissue manipulation and both active and passive exercises
The use of nutrition, through diet and supplements, to decrease the incidence of disease and symptoms and support wellness
A form of aquatic bodywork that takes place in chest high warm water and involves both a series of flowing dance like movements and a body massage by a watsu practitionrt
Building block of protein that can be essential or nonessential; provides 4 calories per gram
Substances that protect our cells from damage by stabilizing unstable molecules called free radicals; they may protect the body from developing chronic diseases; found in fruits and vegetables
A tool to measure the degree of undernutrition or overnutrition; equals weight in kg divided by height in meters squared
A measure of the energy contained in food
Waxt substance made in the body or taken in by diet; found only in animal products
Provision of nutrients through a tube into the gastrointetinal tract
Provision of nutrients through a tube into the gastrointetinal tract
Glycerol molecule made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen with fatty acids attached; provides 9 calories per gram
Materials in food that cannot be digested by the body; found mainly in plants
Process of changing a liquid fat to a solid fat
carbs, fat, proteins
The sum total of all chemical and physical changes in teh body
Vitamins and Minerals
A fatty acid chain with one double bond, such as olive oil and canola oil; reasearch is shown them to be a healthy type of fat
Applies the genetic makeup of an individual to form tailored dietary recommendations to reduce the risk of or treat a disease
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Unsaturated datty acid found in fish that must be consumed; it is associated with decreased risk of heart disease and named for the position of the first double bond
The provision of nutrients administered through a vein
Plant based food components that are nonnutritive and are linked to prevention of disease
A craving or intake of nonfood substances such as dirt or laundry starch
A fatty acid chain that contains two or more double bonds; examples include corn oil and sunflower oil
A nondigestible food ingredient that may benefit the gastrointestinal tract by providing fuel for the growth of healthy bacteria
Live microbes that may assist in maintaining or restoring gastrointestinal health; derived from a Greek term meaning for life
A chain of amino acids that is the body only source of nitrogen; made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and sometimes sulfure; provides 4 calories per gram
A fatty acid chain with no double bonds mostly found in animal foods; high intake is associated with increased risk of heart disease
A substance creatied through the proces of hydrogentation whose structire contains an unusual double bond; a high intake is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
A glycerol molecule with three fatty acids atached; it can increase in the blood with a diet high in simple carbs or alcohol
A fatty acid chain that contains one or more double bonds
A person who consumes a diet consisting of only plant foods
Activities of daily learning
transient ischemic attack
otitis bowel syndrome
a stage in the development of cognitive thought in which one has the ability to understand relationships and to categorize objects based on their essential characteristics. Abstract thinking requires flexibility, adaptability, and the use of concepts and generalizations.
A maladaptive reaction to an identifiable, transient stressful situation.
the outward expression of a subjectively experiences feeling state.
motor restlesness that is one of the possible complications of treatment with antopsychotic medications
Loss of memory or inability to recall past experiences usually as a consequence of physical illness, injury, or psychologic trauma
impairment of the ability to execute purposeful movements, even though adequate muscle strength, comprehension, and coordination are present.
a disorder of affect characterized by sadness
an exaggerated belief of ones importance, identity, or capability
A severe metal disorderl a legal rather than a medical term denoting a condition that is so severe as to interfere with the capability of functioning within the legal limits of society
behavior that does not adjust to the environment or situation and interferes with mental health
the willful, deliberate, and fraudulent feigning or exaggerations of the symptoms of an illness or conditions
any major mental disorder or organic or emotional origin characterized by a gross impairment in reality awareness
activities of daily learning
twice a day
complete blood count
complete bed rest
coronary care unit
C and S
culture and sensitivity
diet as tolerated
diagnosis related groupings
ears eyes nose throat
fasting blood sugar
fever of undetermined origin
H and H
hemoglobin and hematocrit
head of bed
H and P
history and physical examination
hour of sleep
I and D
incision and drainage
I and O
intake and output
keep vein open
L and D
labor and delivery
left lower lobe
licensed practical nurse
milk of magnesia
nothing by mouth
N and V
nausea and vomiting
out of bed
four times a day
range of motion
physicians desk reference
purified protein derivative
turn, cough, deep breathe
three times a day
tender loving care
providers of medical services agreeing that the receipt of payment from Medicare for a professional service will constitute full payment for that service
activities of daily living
activities performed as part of a persons daily routine
level of health care, generally provided in hospitals or emergency departments, for sudden, serious illnesses or trauma
the costs for administrative services such as utilization review, claims processing, marketing, commissions, profit, quality and risk management programs
a legal document stating a patients wishes regarding the type, the continuation, or the withdraw of treatment to be used if the patient loses decision making abilities
charges for services rendered or supplies furnished by a health care provider that qualify as covered expenses under a health plan and are reimbursable under their payment formula
health care services such as lab, xray, physical therapy, performed by clinical personnel other than physicians and nurses
a mechanism by which patients or providers may requenst a reconsideration of a decision made by a medical review board regarding medical care services
brand name drug
a registered trademark name given to a specific drug product by its initial manufacturer
a per member, monthly payment to a provider that covers contracted health care services and is paid in advance of its delivery. It exists for a specific length of time regardless of the number of times a patient uses the services
a health benefit that is removed from a larger benefit package and is contracted for separately by a managed care organization
the number, frequency, and severity of hospital admissions or managed care services used
a screening method by which a health care provider reviews the performance of a procedure or a hospital admission to assess its necessity
coordination of benefits
provisions and procedures used to determine the amount payable when an individual is covered by more than on insurance plan
the cost of a drug or procedure compared with health care benefits resulting from it; usually considered as a ratio
the redistribution of payment sources; when one payer obtains a discount and the providers of care increase the costs to another payer to make up the difference
inskilled care given for the primary purpose of meeting personal needs, such as bathing and dressing
costs fully attributable to the provsion of specific health care services
episode of care
treatment for a specific medical condition for a continuous, defined period of time
extended care facilities
a nursing home type setting that offers skilled, intermediate or custodial care
family medical leave act
federal law requiring employers to provide 12 weeks of unpaid sick leave per year to employees with qualifying medical circumstances
first dollar coverage
a type of insurance plan in which no deductible exists and the insurer pays the full amount of the provided services
a primary care physician in an HMO who is the initial provider of health care and who controls and authorizes referrals to other specialists as needed
health care power of attorney
a type of advance directive in which a patient appoints another individual to make treatment deisions in the event the patient loses decision making abilities
home health care
medical care administered at a patients residence by a helath care professional or other ancillary health care workers
international classification of diseases
traditional fee for services medical plan under which patients are billed for each medical service performed
Individual practice association
an HMO model in which the health plan contracts with an organization group of physicians to provide care to HMO members from their private offices
admission to a hospital, for at least 24 hours, under the care of a physician
managed health care
the use of planned and systemic approach to providing health care, with the goal of offering quality care at the lowest possible cost
health care benefits that health care plans are required by state or federal law to provide to members
an entitlement program run by both the state and federal government designed to provide health care coverage to patients who cannot afford to pay for private health insurance
an entitlement program run by the federal government by which people age 65 and older or persons deemed disables for a prescribed period of time receive health care insurance. part A covers hospitilization and part B covers outpaient and physician services
a private health insurance plan available to medicare eligible persons to cover the cost of medical care not covered my medicare
national health insurance
a proposal to make the US government the single insurer and payer for all health care
arrangement that allows members to see participating providers, usually specialiss, withour referral from a primary physician gatekeeper
a period during which a managed care organization allows persons not previously enrolled to apply for plan membership
health care professionals who help exted the availability of health services by substituting for physicians in performing basic medical services. a physician assistant is a physician extendeer
physician hospital organization
an organization owned by both a hospital and its medical staff of a physicians that contracts with HMOs and assumes responsibility for providing health care services to an identified group of individuals
point of service (POS)
a form a managed care, often called an open ended HMO or PPO, in which members are encouraged to stay in the existing network of providers but have free choice, at a higher price, of other physicians and hospitals outside the network
continuous access to health insurance coverage even if a change in an individuals personal status occurs, such as employment loss or divorce
approval of a specific services by a health insurance or managed care organization before a member receives these services
amount of money paid to a health plan to provide services over a specific period of time
health care services that emphasize prevention, early detection and early treatment of medical conditions
payment that is received before care is actually needed or rendered. it gives providers an incentive to use fewer resources because they get to keep the difference between what is prepaid and what is actually used
short term temporary custodial care that allows a family member to be briefly relieved from caring for a dependent
federal laws passed in 1989 that prohibit physicians from referring patients to clinical laboratories and other health care entitites in which physicians have a financial interest
third party payer
an insurer, the US government, or any other organization that pays for health care expenses for an individual
the joint commission. a private, not for profit organization that evaluates and accredits hospitals and other health care organizations using established standards of practice
activities of daily living such as bathing, dressing
average length of stay
amount per thousand
cost effective analysis
comprehensive health organization
coordination of insurance benefits
continuous quality improvement
durable medical equipment
department of insurance
date of service
date of service
diagnosis related groups
employee assistance program
evidence of insurability
fee for service
health benefits organization
length of day
long term care
managed care organization
medical group management association
over the counter
primary care network
primary care physician
per member, per month
point of service, actual time health care is rendered
preferred provider organization
prospective payment system
skilled nurse facility
usual, reasonable, and customary
for words ending in A, retain the A and add __
for words ending in IS, drop the IS and add ___
for words ending in IX and EX, drop the IX or EX and add