Appendicies And Abbreviations

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Appendicies And Abbreviations
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  1. Acupoint
    Also referred to as acupuncture point; specific anatomic points located along meridians that are stimulated to preserve and restore health.
  2. Acupressure
    Ancient practice of applying finger pressure to specific acupoints on the body to preserve and restore health.
  3. Acupuncture 
    The ancient practice of inserting very thin needles into acupoints just under the skin to treat disease, increase immune response, relieve pain, and restore health.
  4. Alexander Technique
    An education program designed to improve movement, structure, posture, and breathing through the use of exercise, and movement awareness.
  5. Alternative Medical Systems
    Traditions which have complete systems of theory and practice such as traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, homeopathic and naturopathic medicine; one of the NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
  6. Apiotherapy
    The medicinal use of honeybee venom to treat inflammatory and degenerative diseases. 
  7. Applied Kinesiology
    Noninvasice manipulative treatments to stimulate or relax key muscles to attempt to resolve health problems; also used to identify health problems through muscle testing.
  8. Aromatherapy
    The therapeutic use of essential concentrated oil expressed from aromatic herbs, flowers, and trees; both the aroma and external skin applications are used as therapy in treating infections, immune deficiencies, and stress.
  9. Ayurvedic Medicine
    A centuries old system of alternative medicine that includes herbs, aromatherapy, music therapy, massage, and yoga; places equal emphasis on mind, body, and spirit in achieving the harmony of wellness.
  10. Balneotherapy
    A form of hydrotherapy that uses baths in the treatment of diease.
  11. Biofeedback
    Learned self control of physiologic responses utilizing electronic devices to provide self monitoring information.
  12. CCH
    Certified in Classical Homeotherapy
  13. CH
    Certified Hypnotherapist
  14. Chelation Therapy
    Use or oral or intravenous ethylene diamine tetracetic acid to detoxify the body of undesirable heavy metals; often used to treat arteriosclerosis.
  15. Chiropractic 
    Modiality focusing upon evaluating and adjusting body structure to preserve and restore health and improve function.
  16. Clay Therapy
    The use of the mineral composition of clay, both internally and externally, as an elixir or poultice.
  17. CMT
    Certified Massage Therapist
  18. Colon Therapy
    Cleansing of the intestine to remove waste matter that interferes with healthy function and the proper assimilation and absorption of nutrients.
  19. Craniosacral Therapy
    The use of gentle manial pressure applied to the skill and spine to treat a range of conditions from headache to spinal cord disorders and to improve overall body functioning.  
  20. Cupping
    Application of a glass vessel to the skin, from which air has been exhausted by heat, to creatre suction that draws bloos to the surface, producing counterirritation.
  21. DC
    Doctor of Chiropractic
  22. DO
    Doctor of Osteopathy
  23. Energy Therapies
    Modialities which use the energy fiels taht are said to surround and penetrate the body such as Reiki and Therapeutic Touch; one of NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
  24. Environmental Medicine
    Exploration of the role of diet and environmentalallergens in influencing health and illness.
  25. Enzyme Therapy
    Use of plant and pancreatic enzymes ingested by mouth to improve digestion and the absorption of essential nutrients.
  26. Expressive Arts Therapy
    Modialities itilizing ar, music, dance, or writing separately or in combination to support improved well being.
  27. Fasting
    An abstinence from eating to relieve the body of the task of digestion, allowing the system to eliminate toxins to promote wellnes..
  28. Feldenkrais Method
    The use of specific gentle body movements to increase ease and range of motion while improving flexibility and coordination.
  29. Flower Remedies
    Essences isolated from flowers that are said to directly affect a persons emotional state and facilitate psychiligical and physiological well being.
  30. Guided Imagery
    The use of focued concentration on formed mental images as suggested by a facilitator; often used to reduce anxiety and pain, stimulate the immine system and promote a greater sense of well being.
  31. Herbal Therapy
    The use of herbal remedies to promoted health and healing
  32. Homeopath
    A system of medical treatment based on the theory that "like cures like"; homeopathic remedies, small doses of substances that would produce similar symptoms in a healthy person, stimulate the bodys healing mechanisms to prevent or treat illness.
  33. Hydrotherapy
    The use of hot or cold water, ice, and steam, both internally and externally, to maintain and restore health
  34. Hypnotherapy
    The use of the power of suggestion and a state of altered consciousness involving focused attention to promote wellness
  35. Iridology
    A diagnostic approach predicated on the theory that every organ has a corresponding location on the iris and that the relative health of the organ can be assessed by indicators in the iris.
  36. Juice Therapy
    Conversion of vegetables and fruits into consumable therapeutic liquids to nourish and replenish the body in times of stess or illness.
  37. LAc
    Licensed Acupuncturist
  38. LMT
    Licensed Massage Therapist
  39. Light Therapy
    The therapeutic use of ultraviolet, colored, and laser lights to reestablish the bodys natural rhyhm, reduce pain and depression, and improve other health conditions
  40. Lymphatic Drainage Therapy
    The use of gentle massage to stimulate the the movement of fluid in the lymphatic system to reduce edema and inflammation and promote healing.
  41. MacOM
    Masters of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
  42. Magnetic Field Therapy
    Application of magnets or magnetic devices to eliminate pain, facilitate the healing of bones, and counter the effects of stress.
  43. Manipulation
    A joint mobilization technique sometimes involving a rapid thrust or stretching of a joint
  44. Manipulative and Body Based Methods
    Methods that use manipulation or movement of the body such as massage, chiropractic, and osteopathic manipulation; one of NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
  45. Meditation
    A mental activity focusing attention on a single activity such as breathing, an image, or a sound to calm and still the mind and stay pleasantly acnchored in the present; used to identify and control reactions to stress situations
  46. Meridians 
    Specific pathways in the body believed to conduct energy between the surface and internal organs.
  47. Mind Body Interventions
    Techniques which utilize the mind to affect body symptoms and function such as meditation, prayer, and expressive arts; of of NCCAM's five major classifications of complementary and alternative medicine.
  48. Moxibustion
    An Asian therapy which applies heat, directly or indirectly, to an acupoint through burning Mugwort in order to promoted improved curculation and balance
  49. Myofacial Therapy
    A form of bodywoek using gentle, sustained pressure and movement to release tension in teh fascia in order to reduce pain and restore alignment and function.
  50. ND
    Naturopathic Doctor
  51. Neurolinguistic Programming 
    Activities aimed at helping the individuals detect and reprogram unconscious patterns of thought and behavior that are negatively addecting their health or recovery from illness.
  52. Oxygen Therapy
    The use of oxygen in various forms to promote healing and destroy disease producing organisms in the body; oxygen may be inhaled, ingested, inserted in body orifices, given intravenously, or absorbed through the skin.
  53. Phytotherapeutics 
    The use of plant extracts in the maintenance of health or the treatment of disease
  54. Prayer Therapy
    Meditation to a higher power with a request for healing
  55. Qigong
    Also referred to as chi-kung, an ancient Chinese exercise system that supports the flow of Qi along the meridians to improve circulation, reduce stress, and enhance immune system response.
  56. Reflexology
    A technique based on the premise that areas of the hands and feet correspong to and can affectother parts of the body; pressure upon points or reflex areas on the hands or feet is used to restore balance, relieve stress and treat various health conditions
  57. Rolfing 
    Also called structural integration; physical manipulation and movement awareness to bring the body structure into vertical alignment
  58. Shiatsu
    Treatment using the noninvasive touch and pressure of finger, hand, and foot techniques to release physical and emotional tenison; involves extensice soft tissue manipulation and both active and passive exercises
  59. Vitamin Therapy
    The use of nutrition, through diet and supplements, to decrease the incidence of disease and symptoms and support wellness
  60. Watsu
  61. A form of aquatic bodywork that takes place in chest high warm water and involves both a series of flowing dance like movements and a body massage by a watsu practitionrt
  62. Amino Acid 
    Building block of protein that can be essential or nonessential; provides 4 calories per gram
  63. Antioxidants
    Substances that protect our cells from damage by stabilizing  unstable molecules called free radicals; they may protect the body from developing chronic diseases; found in fruits and vegetables
  64. BMI
    A tool to measure the degree of undernutrition or overnutrition; equals weight in kg divided by height in meters squared 
  65. Calorie
    A measure of the energy contained in food
  66. Cholesterol 
    Waxt substance made in the body or taken in by diet; found only in animal products
  67. External Nutrition
    Provision of nutrients through a tube into the gastrointetinal tract
  68. Enteral Nutrition 
    Provision of nutrients through a tube into the gastrointetinal tract
  69. Fat
    Glycerol molecule made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen with fatty acids attached; provides 9 calories per gram
  70. Fiber
    Materials in food that cannot be digested by the body; found mainly in plants
  71. Hydrogenation 
    Process of changing a liquid fat to a solid fat
  72. Macronutrients
    carbs, fat, proteins
  73. Metabolism
    The sum total of all chemical and physical changes in teh body
  74. Micronutrients
    Vitamins and Minerals
  75. Monosaturated Fat
    A fatty acid chain with one double bond, such as olive oil and canola oil; reasearch is shown them to be a healthy type of fat
  76. Nutrigenomics 
    Applies the genetic makeup of an individual to form tailored dietary recommendations to reduce the risk of or treat a disease
  77. Omega-3 Fatty Acids
    Unsaturated datty acid found in fish that must be consumed; it is associated with decreased risk of heart disease and named for the position of the first double bond
  78. Parenteral Nutrition 
    The provision of nutrients administered through a vein
  79. Phytochemical
    Plant based food components that are nonnutritive and are linked to prevention of disease
  80. Pica
    A craving or intake of nonfood substances such as dirt or laundry starch
  81. Polyunsaturated Fat
    A fatty acid chain that contains two or more double bonds; examples include corn oil and sunflower oil
  82. Prebiotics 
    A nondigestible food ingredient that may benefit the gastrointestinal tract by providing fuel for the growth of healthy bacteria
  83. Probiotics
    Live microbes that may assist in maintaining or restoring gastrointestinal health; derived from a Greek term meaning for life
  84. Protein
    A chain of amino acids that is the body only source of nitrogen; made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and sometimes sulfure; provides 4 calories per gram
  85. Saturated Fat
    A fatty acid chain with no double bonds mostly found in animal foods; high intake is associated with increased risk of heart disease
  86. Trans Fat
    A substance creatied through the proces of hydrogentation whose structire contains an unusual double bond; a high intake is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
  87. Triglyceride
    A glycerol molecule with three fatty acids atached; it can increase in the blood with a diet high in simple carbs or alcohol
  88. Unsaturated Fat
    A fatty acid chain that contains one or more double bonds
  89. Vegan
    A person who consumes a diet consisting of only plant foods
  90. ab
    abortion
  91. abd 
    abdomen
  92. ac 
    before meals
  93. AD
    Right Ear
  94. ADL
    Activities of daily learning
  95. amp
    ampule
  96. DM
    Diabetes Melitus
  97. TIA 
    transient ischemic attack
  98. OM 
    otitis bowel syndrome
  99. Abstract Thinking
    a stage in the development of cognitive thought in which one has the ability to understand relationships and to categorize objects based on their essential characteristics.  Abstract thinking requires flexibility, adaptability, and the use of concepts and generalizations.
  100. Adjustment Disorder
    A maladaptive reaction to an identifiable, transient stressful situation.
  101. Affect
    the outward expression of a subjectively experiences feeling state.
  102. Akathisia
    motor restlesness that is one of the possible complications of treatment with antopsychotic medications
  103. Amnesia
    Loss of memory or inability to recall past experiences usually as a consequence of physical illness, injury, or psychologic trauma
  104. Apraxia
    impairment of the ability to execute purposeful movements, even though adequate muscle strength, comprehension, and coordination are present.
  105. Dysphoria
    a disorder of affect characterized by sadness
  106. Grandiose
    an exaggerated belief of ones importance, identity, or capability
  107. Insanity
    A severe metal disorderl a legal rather than a medical term denoting a condition that is so severe as to interfere with the capability of functioning within the legal limits of society
  108. maladaptive behavior
    behavior that does not adjust to the environment or situation and interferes with mental health
  109. maliingering
    the willful, deliberate, and fraudulent feigning or exaggerations of the symptoms of an illness or conditions
  110. psychosis
    any major mental disorder or organic or emotional origin characterized by a gross impairment in reality awareness
  111. abd
    abdomen
  112. ac 
    before meals
  113. ADL
    activities of daily learning 
  114. AFB
    acid-fast bacilli
  115. amp
    ampule
  116. amt 
    amount
  117. AS 
    left ear
  118. ASA
    aspirin
  119. as tol
    as tolerated
  120. bid
    twice a day
  121. BM
    bowel movement
  122. BR
    bedrest
  123. BRP
    bathroom privelages
  124. Bx
    biopsy
  125. c
    with
  126. cap
    capsule
  127. CBC
    complete blood count
  128. CBR
    complete bed rest
  129. CC 
    chief complaint
  130. CCU
    coronary care unit
  131. CHO
    carbohydrate
  132. cl liq
    clear liquid
  133. cm
    centimeter
  134. c/o
    complains of
  135. C and S
    culture and sensitivity
  136. CXR
    chest xray
  137. DAT 
    diet as tolerated
  138. dram
    dr
  139. DRG
    diagnosis related groupings
  140. EENT
    ears eyes nose throat
  141. ER
    emergency room
  142. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  143. FUO
    fever of undetermined origin
  144. FX
    fracture
  145. gtt
    drop
  146. GU
    genitourinary
  147. h
    hour
  148. H and H
    hemoglobin and hematocrit
  149. Hct
    hematocrit
  150. Hg
    mercury
  151. hgb
    hemoglobin
  152. HOB
    head of bed
  153. H and P
    history and physical examination
  154. hs
    hour of sleep
  155. ht
    height
  156. Hx
    history
  157. I and D
    incision and drainage
  158. IM
    intramuscular
  159. I and O
    intake and output
  160. IV 
    intravenous
  161. KVO
    keep vein open
  162. L
    liter
  163. L and D
    labor and delivery
  164. lg
    large
  165. LLL
    left lower lobe
  166. LPN
    licensed practical nurse
  167. LR
    lactated ringer's
  168. lt
    left
  169. mEq
    milliequivalent
  170. mg
    milligram
  171. mL 
    mililiter
  172. mm
    milimeter
  173. MOM
    milk of magnesia
  174. NaC
    sodium chloride
  175. NG 
    nasogastric
  176. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  177. NS
    normal saline
  178. N and V
    nausea and vomiting
  179. OD 
    right eye
  180. OD 
    overdose
  181. OOB
    out of bed
  182. OR
    operating room
  183. OS
    left eye
  184. OU
    both eyes
  185. pr 
    per rectum
  186. PRN
    whenever necessary
  187. pt 
    patient
  188. pt
    pint
  189. q
    every
  190. qid
    four times a day
  191. qn
    every night
  192. R/O
    rule out
  193. ROM 
    range of motion
  194. rt 
    right
  195. p
    after
  196. pc
    after meals
  197. PDR
    physicians desk reference
  198. per
    by
  199. po
    orally
  200. po 
    postoperative
  201. PPD
    purified protein derivative
  202. s
    without
  203. sc
    subcutaneous
  204. ss
    one-half
  205. SSE 
    soapsuds enema
  206. supp 
    suppository
  207. surg
    surgical
  208. tab
    tab
  209. TCDB
    turn, cough, deep breathe
  210. tid
    three times a day
  211. tinct
    tincture
  212. TLC 
    tender loving care
  213. TO
    telephone order
  214. Ung
    ointment
  215. VS
    vital signs
  216. W/C
    wheelchair
  217. accepting assignment
    providers of medical services agreeing that the receipt of payment from Medicare for a professional service will constitute full payment for that service
  218. activities of daily living
    activities performed as part of a persons daily routine
  219. acute care
    level of health care, generally provided in hospitals or emergency departments, for sudden, serious illnesses or trauma
  220. administrative costs
    the costs for administrative services such as utilization review, claims processing, marketing, commissions, profit, quality and risk management programs
  221. advance directive
    a legal document stating a patients wishes regarding the type, the continuation, or the withdraw of treatment to be used if the patient loses decision making abilities
  222. allowable charge
    charges for services rendered or supplies furnished by a health care provider that qualify as covered expenses under a health plan and are reimbursable under their payment formula
  223. ambulatory care
    health care services such as lab, xray, physical therapy, performed by clinical personnel other than physicians and nurses
  224. appeal process
    a mechanism by which patients or providers may requenst a reconsideration of a decision made by a medical review board regarding medical care services
  225. brand name drug
    a registered trademark name given to a specific drug product by its initial manufacturer
  226. capitation
    a per member, monthly payment to a provider that covers contracted health care services and is paid in advance of its delivery.  It exists for a specific length of time regardless of the number of times a patient uses the services
  227. carve out
    a health benefit that is removed from a larger benefit package and is contracted for separately by a managed care organization
  228. case mix
    the number, frequency, and severity of hospital admissions or managed care services used
  229. concurrent review
    a screening method by which a health care provider reviews the performance of a procedure or a hospital admission to assess its necessity
  230. coordination of benefits
    provisions and procedures used to determine the amount payable when an individual is covered by more than on insurance plan
  231. cost effectiveness
    the cost of a drug or procedure compared with health care benefits resulting from it; usually considered as a ratio
  232. cost shifting
    the redistribution of payment sources; when one payer obtains a discount and the providers of care increase the costs to another payer to make up the difference
  233. custodial care
    inskilled care given for the primary purpose of meeting personal needs, such as bathing and dressing
  234. direct costs
    costs fully attributable to the provsion of specific health care services
  235. episode of care
    treatment for a specific medical condition for a continuous, defined period of time
  236. extended care facilities
    a nursing home type setting that offers skilled, intermediate or custodial care
  237. family medical leave act
    federal law requiring employers to provide 12 weeks of unpaid sick leave per year to employees with qualifying medical circumstances
  238. first dollar coverage
    a type of insurance plan in which no deductible exists and the insurer pays the full amount of the provided services
  239. gatekeeper
    a primary care physician in an HMO who is the initial provider of health care and who controls and authorizes referrals to other specialists as needed
  240. health care power of attorney
    a type of advance directive in which a patient appoints another individual to make treatment deisions in the event the patient loses decision making abilities
  241. home health care
    medical care administered at a patients residence by a helath care professional or other ancillary health care workers
  242. ICD-10-CM
    international classification of diseases
  243. indemnity insurance
    traditional fee for services medical plan under which patients are billed for each medical service performed
  244. Individual practice association
    an HMO model in which the health plan contracts with an organization group of physicians to provide care to HMO members from their private offices
  245. impatient care
    admission to a hospital, for at least 24 hours, under the care of a physician
  246. managed health care
    the use of planned and systemic approach to providing health care, with the goal of offering quality care at the lowest possible cost
  247. Mandated benefits
    health care benefits that health care plans are required by state or federal law to provide to members
  248. medicaid 
    an entitlement program run by both the state and federal government designed to provide health care coverage to patients who cannot afford to pay for private health insurance
  249. medicare
    an entitlement program run by the federal government by which people age 65 and older or persons deemed disables for a prescribed period of time receive health care insurance.  part A covers hospitilization and part B covers outpaient and physician services
  250. medicare supplement 
    a private health insurance plan available to medicare eligible persons to cover the cost of medical care not covered my medicare
  251. national health insurance
    a proposal to make the US government the single insurer and payer for all health care
  252. open access 
    arrangement that allows members to see participating providers, usually specialiss, withour referral from a primary physician gatekeeper
  253. open enrollment
    a period during which a managed care organization allows persons not previously enrolled to apply for plan membership
  254. physician extended
    health care professionals who help exted the availability of health services by substituting for physicians in performing basic medical services.  a physician assistant is a physician extendeer
  255. physician hospital organization 
    an organization owned by both a hospital and its medical staff of a physicians that contracts with HMOs and assumes responsibility for providing health care services to an identified group of individuals
  256. point of service (POS)
    a form a managed care, often called an open ended HMO or PPO, in which members are encouraged to stay in the existing network of providers but have free choice, at a higher price, of other physicians and hospitals outside the network
  257. portability
    continuous access to health insurance coverage even if a change in an individuals personal status occurs, such as employment loss or divorce
  258. preauthorization 
    approval of a specific services by a health insurance or managed care organization before a member receives these services
  259. premium
    amount of money paid to a health plan to provide services over a specific period of time
  260. preventative care
    health care services that emphasize prevention, early detection and early treatment of medical conditions
  261. prospective payment
    payment that is received before care is actually needed or rendered.  it gives providers an incentive to use fewer resources because they get to keep the difference between what is prepaid and what is actually used
  262. respite care
    short term temporary custodial care that allows a family member to be briefly relieved from caring for a dependent
  263. Stark Laws
    federal laws passed in 1989 that prohibit physicians from referring patients to clinical laboratories and other health care entitites in which physicians have a financial interest
  264. third party payer
    an insurer, the US government, or any other organization that pays for health care expenses for an individual
  265. TJC
    the joint commission.  a private, not for profit organization that evaluates and accredits hospitals and other health care organizations using established standards of practice
  266. AAAHC
  267. ADL
    activities of daily living such as bathing, dressing
  268. ALOS
    average length of stay
  269. APT
    amount per thousand 
  270. CEA
    cost effective analysis
  271. CHO
    comprehensive health organization
  272. COB
    coordination of insurance benefits
  273. CQI
    continuous quality improvement
  274. DME
    durable medical equipment
  275. DOI
    department of insurance
  276. DOS
    date of service
  277. DOS 
    date of service
  278. DRB
    diagnosis related groups
  279. EAP
    employee assistance program
  280. EOB
    explanation
  281. EOI
    evidence of insurability
  282. FFS
    fee for service
  283. FP
    family practice
  284. HBO
    health benefits organization
  285. LOS
    length of day
  286. LTC 
    long term care
  287. MCO
    managed care organization
  288. MGMA
    medical group management association
  289. OTC
    over the counter
  290. PCN
    primary care network
  291. PCP
    primary care physician
  292. PMPM
    per member, per month
  293. POS
    point of service, actual time health care is rendered
  294. PPO
    preferred provider organization
  295. PPS
    prospective payment system
  296. SNF
    skilled nurse facility
  297. UCR
    usual, reasonable, and customary
  298. UR
    utilization
  299. for words ending in A, retain the A and add __
    E
  300. for words ending in IS, drop the IS and add ___
    es
  301. for words ending in IX and EX, drop the IX or EX and add
    ices
  302. for words ending in ON, drop the ON and add
    a
  303. for words ending in UM, drop the UM and add
    a
  304. for words ending in US, drop the US and add
    I

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