bio ch. 6

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  1. cellular respiration
    cells making energy from food
  2. ATP
    energy currency
  3. aerobic respiration
    uses oxygen; O2 example: walking
  4. anaerobic respiration
    doesn't use oxygen. example: weight lifting
  5. glycolysis
    common pathway; makes 2 ATP, 2 NADH, 2 pyruvates; occurs in cytosol.
  6. NADH
    holds a hyrdrogen for the electron transport chain
  7. pyruvate
    3 carbon molecule from breaking glucose in half; swing molecule
  8. kreb's cycle
    aerobic pathway; makes 2 ATP, 8 NADH, 2 FADH2, 6 CO2; occurs in matrix of mitochondria
  9. FADH2
     holds a hydrogen for the electron transport chain
  10. electron transport chain
    aerobic; 34 ATP; occurs on the inner mitochondrial membrane
  11. aerobic pathway
    makes 38 ATP, 6 CO2 per glucose
  12. alcoholic fermentation
    makes 2 ATP and 2 latic acids per glucose; occurs in cytosol; anaerobic respiration
  13. complex carbohydrates can be converted into..
    glucose throught the aerobic pathway
  14. lipids, triglycerides and fat.
    can be converted to glycerol to beomce pyruvic acid
  15. low density lipoproteins
    bad cholestrol; causes plaque in blood vessels
  16. high density lipoproteins
    good cholestrol; takes cholestrol to liver
  17. proteins
    can be converted to various chemicals in the aerobic pathway
  18. nonessential amino acids
    your body can make, so you don't have to eat ; 11
  19. essential amino acids
    must be gotten from food; 9
  20. phenylketonuria (PKU)
    can't break down phenlalanine, which builds up in developing brains and causes mental retardation
  21. necleic acids
    can be converted to various chemicals in the aerobic pathway
  22. calorie
    a measurement of energy; amount of energy to raise 1 gram of water 1C
  23. Calorie (big c)
    amount of energy to raise 1,000 grams of water 1C, 1 kilocalorie; 1 food calorie
  24. most people need about 2,000
    calories per day, but that does vary by person
  25. different foods have different
    amounts of Calories per gram
  26. sure fire diet
    eat less, exercise more
  27. one pound of fat
    3,500 Cal.
  28. most diets say you should only lose
    1-2 pounds per week safely
  29. aerobic exercise burns fat. anaerobic builds muscle. muscle tissue burns..
    more Calories than fat tissue
  30. basal metabolic rate
    when you are just sitting here, doing nothing, eating nothing
  31. factors that raise metabolic rate
    • exercise
    • thyriod hormones
    • sympathetic nervous system
    • fever
    • eating
    • being in a cold temp.
    • pregnancy
    • being male
  32. stress, climate, overall health and phases of the menstrual cycle can..
    all affect BMR
  33. you should be eating a nice blanced meals so..
    tht you can get your daily recommended supplly of vitamins and minerals from your food
  34. anorexic
    wrong perception of body image
  35. bulimic
    eat normal meals, but purge from body
Card Set:
bio ch. 6
2012-10-08 20:55:02


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