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the mental process where concepts- fuzzy and imprecise ideas- are made more specific
EX. idea of studying prejudice- what do you mean by prejudice? different kinds?
relationship between 2 variables that changes at different values of the variables
direct behavioral observation
source of data/ collection of data- researchers watch what people do rather than rely on what they say about themselves or what others say about them
the IV --> mediating variable ---> DV
a variable that influences the strength or direction of a relationship between IV and DV
1 variable increases in value while the other decreases
the concrete and specific definition of something in terms or the operations by which observations are to be categorized
1 variable increase as the other increases
the process of regarding as real things that are not real
variables that change together in a consistent, predictable fashion
a source of data in which research subjects all respond in writing to the same list of written to the same list of written questions or statements that has a been constructed to measure a particular construct