exam meds.txt

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exam meds.txt
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meds medications nursing
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all meds for 141 exam
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  1. HAART
    • HIV
    • Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
    • combination of 3+ antiretroviral drugs
    • reduces drug resistance, decr viral load, keeps immune system strong
    • expensive, severe GI symptoms
  2. NRTI - Nucleoside-analog Reserse Transcriptase Inhibitor
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • 1 of the 3 main drugs that prevent HIV from getting stronger
    • works from w/in the cells
    • severe GI symptoms
  3. NNRTI - Non-Nucleosided Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • 1 of the 3 main drugs that prevent HIV from getting stonger, works from w/in the cells
  4. Protease Inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • 1 of the 3 main drugs that prevent HIV from getting stonger, works from w/in the cells
  5. Entry (Integrase?) inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • GI symptoms
  6. Fusion Inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • respiratory symptoms
  7. Atripla
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • most common viral suppressant
    • used in combination w/ others
    • recommended as an initial antiretrovirus regimen
  8. Compera
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • most common viral suppressant
    • used in combination w/ others
  9. vitamin and mineral supplements
    • chronic and acute Pancreatitis
    • maintains good nutrition, compensated for inability to digest fats and staches
  10. steroids
    • chronic and acute Pancreatitis
    • for pain and inflammation
  11. pancreatic enzymes
    chronic and acute Pancreatitis
  12. pancrelipase (lipancreatin)
    • pancreatitis
    • replaces pancreatic enzymes used for digestion of fats and starches, improves nutrition, dec stooling
    • GI, headache
  13. Meperidine (demerol)
    • pain
    • IV/PO
  14. Hydromorphone (dilaudid) IV /PO
    • pancreatitis pain
    • narc
  15. Amantadine
    • pancreatitis pain
    • narc
  16. Hydrocodone (vicodin) po
    • pancreatitis pain
    • narc
  17. Acetaminophen (tylenol)
    pancreatitis pain
  18. Ibuprofen (motrin)
    pancreatitis pain
  19. Probantheline bromide
    • chronic pancreatitis pain
    • *take 30mins ac
    • *do not give within 1hr of an antacid/antidiarrheal
  20. Insulin
    • acute/chronic pancreatitis
    • improve digestion, control blood glucose
    • corrective and meal coverage
  21. Tums, Mylanta, Maalox
    • pancreatitis
    • antiacids
    • neutralize stomach acids
    • *1hr apart from orals
    • *Empty stomach
    • *Chew/glass water
  22. Octreotide (Sandostatin)
    • acute pancreatitis
    • IV, sick pt, calm down auto digesting
    • Inhibits secretion of panc. Enzymes
  23. H2 blockers
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  24. Cimetidine (Tagamet)
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure
    • H2blockers
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  25. Ranitidine (Zantec)
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure
    • H2 blockers
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  26. Famotidine (Pepcid)
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure
    • H2blockers
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  27. Protein Pump inhibitors
    • pancreatitis, liver failure
    • suppress gastric acid secretion
    • **caution use with Digoxin, dilantin, blood thinners,
    • because it causes toxicity issues
  28. Lansoprazole (Prevacid)
    • pancreatitis, liver failure
    • Protein Pump inhibitors
    • suppress gastric acid secretion
    • **caution use with Digoxin, dilantin, blood thinners,
    • because it causes toxicity issues
  29. Omeprazole (Prilosec)
    • pancreatitis, liver failure
    • Protein Pump inhibitors
    • suppress gastric acid secretion
    • **caution use with Digoxin, dilantin, blood thinners,
    • because it causes toxicity issues
  30. Pancrealipase (lipancreatin)
    • chronic pancreatitis
    • Replaces the enzymes used for digestion of fats and starches, improves nutrition, and decreases stooling
    • give with meals
    • Monitor stools/frequency/consistency
    • If enteric do not crush, chew or mix with milk or ice cream
    • If powder sprinkle on food, pt must rinse after use as this is irritating to the mouth
  31. potassium sparing Spironolactone (aldactone)
    Furosemide (lasix)
    • used together have the best outcome for controlling ascites and edema
    • Diuretics
  32. Lactulose
    • liver and kidney failure, high ammonia levels
    • Laxative
    • draws ammonia into poop
  33. Neomycin
    • liver and kidney failure, high ammonia levels
    • Laxative
    • draws ammonia into poop
  34. Propanolol (inderal)
    • liver failure
    • Beta blocker
    • for portal hypertension, relaxes blood vessels
  35. Isosorbide (isordil)
    • liver failure
    • Nitrates
    • vasodilates
    • dizzy, flushing, headache
  36. Vitamin K
    • liver failure
    • blood clotting
    •  
  37. Oxazepam (serax)
    • dt's, Antianxiety
    • easier on the liver than valium
  38. steroids
    do not take w/ liver failure
  39. tylenol
    do not take with liver failure
  40. barbituates
    do not take with liver failure
  41. seditives
    do not take with liver failure
  42. hypnotics
    do not take with liver failure
  43. Methylprednisone
    • Crohn's UC
    • steroid
  44. Prednisone
    • Crohn's, UC
    • steroid
  45. Imuran,
    • Crohn's, UC, Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  46. cyclosporine (Sandimmune)
    • Crohn's, UC, RA
    • immune suppressant
  47. Methlytrexate (Mexate)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • immune suppressant
  48. Remicade
    • Crohn's, UC, RA
    • DMARD
    • biological therapy,targets specific immune responses
    • Significant Adverse effects
  49. Humira
    • Used for moderate to severe cases of Crohn's, UC
    • biological therapy, targets specific immune responses
    • Significant Adverse effects
  50. Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Aminosalicylates
    • Local Anti-inflammatory Agents targets intestines - Local effects on the intestinal mucosa, it blocks prostaglandin which plays into normal inflammatory response
  51. Balsalazide (Colazal)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Aminosalicylates
    • Local Anti-inflammatory Agents targets intestines - Local effects on the intestinal mucosa, it blocks prostaglandin which plays into normal inflammatory response
  52. Loperamide (Imodium)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Anti diarrhea
    • Dosing is dependent upon stools/day
    • ***Antidiarrheals are not given in severe flareups of Colitis as this may cause toxic megacolon!
  53. Diphenoxylate with atropine (Lomotol)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Anti diarrhea
    • Dosing is dependent upon stools/day
    • ***Antidiarrheals are not given in severe flareups of Colitis as this may cause toxic megacolon!
  54. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Antibiotics
    • reactive to certain GI flora that may be causing inflamm, infection
    •  
  55. Ciprofloxin (Cipro)
    • Crohn's, UC, UTI (MS)
    • Antibiotics
    • reactive to certain GI flora that may be causing inflamm, infection
  56. *hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
    • Lupus, RA
    • anti-malarial
  57. Cytoxan
    • Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  58. Cellcept
    • Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  59. belimumab [BENLYSTA�]
    • Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  60. Celecoxib (Celebrex)
    • RA
    • 2nd generation NSAID
  61. Low dose corticosteroids 1 - 5 mg
    RA
  62. DMARDS
    • RA
    • disease modifiying anti-rheumatic drug
    • reduces s/s, inhibit structural damage, improve function
  63. leflunomide (Arava)
    • RA
    • DMARD
  64. etanercept (Enbrel)
    • RA
    • DMARD
  65. adalimumab (Humira)
    • RA, Crohn's, UC
    • DMARD
  66. Methotrexate
    • RA, Crohn's. UC
    • immune suppressant, DMARD
  67. nitroglycerin
    • angina
    • vasodilator
  68. dilaudid
    • pain
    • narcotic
  69. morphine
    • pain
    • narcotic
  70. vicodin
    pain
  71. fenoterol
    bronchio spasms
  72. demerol
    pain
  73. valium
    anti anxiety, muscle relaxer
  74. alteplase
    • MI, embolisms, coronary arteried
    • thrombolytic
  75. reteplase
    • MI, embolisms, coronary arteried
    • thrombolytic
  76. tenecteplase
    • MI, embolisms, coronary arteried
    • thrombolytic
  77. pacerons
    • afib, tachy
    • antidysrthymics
  78. digoxin
    • afib
    • antidysrthymics
  79. cardizem
    • afib
    • antidysrthymics
  80. warfin
    • afib, blood clot
    • antidysrthymics, blood thinner
  81. olol s
    • hypertension, heart failure, angina, portal hypertension
    • beta blockers
  82. pril s
    • hypertension, heart failure, protection of MI
    • ACE inhibitors
  83. Cholinesterase inhibitors
    • they do not increase the amt of acetylcholine but prolong its presence, inhibits the breakdown of actylcholine
    • dizzy, diarrhea, weight loss, insomnia
  84. Donepezil (aricept)
    • early/middle stage AD
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
  85. Galantamine (razadyne)
    • early/middle stage AD
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
  86. Rivastigmine (exelon) (patch)
    • early/middle stage AD
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
  87. *Memantine (Namenda)
    • moderate to late AD
    • use in combination with aricept
    • SOB, hallucinations
  88. TPA (alteplase)
    • ischemic stroke, PE
    • fibrinolysis, clot buster
    • hemorrhage
  89. coumadin
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • reduces synthesis of active clotting factors.
    • bleeding, headache, N/V
  90. heparin
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • prevents formation of fibrin
    • bleeding
  91. lovenox
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • prevents formation of fibrin
    • bleeding
  92. ticlid
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • blocks platelet form
    • low platelet, WBC, diarrhea
  93. plavix
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • blocks platelet form.
    • itching, bleeding, bruising, nosebleed
  94. persantine
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • inhibits platelet aggregation, vasodilates
    • dizzy, headache
  95. furosemide/Lasix
    • acute renal failure
    • diuretic
    • inhibits the reabsorption of sodium and chloride, thus excreting more water, sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium, washes out toxins, establish urine output to prevent oliguria
    • dizzy, headache, n/v, low potassium
  96. Kayexalate
    • acute renal failure
    • removes potassium by switching out K for sodium
    • n/v, constipation, anorexia, low potassium
  97. Streptokinase
    • PE
    • disolves blood clots
    • hypotension, bleeding, respiratory depression
  98. Beta 2 stimulates
    • COPD
    • relaxes smooth muscle, dilates bronchioles
    • stimulates heart
    • short acting: keep track of how often used, too much indicates need for better long acting tx
    • long acting: maintainence, take at same time each day
    • brady, mouth sores, dizziness, headache, N/V, insomnia
  99. metaproterenol,
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • Short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • cardiac stimulation
  100. alupent
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • cardiac stimulation
  101. albuterol
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • less heart stimulation
    • cardiac stimulation
  102. proventil,
    • COPD
    • short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • less heart stimulation
  103. ventolin,
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator
    • give first
    • less heart stimulation
  104. Formoterol ( Perforomist)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  105. salmeterol (Serevent)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  106. Arformoterol tartrate (Brovana)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  107. Anticholinergic bronchodilators
    • COPD
    • relaxation of the large airways-Bronchi
    • bronchodilation
    • good for cardiac pt as it is gentler on the hearts
  108. Ipratropium (Atrovent)
    • COPD
    • anticholinergic bronchodiator
    • short acting
  109. Tiotropium (Spiriva)
    • COPD
    • anticholinergic bronchodiator
    • longer acting
  110. inhaled steroids
    • COPD
    • Inhaled steroids are not fast-acting medicines, so you must take them on a daily basis in order to obtain the full benefit., for inflammation, not rescue, use short acting meds first
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  111. Budesonide (Pulmicort)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
  112. Fluticasone (Flovent)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
  113. Triamcinolone (Azmacort)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
  114. Symbicort
    • COPD
    • combination meds
    • steroid + long acting beta antagonist
    •  
  115. Combivent
    • COPD
    • combination meds
    • 2 bronchiostimulants + anticholinergic
    • less side effects
  116. Advair
    • COPD
    • combination med
    • steroid + long acting beta antagonist
  117. methylxanthines:
    • COPD
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  118. aminophylline
    • COPD
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  119. theophylline
    • COPD
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  120. Mucolytic:
    • COPD
    • pill, mist,
    • emphysema won't use
    • N/V, cough
  121. mucomyst,
    • COPD
    • thins mucus so it can be coughed up
    • Mucolytic
  122. guaifenesin
    • COPD
    • thins mucus so it can be coughed up
    • Mucolytic
  123. INH (isoniazid)
    • TB
    • bacteriocide
  124. RIF (Rifampin)
    • TB
    • bacteriocide
  125. Priftin (Rifapentine)
    • TB
    • antibactic
  126. PZA(Pyrazidimine)
    • TB
    • bactericidal and bacteristatic
  127. Interferon Beta 1B (Betaseron)
    • MS
    • immuneregulators,
    • improves MRI plaques rate, lengthens remissions,
    • S/E: flu like symptoms, constipation, depression, swelling in arms and legs
  128. Inteferon Beta 1A (Avonex)
    • MS
    • immuneregulators,
    • reduces MRI plaques,
    • S/E: infection, change in eye sight, low WBC,
  129. glatiramer (Copaxone)
    • MS
    • Immunosuppressants,
    • S/E: infections, flushing, nervous/excitability, liver damage,
    • 20mg SQ Daily
    •  
  130. Ampyra (dalfampridine)
    • MS
    • potassium channel blocker,
    • interacts with excitability in neurons, assist with mobility issues,  walking primarily
    • Do not take if known kidney disease,
    • BID as extended release
  131. Gilenya (fingolimod)
    • MS
    • immunomodulator,
    • interferes with WBC migration to the cells which is triggering the destruction of the myelin,
    • used for loss of balance,
    • muscle spasms,
    • recommends all patients be observed for six hours after receiving their first dose due to Bradycardia effects. also recommends eye examinations to detect macular edema
  132. Prednisone (Deltasone)
    steroid,
  133. baclofen (lioresal, gablofen)
    • MS
    • Muscle Relaxants/spasticity
    • S/E: dizzy, light headed, N/V
  134. dantrolene (Dantrium)
    • MS
    • Muscle Relaxants/spasticity
  135. diazepam (Valium)
    • MS
    • Muscle Relaxants/spasticity,
    • light headed, weak, fatigue, dry mouth, change in balance
  136. carbamazepine (Tegretol)
    • MS
    • anti seizure/Neuropathic pain,
    • light headed, weak, fatigue, dry mouth, change in balance
  137. gabapentin (Neurontin)
    • MS
    • anti seizure/Neuropathic pain,
    • light headed, weak, fatigue, dry mouth, change in balance
    • fatigue
  138. amantadine (Symmetrel)
    • MS
    • for fatigue, promotes
    • wakefullness/dopamine
  139. modafinil (Provigil)
    • MS
    • for fatigue, promotes wakefullness/dopamine
  140. Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
    • antibiotic
    • UTI
  141. Papaverine injections
    Erectile Dysfunction
  142. tadalafil (Cialis)
    Erectile Dysfunction
  143. sildenafil (Viagra)
    Erectile Dysfunction
  144. vardenafil (Levitra)
    Erectile Dysfunction
  145. DDAVP (desmopressin)
    Urinary urgency
  146. onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  147. tolterodine (Detrol)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  148. oxybutynin (Ditropan)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  149. tamsulosin (Flomax)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  150. terazosin (Hytrin)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  151. docusate (colace)
    Constipation
  152. Mineral oil
    Constipation
  153. bisacodyl (dulcolax)
    Constipation
  154. Levadopa
    • parkinsons
    • dopamine
    • nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, and lowered blood pressure.
  155. Carbidopa
    • parkinsons
    • reduces the side effects of levadopa
  156. Simemet
    • parkinsons
    • carbidopa + Levadopa
    • 25/100
    • Gold Standard
    • 3 - 4 x/day
  157. ComT inhibitor
    • parkinsons
    • inhibit 3-0 methyldopa - which breaks down dopamine
    • liver toxicity issues
  158. Stalevo
    • parkinsons
    • Simemet + ComT inhibitor
    • (levadopa carbidopa entacapone)
    • liver toxicity issues
  159. Tasmar (tolcapone)
    • parkinsons
    • ComT inhibitor
    • **liver damage and failure
    • Adverse: dizziness, dyskinesias, GI upset, ?b/p, sleep disorders
    • don't do these right away, try sinamet first
  160. Comtan (entacopone)
    • parkinsons
    • ComT inhibitor
    • used to manage fluctuations combined w/ sinamet
    • Adverse: dizziness, dyskinesias, GI upset, ?b/p, sleep disorders
    • don't do these right away, try sinamet first
  161. Cogentin (benztropine)
    • parkinsons
    • anticholinergic
    • blocks acetylcholine so more dopamine can be absorbed
    • not as affective, more side effects
    • use if tremor and drooling are not otherwise controlled
    • Dry mouth, nausea, blurred vision, nervousness, dizziness
  162. Benadryl
    • parkinsons
    • effective in elderly to control drooling
  163. dopamine agonists
    • parkinsons
    • not dopamine, but the body "thinks" it is
  164. Mirapex (pramipexole)
    • parkinsons
    • dopamine agonists
    • excessive daytime sleepiness, low blood pressure and behavioral problems
  165. Requip (ropinirole)
    • parkinsons
    • dopamine agonists
    • excessive daytime sleepiness, low blood pressure and behavioral problems
  166. Amantadine
    • parkinsons
    • anti viral
    • effects a class of chemicals called catecholamines, of which dopamine is one
    • beneficial for motor problems of Parkinsons
    • nausea, insomnia

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